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5 March

254 – Rome – Pope Lucius I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Lucius_I

1279 – Latvia – Battle of Aizkraukle (Livonian Crusade). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Aizkraukle

1496 – England – Henry VII authorised John Cabot and his sons to explore unknown lands. http://www.heritage.nf.ca/exploration/1496patent.html

1770 – America – Boston Massacre (American Revolutionary War). http://www.bostonmassacre.net/

1804 – Australia – Castle Hill Rebellion ended. http://www.thehills.nsw.gov.au/IgnitionSuite/uploads/docs/Death%20or%20Liberty%20-%20The%20Castle%20Hill%20Rebellion%20&%20Battle%20of%20Vinegar%20Hill%201804.pdf

1811 – Spain – Battle of Barosa (Peninsula War). http://www.britishbattles.com/peninsula/peninsula-barossa.htm

1824 – Burma Empire – First Anglo-Burmese War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Anglo-Burmese_War

1850 – Wales – Britannia Bridge across Menai Strait opened. https://www.networkrail.co.uk/VirtualArchive/britannia-bridge/

1894 – UK – Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery became Prime Minister (Liberal). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/archibald-primrose-5th-earl-of-rosebery

1906 – Philippines – First Battle of Bud Dajo began (Moro Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Bud_Dajo

1931 – UK – Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gandhi%E2%80%93Irwin_Pact

1942 – USA – USAAC plane crashed off Port Sewall, Florida, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420305-0

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Krupp Works, Essen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Pacific Ocean – US Navy plane crashed, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430305-0

1944 – Uman – Uman-Botosani Offensive began (Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uman%E2%80%93Boto%C8%99ani_Offensive

1944 – Burma – Second Chindit Expedition began (WWII). http://www.chindits.info/Thursday/SpecialForce.htm

1944 – Burma – Operation Thursday began (Second Chindit Expedition-WWII). http://www.chindits.info/Thursday/OperationThursday.htm

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Dayton-Wright Patterson AAF, OH, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450305-4

1945 – Philippines – USAAF plane missing between bayug and Angeles City, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450305-7

1946 – Czech Republic – CSA plane crashed near Prague, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460305-0

1951 – Japan – USAF plane crashed at Okinawa-Kadena AFB, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510305-1

1966 – Japan – BOAC Flight 911 crashed on Mount Fuji, 124 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19660305-1

1967 – USA – Lake Central Flight 527 crashed near Marseilles, Ohio, 38 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670305-0

1967 – Liberia – Varig Flight 837 crashed at Roberts International Airport, 56 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670305-1

1978 – USA – Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg Airforce Base, California. http://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/?p=3176

1984 – UK – Miner’s strike began at Cortonwood Colliery. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/12/newsid_2540000/2540175.stm

1993 – Macedonia – Palair Macedonian Airlines Flight 301 crashed near Skpje Airport, 83 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19930305-1

2002 – Philippines – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Mindanao, 15 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/1859201.stm

2002 – Afghanistan – Battle of Takur Ghar ended (War in Afghanistan). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Takur_Ghar

2003 – Israel – Haifa bus 37 Massacre, 17 killed. http://edition.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/03/05/mideast/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haifa_bus_37_suicide_bombing

2012 – Romania – Shooting at hair salon in Bucharest, 2 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Bucharest_hair_salon_shooting

2014 – Indian Ocean – Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 crashed, 239 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-26503141

York

1823 – Yorkshire Philosophical Society moved to premises near Ouse Bridge.