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3 March

468 – Rome – Simplicius became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Simplicius

473 – Roman Empire – Glycerius became Roman Emperor (west). http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/glycerius.html

724 – Japan – Empress Genshō abdicated, Shōmu became Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empress_Gensh%C5%8D  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Sh%C5%8Dmu

1284 – England/Wales – Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated Principality of Wales into England. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statute_of_Rhuddlan

1431 – Rome – Cardinal Gabriele Condulmer became Pope Eugene IV. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Eugene_IV

1575 – Western Bengal – Battle of Tukaroi Mughal Conquest). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tukaroi

1605 – Rome – Pope Clement VIII died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_VIII

1776 – America – Battle of the Rice boats ended (American Revolutionary War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Rice_Boats

1776 – USA – Battle of Nassau began (American Revolutionary War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nassau

1779 – USA – Battle of Brier Creek (American Revolutionary War). http://www.revolutionarywararchives.org/49march1779.html

1799 – Greece – Siege of Corfu ended (War of Second Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Corfu_(1798%E2%80%9399)

1799 – Ottoman Empire – Siege of Jaffa began (Egypt-Syrian Campaign). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jaffa

1845 – USA – Florida became 27th State. http://www.50states.com/florida.htm

1857 – UK/France – Declared war on China (Second Opium War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Opium_War

1859 – USA – The Great Slave Auction ended. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/slaveauction.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Slave_Auction

1865 – Hong Kong – Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corporation opened. http://www.hsbc.com/about-hsbc/company-history/hsbc-history

1878 – Ottoman Empire/Russian Empire – Russo-Turkish War ended with signing of San Stefano Treaty. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-Turkish_War_(1877%E2%80%9378) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_San_Stefano

1878 – Bulgaria – Independence from Ottoman Empire.

1885 – USA – American Telephone and Telegraph Company started in New York. http://www.corp.att.com/history/history1.html

1901 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre in Parkfield, California. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1901_03_03.php


1913 – USA – Suffrage parade in Washington DC. https://youtu.be/bi3mxt1Xhyk http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/awhhtml/aw01e/aw01e.html


1915 – USA – NACA founded. https://youtu.be/XTWoXCm_hek http://history.nasa.gov/naca/overview.html

1918 – Ukraine – Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Brest-Litovsk

1923 – USA – TIME Magazine first published. http://content.time.com/time/magazine/0,9263,7601230303,00.html

1931 – USA – ‘Star Spangled Banner’ became national anthem. http://amhistory.si.edu/starspangledbanner/national-anthem.aspx

1932 – China – January 28 Incident ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_28_Incident

1938 – Saudi Arabia – Oil discovered.

1938 – UK – Mallard locomotive built in Doncaster. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LNER_Class_A4_4468_Mallard

1939 – India – Mohandas Gandhi began fast in Mumbai. http://www.mahatma.com/index.php

1940 – Sweden – Arson attack on Newspaper Norrkensfalmman offices in Luleå, 5 killed.

1940 – France – Air France plane crashed near Orange, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400303-0

1942 – Burma – Battle of Pegu began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pegu


1942 – Australia – Attack on Broome, 100 killed (WWII). https://youtu.be/wxOh7VbglNg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.awm.gov.au/exhibitions/underattack/bombed/broome.asp

1942 – Australia – KNILM Douglas DC-3 shot down by Japanese fighters, crashed near Broome, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420303-10


1943 – UK – 173 killed in crush while trying to enter air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station, London (WWII). https://youtu.be/9tiTf_ZYBNA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.stairwaytoheavenmemorial.org/gpage5.html

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1945 – Philippines – Manila recaptured by American and Filipino troops (WWII). https://youtu.be/UdfxZrqvq1c WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Manila_(1945)

1945 – Poland – Pawlokoma Massacre (WWII). http://www.desertwar.net/pawlokoma-massacre.html

1945 – Netherlands – RAF accidentally bombed Bezuidenhout region in The Hague, 522 killed (WWII). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_the_Bezuidenhout

1945 – India – USAAF plane crashed at Ledo, 27 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450303-0

1946 – USA – American Airlines Flight 6-103 crashed at Thing Mountain, CA, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460303-0

1952 – France – Air France plane crashed near Nice-le Var Airport, 38 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520303-0

1953 – Pakistan – Canadian Pacific Airlines plane crashed in Karachi International Airport, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530303-1

1954 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Pembroke Dock, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540303-0

1958 – Iraq – Nuri as-Said became Prime Minister (14th time). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuri_al-Said

1969 – USA – Apollo 9 launched. https://youtu.be/oLYHQy4RVqY http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo9.html

1972 – USA – Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 crashed near Albany Airport, NY, 17 killed. http://www.gendisasters.com/new-york/5956/albany-ny-plane-crashes-houses-landing-attempt-mar-1972 http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19720303-0

1973 – USSR – Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Flight 307 crashed at Moskva-Sheremetyevo Airport, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730303-1


1974 – France – Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashed at Bois d’Ermenonville, 346 killed. https://youtu.be/olUQE8uFOEo WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19740303-1

1985 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 7.8Mw, epicentre in Valparaíso, 177 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1985_03_03.php

1991 – USA – United Airlines Flight 585 crashed near Colorado Springs, 25 killed.


1991 – USA – United Airlines Flight 585 crashed near Colorado Springs, 25 killed. https://youtu.be/0wpbp6CoVKQ WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19910303-0

2002 – Afghanistan – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Hindu Kush region, 166 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/year/2002/2002_03_03.php

2004 – Belgium/Brazil – Brewers Interbrew and Ambev merge as InBev. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/InBev

2005 – Canada – Mayerthorpe Incident. http://murderpedia.org/male.R/r/roszko-james.htm

2009 – Germany – Historical Archive of Cologne collapsed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_Archive_of_the_City_of_Cologne

2012 – Poland – Two trains crashed at Szczekociny, 16 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17248735

2013 – Pakistan – Karachi Bombing, 45 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21651956

YORK

2011 – “The Great Lost Library of Alcuin’s York” exhibition opened at Minster Library. http://www.york.ac.uk/news-and-events/features/lost-library/