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28 March

193 – Roman Empire –  Pertinax assassinated, Caesar Marcus Didius Severus Julianaus Augustus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/pertinax.html      http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/julianus.html

364 – Roman Empire – Flavius Julius Valens Augustus appointed Co-Roman Emperor (east). http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/valens-index.html

1285 – Rome – Pope Martin IV died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Martin_IV

1566 – Malta – Foundation stone of Valletta laid by Jean Parisot de Valette. http://www.cityofvalletta.org/content.aspx?id=46634

1783 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 6.9, epicentre in Calabria, 35,000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1783_Calabrian_earthquakes

1809 – Spain – Battle of Medellin (Peninular War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Medell%C3%ADn

1854 – France – Declared war on Russia (Crimean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimean_War

1860 – New Zealand – Battle of Waireka began (First Taranaki War). http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-Cow01NewZ-c19.html


1862 – USA – Battle of Glorieta Pass ended (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/NKfHUsHpKB8 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/glorieta-pass.html

1871 – France – Paris Commune formally established. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Commune

1883 – North Vietnam – Battle of Gia Cuc ended (Tonkin Campaign). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gia_Cuc

1910 – France – Flight of first seaplane (Fabre Hydravion) by Henry Fabre near Martigues. http://www.ctie.monash.edu.au/hargrave/fabre.html


1920 – USA – Palm Sunday Tornado outbreak, 380 killed. https://youtu.be/oj9jfW97DBE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1920_Palm_Sunday_tornado_outbreak

1930 – Turkey – Constantinople became Istanbul and Angora became Ankara.

1933 – Belgium – Imperial Airways plane crashed near Diksmuide, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19330328-0  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1933_Imperial_Airways_Diksmuide_crash

1939 – Spain – Siege of Madrid ended (Spanish Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Madrid

1941 – South Africa – SAA plane crashed at Elands Bay, Western Cape, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410328-0

1945 – UK – RAF plane crashed near Irvine, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450328-5

1945 – UK – Last day of V1 flying bomb attacks (WWII). http://www.flyingbombsandrockets.com/

1949 – Baltic States – Operation Priboi ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Priboi

1950 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near Komaki Air Base, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500328-1

1950 – Canada – USAF plane crashed near Rockcliffe RCAF Station, ON, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500328-3

1950 – France – SEMAF plane crashed off Cap Ferret, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500328-5

1951 – Vietnam – Battle of Mao Khe ended (First Indochina War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_M%E1%BA%A1o_Kh%C3%AA

1954 – Norway – RNoAF plane crashed at Bear Island, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540328-0

1960 – USA – First permanent star plaque installed in Hollywood Walk of Fame. http://projects.latimes.com/hollywood/star-walk/stanley-kramer/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood_Walk_of_Fame

1961 – West Germany – CSA Flight 511 crashed near Nürnburg, 52 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19610328-0

1965 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in La Ligua, 280 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1965_03_28.php

1968 – Brazil – Student Edson Luís de Lima Souto shot by police during protest. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Lu%C3%ADs_de_Lima_Souto

1969 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw, epicentre in Alasehir, Manisa, 53 killed.

1970 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Gediz, Kütahya, 1,086 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970_Gediz_earthquake

1979 – USA – Partial melt down of nuclear reactor at Three Mile Island, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/28/newsid_2734000/2734499.stm

1979 – UK – House of Commons passed vote of no confidence against James Callaghan’s government. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/28/newsid_2531000/2531007.stm

1994 – South Africa – Zulu and African National Congress supporters battled in Johannesburg, 18 killed.

1994 – UK – BBC Radio 5 became BBC Radio 5 Live. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BBC_Radio_5_(former)

1999 – Kosovo – Izbica massacre, 146 killed (Kosovo War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Izbica_massacre

1999 – India – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Uttar Pradesh, 103 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_Chamoli_earthquake

2000 – USA – School bus hit by freight train in Murray County, Georgia, 3 killed. http://articles.latimes.com/2000/mar/29/news/mn-13801  http://www.ntsb.gov/news/events/Pages/Collision_of_CSX_Freight_Train_and_Murray_County_School_District_School_Bus_at_RailroadHighway_Grade_Crossing_in_Conasauga.aspx

2005 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 8.6Mw, epicentre in Nias region, 1,303 killed. http://www.drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami2005ndonesia.html

2006 – France – Protest against proposed First Employment Contract law. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_youth_protests_in_France

York

1587 – Frederick de Alcyonius, Richard de Aldrich and William de Malcolm were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1688 – Quinton Hurworth, William Pashley and Robert Myers were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1808 – Thomas Allington was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf