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29 March

537 – Rome – Vigilius became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Vigilius

845 – France – Siege of Paris (Viking Expansion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Paris_(845)

1058 – Rome – Pope Stephen IX died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Stephen_IX


1461 – England – Battle of Towton (Wars of the Roses). https://youtu.be/jvvhtIx2DRc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/warsoftheroses/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=46

1549 – Brazil – Salvador de Bahia founded. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/309

1632 – France – Treaty of Saint Germaine-en-Laye signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Saint-Germain-en-Laye_(1632)

1638 – America – Swedish colonist settled in New Sweden (Delaware). http://www.colonialswedes.org/History/History.html

1683 – Japan – Yaoya Oshichi burnt at stake for arson. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaoya_Oshichi

1780 – USA – Siege of Charleston began (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Charleston

1792 – Sweden – Gustav III died, Gustav IV Adolf became king. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_III_of_Sweden

1809 – Sweden – Gustav IV Adolf abdicated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_IV_Adolf_of_Sweden

1831 – Bosnia – Great Bosnian Uprising began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosnian_Uprising_(1831%E2%80%9332)#Defeat_at_Battle_of_Stup


1847 – Mexico – Siege of Veracruz ended (Mexican-American War).  https://youtu.be/LJXYWrZWdWY  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Veracruz


1865 – USA – Appomattox Campaign began (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/etQgePj1KrY https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appomattox_Campaign

1867 – UK – North American Act received Royal Assent. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Vict/30-31/3

1871– UK – Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria. http://www.royalalberthall.com/about/history-and-archives/timeline.aspx

1879 – South Africa – Battle of Khambula (Anglo-Zulu War). http://www.britishbattles.com/zulu-war/khambula.htm

1882 – USA – Knights of Columbus established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knights_of_Columbus

1941 – Greece – Battle of Cape Matapan ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cape_Matapan

1942 – Germany – Bombing of Lübeck by RAF (WWII). http://ww2today.com/29th-march-1942-raf-bomb-the-medieval-city-of-lubeck

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Sanford, NC, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440329-2

1945 – Prussia – Heilingenbeil Pocket ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heiligenbeil_Pocket

1945 – Italy – USAAF plane crashed at Pomigliano Airfield, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450329-2

1946 – Mexico – Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de Mexico founded. http://www.itam.mx/en/acerca/historia/historia.php

1946 – Myanmar – Two RAF planes crashed near Sinhkung, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460329-1  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460329-2

1946 – Myanmar – RAF plane crashed near Bina, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460329-3

1947 – Madagascar – Malagasy began. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malagasy_Uprising

1951 – South Korea – USAF plane crashed near Hongchon, 1 killed (Korean War). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510329-0

1952 – Venezuela – TACA plane crashed near San Felipe Airport, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520329-0

1953 – Tanzania – Central African Airways plane crashed at Mkwaya, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530329-0

1954 – Spain – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw.

1955 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Hucknall Airport, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550329-1

1957 – USA – Final run of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway. http://www.american-rails.com/new-york-ontario-and-western-railway.html

1961 – USA – 23rd Amendment ratified. http://americanhistory.about.com/od/usconstitution/a/23rd-Amendment.htm

1962 – Argentina – President Arturo Frondizi overthrown by military coup. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arturo_Frondizi

1972 – Laos – Operation Commando Hunt ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Commando_Hunt

1973 – Laos – Operation Barrel Roll ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Barrel_Roll


1974 – China – Terracotta Army discovered by farmers in Lintong District. https://youtu.be/FaiPtZrtuJA  http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/terra-cotta-soldiers-on-the-march-30942673/

1979 – Canada – Quebecair Flight 225 crashed at Quebec City, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19790329-0

1982 – UK – Canada Act 1982 received Royal Assent. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/91834/Canada-Act

2001 – USA – Avjet Corp plane crashed near Aspen Airport, CO, 18 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20010329-0

2002 – West Bank – Operation Defensive Shield began (Second Intifada). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Defensive_Shield

2003 – Iraq – Battle of Nasiriyah ended (Invasion of Iraq). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nasiriyah

2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia – Joined NATO.

2004 – Republic of Ireland – Banned smoking in all work places. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1324912/

2010 – Russia – Moscow Metro bombing system, 40 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8592190.stm


2013 – Tanzania – Dar es Salaam building collapsed, 36 killed. https://youtu.be/9K8AC9lQ68I https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Dar_es_Salaam_building_collapse

2013 – China – Gyama Mine landslide, 66 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Gyama_Mine_landslide

York

1605 – Elizabeth Cook was executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1615 – Mark Trumble and Robert Martinson were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1636 – Owen Thompson and Elizabeth Mary Harrison were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1659 – Charles Spooner was executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1670 – Edward Rocliffe, Peter B Sharp and Richard Wadkins were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1731 – Benjamin Armitt, John Ward and James Wood were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1776 – Elizabeth Bordington (Boardingham) and Thomas Akerman (Aikney) were executed at Tyburn Gallows. (or 20 March). http://www.yorkcastleprison.org.uk/family-history/condemned/boardingham  http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/georgian/elizabeth-boardingham

1784 – John Stewart and Benjamin Wood were executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf