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8 March

1126 – Castile and León – Alfonso VII became king. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_VII_of_Le%C3%B3n_and_Castile

1144 – Rome – Pope Celestine II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Celestine_II

1702 – GB – William III died, aged 51.  Anne became queen. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=anne

1722 – Iran – Battle of Gulnbad. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gulnabad

1782 – USA – Gnadenhütten Massacre (American Revolutionary War).  http://gnadenhutten.tripod.com/

1801 – Egypt – Battle of Abukir (French Revolutionary Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Abukir_(1801)

1817 – USA – New York Stock Exchange founded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Stock_Exchange

1844 – Sweden/Norway – Oscar I became king. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_I_of_Sweden

1862 – USA – Battle of Pea Ridge ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/pea-ridge.html

1862 – USA – Battle of Hampton Roads began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/hampton-roads.html

1868 – Japan – Sakai Incident, 11 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakai_incident

1906 – Philippines – First Battle of Bud Dajo ended (Moro Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Bud_Dajo

1910 – France – Raymonde de Laroche, first woman to receive pilot’s licence. http://www.earlyaviators.com/edelaroc.htm

1911 – Denmark – International Women’s Day launched in Copenhagen by Clara Zetkin. http://www.internationalwomensday.com/About

1916 – Iraq – Battle of Dijaila (WWI). http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/dujaila.htm

1917 – Russia – Second Revolution began (NS). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Revolution

1920 – Arab Kingdom of Syria – Established.

1921 – Spain – Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier assassinated. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/152277/Eduardo-Dato-Iradier

1924 – USA – Explosions at Castle Gate mine, Utah, 172 killed. http://ilovehistory.utah.gov/time/stories/castle_gate.html

1937 – Spain – Battle of Guadalajara began (Spanish Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Guadalajara

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Essen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Papua New Guinea – RAAF plane crashed near Gasmata, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430308-2

1943 – USSR – Soviet Air Force plane crashed near Bataisk Airfield, Rostov Region, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430308-3

1944 – Burma – Battle of Imphal began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Imphal

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Solomon Islands – US Navy plane crashed at Choiseul Island, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440308-1

1947 – Colombia – VIARCO plane crashed near Villavicencio, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470308-0

1947 – Italy – RAF plane crashed at L’isola di Ischia, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470308-1

1948 – USA – Eagle Air Freight plane crashed near San Jose, CA, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480308-0

1955 – Mexico – Mexicana de Aviación Flight 591 crashed near Talpa de Allende Airport, 26 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Imphal

1957 – Ghana – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

1962 – Turkey – Turkish Airline plane crashed at Taurus Mountains, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19620308-1

1963 – Syria – The Ba’ath Party took power. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ba%27ath_Party

1966 – Ireland – Bomb destroyed Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin. http://www.thejournal.ie/nelsons-pillar-blown-up-1966-1349361-Mar2014/#slide-slideshow2

1974 – France – Charles de Gaulle Airport opened in Paris. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Gaulle_Airport

2010 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, epicentre in Elâziğ Province, 42 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8554857.stm


2014 – Indian Ocean – Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, missing, 239 killed. https://youtu.be/BVyrewsC4ZE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20140308-0

York

1643 – Queen arrived in York, she was met at Heworth Moor by the Lord Mayor, aldermen and citizens.