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2 March

537 – Roman Empire – Siege of Rome began. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Rome_(537%E2%80%9338)

1458 – Bohemia – George of Poděbrady became king. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_of_Pod%C4%9Bbrady

1476 – Switzerland – Battle of Grandson (Burgundian Wars). http://burnpit.us/2014/03/battle-grandson-swiss-army-defeats-burgundians-under-charles-bold

1484 – England – College of Arms formerly incorporated by Royal Charter. http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/about/06.htm

1657 – Japan – Great Fire of Meireki. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Fire_of_Meireki

1776 – America – Battle of the Rice boats began (American Revolutionary War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Rice_Boats

1780 – USA – Battle of Fort Charlotte began (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Charlotte

1791 – France – Semaphore machine unveiled in Paris. http://www.lowtechmagazine.com/2007/12/email-in-the-18.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semaphore_line

1797 – Britain – Bank of England issued first £1 and £2 bank notes. http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/banknotes/Pages/about/history.aspx

1807 – USA – US Congress passed Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/sl004.asp

1808 – Scotland – First meeting of Wernerian Natural History Society held in Edinburgh. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wernerian_Natural_History_Society

1811 – Argentina – Battle of San Nicolás (Argentine War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_San_Nicol%C3%A1s

1815 – Sri Lanka – Kandyan Convention Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kandyan_Convention

1825 – Caribbean Sea – Capture of the Anne. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capture_of_the_Anne


1836 – Texas – Declaration of Independence from Mexico. https://youtu.be/TOo0FxktiPA https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_Declaration_of_Independence

1855 – Russia – Alexander II became Tsar. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_II_of_Russia

1861 – Russia – Serfdom abolished. http://www.historytoday.com/michael-lynch/emancipation-russian-serfs-1861-charter-freedom-or-act-betrayal

1864 – USA – Dahlgren Affair (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dahlgren_Affair

1865 – New Zealand – Volkner Incident (East Cape War). http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/classroom/the-classroom/historic-events-activities/the-death-of-volkner-classroom-activities

1882 – UK – Attempted assassination of Queen Victoria by Roderick McLean in Windsor. http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2013/mar/04/queen-victoria-assassination-attempt-1882

1885 – Vietnam – Battle of Hòa Môc (Sino-French War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_H%C3%B2a_M%E1%BB%99c

1901 – USA – U.S. Steel Corporation founded. https://www.ussteel.com/uss/portal/home/aboutus/history  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Steel

1903 – USA – Martha Washington Hotel opened exclusively for women, in New York. http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/2428.pdf

1917 – USA – Puerto Ricans granted US citizenship. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jones%E2%80%93Shafroth_Act

1921 – India – Handley Page Indo-Burmese Transport plane crashed in Meerut. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19210302-0

1933 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw, epicentre in Tōhuku region, 2,990 killed.

1939 – Rome – Cardinal Eugenio Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli became Pope Pius XIII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_XII


1943 – Pacific Ocean – Battle of Bismarck Sea began (WWII). https://youtu.be/cgone_pq1tc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bismarck_Sea

1945 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Köln (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1948 – France – STA plane crashed off Perpignan, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480302-1

1948 – UK – Sabena plane crashed at London-Heathrow Airport, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480302-0

1949 – USA – First automatic street light installed in New Milford, Connecticut. http://www.historyandheadlines.com/march-2-1949-magic-light-night-right/


1949 – USA – James Gallagher completed the first non-stop around the world flight. https://youtu.be/OXf1fSiOYPs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucky_Lady_II

1951 – USA – Mid Continental Airlines Flight 16 crashed at Sioux City, IA, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510302-0

1955 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Boscombe Down RAF Station, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550302-0

1955 – Cambodia – Norodom Sihanouk abdicated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norodom_Sihanouk

1965 – Vietnam – Operation Rolling Thunder began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Rolling_Thunder


1969 – France – First test flight of Concorde in Toulouse. http://youtu.be/nXVxLGs5yFk http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/2/newsid_2514000/2514535.stm

1970 – Rhodesia – Declared a Republic.


1972 – USA – Pioneer 10 space probe launched. https://youtu.be/fdn9fXtgH28 http://www.nasa.gov/topics/history/features/Pioneer_10_40th_Anniversary.html

1978 – Kazakhstan – Soyuz 28 Launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_28

1991 – Iraq – Battle of Rumalia (Gulf War Aftermath). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rumaila

1992 – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, San Marino,  Tajikistan, Turkmenistan &  Uzbekistan – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/

2004 – Iraq – Ashoura Massacre, 170 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/3524589.stm

2005 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Banda Sea.

2012 – USA – Tornadoes in Southern states, 40 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_2%E2%80%933,_2012_tornado_outbreak

York

1882 – Funeral of George Leeman.