***
Download the latest Newsletter for FREE**** Check Out the NEW Talks Available

20 March

44BCE – Roman Republic – Funeral of Julius Caesar. http://www.livius.org/sources/content/appian/appian-caesars-funeral/

235 – Roman Empire – Caesar Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Augustus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/maximinus.html

1191 – Rome – Pope Clement III died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_III

1413 – England – Henry IV died, aged 45. Henry V became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry4  http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry5

1600 – Sweden – Linköping Bloodbath. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Link%C3%B6ping_Bloodbath

1602 – Netherlands – Dutch East India Company founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company

1616 – England – Sir Walter Raleigh freed from Tower of London after 13 years imprisonment. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Raleigh

1677 – Spanish Netherlands – Siege of Cambrai began (Franco-Dutch War).

1760 – USA – Second Great Fire of Boston, Massachusetts, 349 buildings destroyed. http://www.bostonfirehistory.org/historybostonbefore1859.html

1799 – Israel – Siege of Acre began (French Invasion of Egypt). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Acre_(1799)

1814 – France – Battle of Arcis-sur Aube began (War of the Sixth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Arcis-sur-Aube

1848 – Bavaria – King Ludwix I abdicated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_I_of_Bavaria

1852 – USA – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ published. https://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/utc/

1854 – USA – Republican Party established in Ripon, Wisconsin. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republican_Party_(United_States)

1861 – Argentina – Earthquake destroyed Mendoza. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1861_Mendoza_earthquake

1883 – France – Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Convention_for_the_Protection_of_Industrial_Property

1922 – USA – USS Langley commissioned as first US Navy aircraft carrier. http://www.navsource.org/archives/02/01.htm  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Langley_(CV-1)

1933 – USA – Giuseppe Zangara executed. http://murderpedia.org/male.Z/z/zangara-giuseppe.htm

1942 – Burma – Battle of Oktwin began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Oktwin

1944 – Burma – Battle of Sangshak began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sangshak

1945 – Burma – Mandalay liberated by British troops (WWII). http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma

1947 – Ethiopia – USAAF plane crashed near Dessie, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470320-2

1951 – Japan – Fujiyoshida founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fujiyoshida,_Yamanashi

1953 – USA – Transocean Air Lines Flight 942 crashed near Alvarado, CA, 35 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530320-1

1955 – USA – American Airlines Flight 711 crashed near Springfield, MO, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550320-1

1969 – Egypt – A United Arab Airlines plane crashed at Aswan International Airport, 100 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690320-0

1972 – Northern Ireland – Donegall Street bombing in Belfast, 7 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Donegall_Street_bombing


1974 – UK – Attempted kidnap of Princess Ann and Captain Mark Phillips in the Mall, London. https://youtu.be/CXoyjpeEH_o http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/20/newsid_2524000/2524489.stm

1982 – Indonesia – Garuda plane crashed at Bandar Lampung-Branti Airport, 27 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19820320-1

1988 – Eritrea – Battle of Afabet ended (Eritrean War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Afabet

1993 – UK – IRA bomb in Warrington, 2 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warrington_bomb_attacks

1995 – Tokyo – Gas attack on subway, 12 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokyo_subway_sarin_attack

1999 – USA – Legoland opend in Carlsbad, California. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legoland_California_Resort

2003 – Iraq – Iraq War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_War

2003 – Iraq – Invasion of Iraq began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_invasion_of_Iraq

2003 – Iraq – Al Anbar Campaign began (Iraq War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_War_in_Anbar_Province

2005 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 6.6Mw, epicentre in Fukuoka Prefecture, 1 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2005/usvwac/

2008 – China – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Xinjiang-Xizang. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2008/us2008pvcl/

2012 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw. Epicentre Oaxaca region, 2 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2012/usc0008m6h/

2012 – Iraq – Car bombs exploded in various cities, 52 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-17441751

2014 – Afghanistan – Serena Hotel attack, Kabul, 9 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-26675253

York

1357 – The Company of Merchant Adventurers of York granted a charter of incorporation. http://www.theyorkcompany.co.uk/the_company.php

1642 – Lord Mayor, Edward Cooper, knighted by Charles I.

1678 – Mark Dovenor was executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1776 – Elizabeth Bordington (Boardingham) and Thomas Akerman (Aikney) were executed at Tyburn Gallows. (or 29 March). http://www.yorkcastleprison.org.uk/family-history/condemned/boardingham  http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/georgian/elizabeth-boardingham

1781 – William Meyers Esq was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1809 – James Brown and Mary Bateman were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

2011 – 14th York Festival of Science & Technology finished.