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30 March

1282 – Italy – Sicilian Vespers began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sicilian_Vespers

1296 – England/Scotland – Capture of Berwick-on-Tweed by Edward I. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capture_of_Berwick_(1296)

1651 – Isles of Silly – 335 Years’ War began. http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofEngland/The-335-Year-War-the-Longest-War-in-History/

1814 – France – Battle of Paris began (War of the Sixth Coalition). http://www.napolun.com/mirror/napoleonistyka.atspace.com/Paris_1814.htm

1822 – USA – Florida Territory created.

1841 – Greece – National Bank of Greece founded in Athens. https://www.nbg.gr/wps/portal/en/the-group/the-bank/content/history

1844 – USA – Cincinnati Riots ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cincinnati_riots_of_1884

1844 – Santo Domingo – Battle of Santiago (Dominican War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Santiago_(1844)

1849 – Punjab Region – Second Anglo-Sikh War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Anglo-Sikh_War

1863 – Greece – Wilhelm Georg became King. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_I_of_Greece

1867 – USA – Alaska bought from Russia for $7.2m. https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/alaska-purchase

1870 – USA – Texas readmitted into Union.

1844 – Santo Domingo – Battle of Santiago (Dominican War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Santiago_(1844)

1856 – France – Treaty of Paris Signed (Crimean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Paris_(1856)

1885 – Afghanistan – Panjdeh Incident. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panjdeh_Incident

1909 – USA – Queensboro Bridge opened between Manhattan and Queens. http://www.asce.org/People-and-Projects/Projects/Landmarks/Queensboro-Bridge/

1910 – USA – University of Southern Mississippi founded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Southern_Mississippi

1912 – Morocco – Treaty of Fez signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Fez

1918 – Azerbaijan – March Days began (Russian Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_Days

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Albermarle Sound, NC, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430330-0

1944 – Bulgaria – Allied bombing raid on Sofia (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Sofia_in_World_War_II

1944 – Germany – Allied bombing raid on Nuremberg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Austria – Soviet forces invaded (WWII).

1945 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Hamburg, Bremen & Wilhelmshaven (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1946 – Greece – Greek Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_Civil_War

1949 – Iceland – Icelandic NATO Riot in Reykjavík. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1949_anti-NATO_riot_in_Iceland

1952 – Philippines – Philippines Air Lines plane crashed at Baguio-Loakan Airport, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520330-0

1954 – USA – USAF plane crashed at Fayetteville-Pope AFB, NC, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540330-0

1954 – Canada – Yonge Street subway line opened in Toronto. http://transit.toronto.on.ca/subway/5102.shtml

1965 – Vietnam – Car bomb exploded at US Embassy, Saigon, 22 killed (Vietnam War). https://youtu.be/TgY4xOn8kvc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/bomb-explodes-outside-u-s-embassy-in-Saigon

1972 – South Vietnam – Easter Offensive began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Offensive

1979 – UK – MP Airey Neave killed by car bomb at Westminster. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/30/newsid_2783000/2783877.stm


1981 – USA – Attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan in Washington DC. https://youtu.be/Blui8y3N1VA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/30/newsid_2530000/2530913.stm

2006 – UK – Terrorism Act 2006 became law. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2006/11/contents

2009 – Pakistan – Gunmen attacked the Manawan Police Academy, Lahore, 16 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/7972565.stm

York

1571 – Bernard Siegfred was executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1577 – Robert Scheverel, John de Tradescant and George Masson were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1594 – Richard Craw was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1603 – William Penalton, Harris Rosenberg and John de Viner were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1661 – Peter Hall and R. Gardener were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1694 – John Collens was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1696 – Arthur Mangey was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1757 – Mary Ellah was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1775 – Captain John Bolton, William Bean, John Vickers and Matthew Normington were  executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1795 – Charles Elliott was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1829 – Martin Slack was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1833 – Mary Hunter, Ebenezer Wright and Thomas Law were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1972 – Queen Elizabeth II distributed Maundy Money at York Minster. http://www.yorkpress.co.uk/indepth/queens_visit/