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1 May

305 – Roman Empire – Co-Emperors Diocletian and Maximian abdicate.

305 – Roman Empire – Caesar Gaius Flavius Valerius Constantius (Chlorus) Augustus became Co-Roman Emperor with Caesar Galerius Valerius Maximianus Augustus. http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/constantiuschlorus.html http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/galerius.html

311 – Roman Empire – Caesar Galerius Valerius Maximinus (Daia) Augustus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/maximinus-II.html

408 – Roman Empire – Emperor Arcadius died. http://www.roman-empire.net/constant/arcadius.html

408 – Roman Empire – Flavius Theodosius Augustus became Roman Emperor (east). http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/theodosius-I.html

1045 – Rome – John Gratian became Pope Gregory VI. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_VI

1048 – England – Earthquake epicentre in the Midlands.

1455 – Scotland – Battle of Arkinholme. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Arkinholm

1517 – England – Evil May Day riot in London ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evil_May_Day

1555 – Rome – Pope Marcellus II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Marcellus_II

1572 – Rome – Pope Pius V died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_V

1625 – Brazil – Recapture of Bahia ended (Eighty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recapture_of_Bahia

1648 – Crete – Battle of Candia (Cretan War).

1707 – GB – Formed by Act of Union between England and Scotland. http://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/evolutionofparliament/legislativescrutiny/act-of-union-1707/

1759 – GB – Wedgwood Pottery Company established by Josiah Wedgwood. http://www.thepotteries.org/potters/wedgwood.htm

1778 – USA – Battle of Crooked Billet (American Revolutionary War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Crooked_Billet  https://archive.org/details/historyofbattleo00davi

1794 – France – Second Battle of Boulou began (War of the Pyrenees). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Boulou

1812 – UK – Earthquake measuring 3.0Mw, epicentre in Neath, Port Talbot, Wales.

1820 – UK – Cato Street Conspirators executed. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/rights/cato.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cato_Street_Conspiracy

1840 – UK – The Penny Black postage stamp issued. http://www.postalheritage.org.uk/explore/history/pennyblack/

1844 – Hong Kong – Police force established. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_Police_Force


1851 – UK – Great Exhibition opened in London by Queen Victoria. https://youtu.be/eqM6PXyp5MA   http://www.vam.ac.uk/page/g/great-exhibition/

1852 – Philippines – The peso went into circulation. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippine_peso

1862 – USA – Capture of New Orleans ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capture_of_New_Orleans

1865 – Argentina – Treaty of the Triple Alliance signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_the_Triple_Alliance

1866 – USA – Memphis Riots began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memphis_riots_of_1866

1869 – France – The Folies Bergère opened in Paris. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folies_Berg%C3%A8re

1875 – UK – Alexandria Palace reopened, following fire in 1873. http://www.alexandrapalace.com/timeline/#the_new_alexandra_palace

1884 – USA – Moses Fleetwood Walker became first African American to play Major League Baseball. https://youtu.be/BpzVCVXB0Uk https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses_Fleetwood_Walker


1893 – USA – Chicago’s World Fair opened. https://youtu.be/cpOQE5KJJds http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World%27s_Columbian_Exposition


1894 – USA – First Coxey’s Army protest march reached Washington DC. https://youtu.be/eUWQOczupcE http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/how-ragtag-band-reformers-organized-first-protest-march-washington-dc-180951270/?no-ist

1898 – Philippines – Battle of Manila Bay (Spanish-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Manila_Bay

1900 – USA – Scofield Mine disaster, 200 killed. http://historytogo.utah.gov/utah_chapters/mining_and_railroads/thescofieldminedisasterin1900wasutahsworst.html


1901 – USA – Buffalo, New York’s World Fair opened. https://youtu.be/AgAlYxM8200 http://panam1901.org/

1925 – Pakistan – Pink’s War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pink%27s_War


1931 – USA – Empire State Building dedicated in New York. https://youtu.be/K1-QNS462D8 https://youtu.be/JrrO_luMvcA http://www.unmuseum.org/7wonders/empire_state_building.htm

1933 – UK – Roca-Runiciman Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roca%E2%80%93Runciman_Treaty

1933 – USA – Catholic Worker newspaper first published. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic_Worker

1939 – Mozambique – Imperial Airways plane crashed at Lumbo Lagoon, Ilha da Mocambique, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19390501-0

1942 – Burma – Battle of Hsenwe (Yunnan-Burma Road Campaign – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yunnan-Burma_Road

1942 – USA – United Air Lines plane crashed Salt Lake City, Utah, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420501-1

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Mukilteo, WA, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430501-1

1944 – Greece – Kaisariani Execution (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1_May_1944_Kaisariani_executions

1945 – Germany – Mass Suicide in Demmin (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_suicide_in_Demmin

1945 – Germany – Joseph Goebbels & his wife commit suicide (WWII). http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/joseph-goebbels

1945 – Italy – Trieste liberated (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trieste#World_War_II_and_aftermath

1945 – Burma – Battle of Elephant Point (Operation Dracula – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Elephant_Point

1945 – Netherlands – Operation Chowhound began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operations_Manna_and_Chowhound

1946 – Australia – Pilbara Strike began. https://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/politics/1946-pilbara-strike-australias-longest-strike#axzz4foLaFqe3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1946_Pilbara_strike

1947 – Italy – Portella della Ginestra Massacre, 11 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portella_della_Ginestra_massacre

1950 – China – Second Chinese Civil War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Civil_War

1957 – UK – Eagles Aviation Ltd plane crashed at Star Hill, Hampshire, 34 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19570501-0

1960 – USSR – U-2 Incident (Cold War). https://youtu.be/D7Y4rGi_Hto WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1960_U-2_incident

1965 – China – Battle of Dong-Yin (Chinese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dong-Yin

1967 – USA – Elvis Presley married Priscilla Beaulieu. https://youtu.be/s8Tv_WOmodg http://www.elvispresleynews.com/elvisweddingphotos/

1977 – Turkey – Taksim Square Massacre, 36 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taksim_Square_massacre

1978 – North Pole – Naomi Uemura became first person to reach North Pole alone. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naomi_Uemura


1982 – USA – Knoxville, Tennessee World’s Fair opened. https://youtu.be/fwnf3QAnoQE  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_World%27s_Fair

1993 – Sri Lanka – President Ranasinghe Premadasa assassinated, Dingiri Banda Wijetunga became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranasinghe_Premadasa https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dingiri_Banda_Wijetunga

1994 – Italy – Ayrton Senna killed during San Marino Grand Prix. https://youtu.be/luLFMoW1IuE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/motorsport/formulaone/10796725/ayrton-senna-death-inside-story-imola.html

1995 – Croatia – Operation Flash began (Croatian War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Flash

2001 – Philippines – EDSA III. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EDSA_III

2003 – Iraq – Invasion of Iraq ended. https://youtu.be/MUxiGu5bXoU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_invasion_of_Iraq

2003 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre in Bingöl, 177 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Bing%C3%B6l_earthquake

2009 – Sweden – Same-sex marriage legalized. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7978495.stm

York

1676 – Leonard Gaskill and Peter Rook were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1758 – Matthew Bilton, William Watson, Richard Ford, Robert Cole and George Berry were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1777 – William Cock, a sailor from Doncaster leaped from the battlement of Ouse Bridge.