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9 March

141BCE – China – Liu Che became Emperor Wu of Han. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Wu_of_Han

1144 – Rome – Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso became Pope Lucius II. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Lucius_II

1230 – Bulgaria – Battle of Klokotnitsa. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Klokotnitsa

1500 – Portugal – Fleet of Pedro Alvares Cabral left Lisbon for the Indies. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_%C3%81lvares_Cabral

1513 – Rome – Cardinal Giovanni di Lorenzo de’ Medici became Pope Leo X. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_X

1566 – Scotland – David Rizzio, private secretary to Mary, Queen of Scots, murdered at Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh. http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/rizzio.htm

1796 – France – Napoléon Bonaparte married Joéphine de Beauharnais. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9phine_de_Beauharnais

1811 – Paraguay – Battle of Tacuarí (Paraguay Campaign). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tacuar%C3%AD

1814 – France – Battle of Laon began (War of Sixth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Laon


1841 – USA – US Supreme Court ruled that Captive Africans who had seized Amistad ship should be freed. https://youtu.be/CSx9tjj_jyY  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/amistd.htm

1842 – USA – Gold found at Rancho San Francisco, California. http://www.consrv.ca.gov/cgs/geologic_resources/gold/CA_GoldDiscovery_files/Pages/GoldDiscovery.aspx

1846 – India/Pakistan – First Anglo-Sikh War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Anglo-Sikh_War

1847 – Mexico – Siege of Veracruz began (Mexican-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Veracruz

1862 – USA – Battle of Hampton Roads ended (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/u2oub-PkUDY http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/hampton-roads.html

1910 – USA – Coal miner’s strike started at Westmoreland, Pennsylvania. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westmoreland_County_coal_strike_of_1910%E2%80%9311

1925 – Pakistan – Pink’s War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pink%27s_War

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Essen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Estonia – USSR Air Forces bombed Tallinn, 757 killed (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Tallinn_in_World_War_II

1945 – Japan – US Army Air Forces bombed Tokyo (WWII). http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/firebombing-of-tokyo

1945 – French Indochina – Japanese Coup D’état began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat_in_French_Indochina


1946 – UK – Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burden Park, Bolton, 33 killed. https://youtu.be/y79uw6J3rSE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-manchester-12686632


1951 – Argentina – Summer I Pan American Games ended. https://youtu.be/MvTf41zMAT0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1951_Pan_American_Games

1955 – Colombia – Avianca plane crashed at Cerro Trujilo, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550309-0

1957 – USA – Earthquake measuring 8.6Mw, epicentre in Andreanof Islands, Alaska, followed by tsunami. http://www.drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami1957.html

1961 – USSR – Sputnik 9 launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1961-008A

1967 – USA – TWA Flight 553 crashed near Ubana, Ohio, 26 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670309-0

1976 – Italy – Cable car accident in Cavalese, 42 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/9/newsid_4213000/4213355.stm

1977 – USA – Hanafi  Siege in Washington DC began, 2 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977_Hanafi_Siege

1997 – Asia – Total Eclipse observed. https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/solar/1997-march-9

2002 – USA – Paralympic VIII Winter Games Opening Ceremony in Salt Lake City. http://www.paralympic.org/salt-lake-city-2002

2011 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw.

2012 – Gaza Strip – Gaza-Israel Clashes began (Gaza-Israel Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_2012_Gaza%E2%80%93Israel_clashes


2016 – Indonesia – Total eclipse observed. https://youtu.be/X_w4UuydKg0 https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEgoogle/SEgoogle2001/SE2016Mar09Tgoogle.html

York

1643 – Ammunition was brought to York in 500 carts, deposited in Guildhall.