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4 March

561 – Rome – Pope Pelagius I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pelagius_I

1238 – Russia – Battle of the Sit River (Mongul Invasion of Rus). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Sit_River

1351 – Siam – Ramathibodi became king. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uthong

1386 – Poland – Coronation of Wladyslaw II Jagiello. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C5%82adys%C5%82aw_II_Jagie%C5%82%C5%82o

1461 – England – Henry VI deposed, Edward IV became king (first reign). http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry6 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward4

1665 – England/Netherlands – Second Anglo-Dutch War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Anglo-Dutch_War

1675 – England – John Flamsteed appointed first Astronomer Royal. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Flamsteed

1776 – USA – Battle of Nassau ended (American Revolutionary War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nassau

1789 – USA – First meeting of US Congress held in New York City. http://www.gwu.edu/~ffcp/exhibit/   http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwaclink.html

1790 – France – Divided into 83 départements. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Departments_of_France

1791 – USA – Vermont became 14th State. http://www.50states.com/vermont.htm

1794 – USA – 11th Amendment passed by US Congress. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleventh_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

1797 – USA – John Adams became President (Federalist). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/johnadams

1801 – USA – Thomas Jefferson became President (Democratic-Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/thomasjefferson

1804 – Australia – Castle Hill Rebellion began. http://www.thehills.nsw.gov.au/IgnitionSuite/uploads/docs/Death%20or%20Liberty%20-%20The%20Castle%20Hill%20Rebellion%20&%20Battle%20of%20Vinegar%20Hill%201804.pdf

1809 – USA – James Madison became President (Democratic-Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jamesmadison

1814 – Canada – Battle of Longwoods (War of 1812). http://www.royal-scots.com/id25.html

1817 – USA – James Monroe became President (Democratic-Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jamesmonroe

1825 – USA – John Quincy Adams became President (Democratic-Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/johnquincyadams

1829 – USA – Andrew Jackson became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/andrewjackson

1837 – USA – Martin Van Buren became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/martinvanburen

1841 – USA – William Henry Harrison became President (Whig). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/williamhenryharrison

1845 – USA – James K Polk became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jamespolk

1849 – USA – Zachary Taylor became President (Whig). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/zacharytaylor

1853 – USA – Franklin Pierce became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/franklinpierce

1857 – USA – James Buchanan became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jamesbuchanan

1861 – USA – Abraham Lincoln became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/abrahamlincoln

1861 – USA – First national flag of Confederate States of America adopted. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flags_of_the_Confederate_States_of_America

1865 – USA – Final national flag of Confederate States of America adopted. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flags_of_the_Confederate_States_of_America

1869 – USA – Ulysses S Grant became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/ulyssessgrant

1877 – USA – Rutherford B Hayes became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/rutherfordbhayes

1881 – USA – James A Garfield became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jamesgarfield

1882 – UK – First electric tram ran in east London.

1885 – USA – Grover Cleveland became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/grovercleveland22

1889 – USA – Benjamin Harrison became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/benjaminharrison


1890 – Scotland – Forth Rail Bridge opened. https://youtu.be/UlTY2NGDUZ8  http://www.networkrail.co.uk/VirtualArchive/forth-bridge/  http://digital.nls.uk/scotlandspages/timeline/1890.html

1893 – USA – Grover Cleveland became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/grovercleveland24

1897 – USA – William McKinley became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/williammckinley

1899 – Australia – Cyclone Mahina near Cooktown, Queensland, 300+ killed. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-12-26/cyclone-mahina/5964342


1908 – USA – Collinwood School Fire, Ohio, 174 killed. http://youtu.be/-KQU-DR9z2c  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collinwood_school_fire

1909 – USA – William Howard Taft became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/williamhowardtaft

1913 – USA – Woodrow Wilson became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/woodrowwilson

1913 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Bizani began (First Balkan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bizani

1917 – USA – Jeannette Rankin, first female member of US House of Representatives. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeannette_Rankin

1921 – USA – Warren G Harding became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/warrenharding

1921 – Italy – Caproni plane crashed in Lago Maggiore. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19210304-0

1929 – USA – Herbert Hoover became President (Republican). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/herberthoover

1933 – USA – Franklin D Roosevelt became President (Democratic). http://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/franklindroosevelt

1933 – USA – Frances Perkins first female member of US Cabinet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Perkins


1941 – Norway – Operation Claymore (WWII). https://youtu.be/fSFAp84aU1s https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Claymore


1943 – Pacific Ocean – Battle of Bismark Sea ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/cgone_pq1tc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bismarck_Sea

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Berlin. http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Horsehall Hill Farm, Chisbury, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440304-0

1945 – UK – USAAF plane crashed near Orfordness, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450304-0

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Lawrenceville-George AAF, IL, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450304-6

1945 – USSR – Aeroflot plane crashed at Mulden, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450304-8

1949 – Germany – USAF plane crashed near Bad Langensalza, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490304-0

1960 – Cuba – French freighter La Coubre exploded in Havana, 100 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Coubre_explosion

1962 – Cameroon – Caledonian Airways Flight 153 crashed near Douala Airport, 111 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19620304-0

1966 – Japan – Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 402 crashed at Tokyo-Haneda Airport, 64 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19660304-0

1974 – UK – Harold Wilson became Prime Minister (Labour). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/harold-wilson

1974 – USA – People Magazine first published. http://www.people.com/people/archive/issue/0,,7566740304,00.html

1976 – Northern Ireland – Constitutional Convention formerly dissolved. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Ireland_Constitutional_Convention

1977 – Romania – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Bucharest, 1,500 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977_Vrancea_earthquake

1980 – Zimbabwe – Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Mugabe

1983 – Canada – Bertha Wilson first woman to sit on Supreme Court of Canada. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertha_Wilson

1987 – USA – Northwest Airlink Flight 2268 crashed at Detroit Metropolotan Wayne County Airport, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19870304-0

2001 – Portugal – Hintze Ribeiro bridge collapsed, 70 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hintze_Ribeiro_disaster


2001 – UK – Bomb exploded outside BBC Television Centre, London. http://youtu.be/wbqR43vb6T4 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1201273.stm

2002 – Afghanistan – Battle of Takur Ghar began (War in Afghanistan). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Takur_Ghar

York

1228 – Henry III granted the Kings Chapel of St Mary Magdalene on the King’s Toft to the Dominicans of Black Friars. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/yorks/vol3/pp283-296

1834 – Trial of Richard Richmond at Guildhall.

1903 – The Lady Mayoress, Mrs Edwin Gray, spoke at the AGM of York Women’s Suffrage Society.

1913 – Women’s Suffrage demonstration held in Central Hall of Exhibition Buildings.