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23 March

687BCE – China – Meteor shower observed. http://www.phenomena.org.uk

752 – Rome – Stephen elected Pope (not consecrated – died three days later). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope-elect_Stephen

893 – Iran – Earthquake, epicentre in Ardabil, estimated 150,000 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/893_Ardabil_earthquake

1540 – England – Waltham Abbey closed during Dissolution of the Monasteries. http://the-ringing-isle.blogspot.co.uk/2013/02/the-last-abbey-waltham.html

1555 – Rome – Pope Julius III died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Julius_III

1568 – France – Peace of Longjumeau signed (French Wars of Religion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_Longjumeau

1757 – India – Battle of Chandannagar. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chandannagar

1801 – Russia – Tsar Paul I assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_I_of_Russia

1821 – Greece – Battle of Kalamata (Greek War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kalamata

1848 – New Zealand – First Scottish settlers for Dunedin arrived at Port Chalmer on ship John Wickliffe.  Otago province founded. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/the-em-john-wickliffe-em-anchors-at-port-chalmers   http://www.ngaiopress.com/wickliff.htm

1848 – Italy – First Italian War of Independence began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Italian_War_of_Independence

1849 – Italy – Battle of Novara ended (First Italian War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Novara_(1849)

1862 – USA – First Battle of Kernstown. http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/kernstown.html

1868 – USA – University of California founded at Oakland. http://www.berkeley.edu/about/history-discoveries

1879 – Bolivia – Battle of Topáter (War of the Pacific). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Top%C3%A1ter

1881 – South Africa – First Boer War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Boer_War

1885 – Vietnam – Battle of Phu Lam Tao (Sino-French War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Phu_Lam_Tao

1888 – England – First meeting of Football League. http://www.historicalkits.co.uk/English_Football_League/season/1888-89.htm

1889 – India – The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community established in Qadian. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmadiyya

1933 – Germany – Enabling Act passed making Adolf Hitler dictator. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enabling_Act_of_1933

1937 – Spain – Battle of Guadalajara ended (Spanish Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Guadalajara

1938 – France – Air France plane crashed at French Pyrénées, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380323-0

1939 – Slovakia – Slovakian-Hungarian War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovak%E2%80%93Hungarian_War

1942 – Burma – Battle of Oktwin ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Oktwin

1942 – Adaman Islands – Captured by Japanese forces (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=190

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Dortmund (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – UK – BOAC plane crashed at Poole Harbour, Dorset, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430323-2

1946 – Indean Ocean – Qantas plane missing between Sri Lanka & Cocos Islands, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460323-0

1946 – Philippines – USAAF plane crashed at Banahao Mountain, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460323-2

1950 – USA – USAF plane crashed at Rome-Griffiss AFB, NY, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500323-0

1951 – South Korea – USAF plane crashed, 2 killed (Korean War). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510323-1

1951 – Vietnam – Battle of Mao Khe began (First Indochina War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_M%E1%BA%A1o_Kh%C3%AA

1951 – Ireland – USAF plane crashed off Shannon, 53 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510323-0

1962 – USA – NS Savannah launched. http://www.marad.dot.gov/ships_shipping_landing_page/ns_savannah_home/ns_savannah_home.htm


1965 – USA – Gemini 3 launched. https://youtu.be/qElqqxPH5Fw http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1965-024A

1978 – Lebanon – First UNIFIL troops arrived for peacekeeping mission. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Interim_Force_in_Lebanon

1982 – Guatemala – President Fernando Romeo Lucas Garcia overthrown. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Romeo_Lucas_Garc%C3%ADa

1991 – Sierra Leone – Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sierra_Leone_Civil_War


1994 – Russia – Aeroflot Flight 593 crashed near Mezhduretshensk, 75 killed. https://youtu.be/960MV7svEDY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19940323-0

1994 – USA – Two US air force planes crashed at Fayettevill-Pope Air Force Base, NC, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19940323-2  http://www3.gendisasters.com/north-carolina/19140/pope-air-force-base-nc-green-ramp-disaster-jet-transport-collide-mar-1994

1996 – Taiwan – Lee Teng-hui became President. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/334627/Lee-Teng-hui

2003 – Iraq – Battle of Nasiriyah began (Invasion of Iraq). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nasiriyah


2005 – USA – Texas City Refinery explosion, 15 killed. https://youtu.be/C5mcaWRwpgg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.csb.gov/bp-america-refinery-explosion/

2007 – Somalia – Transaviaexport Airlines plane hit by surface to air missile near Mogadishu, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20070323-0


2009 – Japan – FedEx Express Flight 80 crashed at Narita International Airport, Tokyo, 2 killed. https://youtu.be/J1W_1GwEGZ0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20090323-0

York

1616 – Thomas Pindham was executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1743 – Archbishop Lancelot Blackburn died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lancelot_Blackburne

1789 – George Lockey was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1829 – Pre- trial hearing of Jonathan Martin at County Court, who started the fire in the Choir of the Minster.