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18 March

37 – Roman Empire – Caligula, Gaius Caesar Augustus Germenicus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/emperors/caligula.html

418 – Rome – Zosimus became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Zosimus

978 – England – Saint Edward the Martyr assassinated, aged about 16. Æthelred the Unready became king, aged 10.(first reign)http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edwardmartyr  http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=ethelred2

1068 – Western Asia – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, 20,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1068_Near_East_earthquake

1227 – Rome – Pope Honorius III died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Honorius_III

1241 – Poland – Battle of Chmielnik (Mongol Invasion of Poland). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chmielnik

1314 – France – Jacques de Molay, Grand Master of the Knights Templar, burned at stake. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_de_Molay

1438 – Holy Roman Empire – Albert II of Habsburg became Holy Roman Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_II_of_Germany

1608 – Ethiopia – Susenyos crowned Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susenyos_I

1644 – America – Third Anglo-Powhatan War began. http://www.virginiaplaces.org/nativeamerican/thirdanglopowhatan.html

1741 – America – New York Conspiracy began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Conspiracy_of_1741

1766 – GB – The Stamp Act was repealed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamp_Act_1765#Repeal


1834 – GB – 6 farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset transported to Australia for forming trade union. https://youtu.be/XvLyEoYmTaE http://www.tolpuddlemartyrs.org.uk/index.php?page=martyr-s-story


1839 – China – First Opium War began. https://youtu.be/fgQahGsYokU http://www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/opiumwars/opiumwars1.html


1850 – USA – American Express founded. https://youtu.be/AYDX-e1wBHc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Express

1861 – New Zealand – First Taranaki War ended. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/taranaki-wars

1913 – Greece – George I assassinated in Thessaloniki. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_I_of_Greece

1915 – Ottoman Empire – First Naval Attacks of Dardanelles Campaign ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_operations_in_the_Dardanelles_Campaign

1915 – Ottoman Empire – Second Naval Attacks of Dardanelles Campaign began (WWI). http://www.britishbattles.com/the-gallipoli-campaign-part-i-the-naval-attack-on-the-dardanelles/

1921 – Latvia – Peace of Riga signed, ending Polish-Soviet War. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_Riga  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish%E2%80%93Soviet_War


1925 – USA – Tornado hit Missouri, Illinois and Indiana, 695 killed. https://youtu.be/M3dbojUnl5I WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tri-State_Tornado

1936 – USA – Pittsburgh flood. https://youtu.be/FJyKeyyU8xk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.gendisasters.com/pennsylvania/13340/pittsburgh-pa-area-flood-mar-1936


1937 – USA – New London School, Texas, explosion, 300 killed. https://youtu.be/aKt01p3DJRw  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_London_School_explosion

1939 – USA – Boeing plane crashed near Alder, WA, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19390318-0

1942 – USA – War Relocation Authority established (WWII).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Relocation_Authority

1943 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Vegasack (WWII).

1944 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Hamburg (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – China – USAAF plane crashed near Loshan, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440318-3


1944 – Italy – Mount Vesuvius erupted, 26 killed. https://youtu.be/1bsmv6PyKs0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://geology.com/volcanoes/vesuvius/

1945 – Germany – American bombers attacked Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1947 – Sri Lanka – RAF plane crashed near Negombo RAF Station, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470318-0

1949 – New Zealand – NAC plane crashed near Paraparaumu Airport, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490318-0

1953 – Germany – KVP plane crashed near Cottbus-Drewitz Airport, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530318-2

1953 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Yenice, Canakkale, 1070 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Yenice%E2%80%93G%C3%B6nen_earthquake

1955 – France – Air France plane crashed at Beauvais-Tillé Airport, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550318-0

1962 – France – Évian Accords signed (Algerian War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89vian_Accords

1966 – Egypt – United Arab Airlines Flight 749 crashed near Cairo, 30 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19660318-0


1967 – UK – SS Torrey Canyon oil spill. https://youtu.be/IV-EhBesVjg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-39223308

1969 – Cambodia – Operation Menu began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Menu

1971 – Peru – Landslide into Lake Yanahuani, 200 killed. http://blogs.agu.org/landslideblog/2009/03/18/38-years-ago-today-the-chungar-landslide-in-peru/

1975 – Vietnam – Battle of Ban Me Thuo ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ban_Me_Thuot

1980 – USSR – Explosion at Plesetsk Cosmodrome, 50 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/09/28/world/1980-soviet-rocket-accident-killed-50.html

1989 – Egypt – Mummy found at Great Pyramid of Cheops. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/03/19/world/4400-year-old-mummy-unearthed-smiling.html

1992 – South Africa – Voters voted to end Apartheid.

1994 – USA – Washington Agreement signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Agreement

1996 – Philippines – Fire at Ozone Disco Club, Quezon City, 162 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ozone_Disco_Club_fire

1997 – Russia – Stavropolskaya Aktsionernaya Avia Flight 1023 crashed at Cherkessk, 50 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19970318-0

2002 – USA – Paralympic VIII Winter Games Closing Ceremony in Salt Lake City. http://www.paralympic.org/salt-lake-city-2002

2002 – Afghanistan – Operation Anaconda ended (War in Afghanistan). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Anaconda

2004 – Kosovo – Unrest in Kosovo ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo

2015 – Tunisia – Bardo National Museum Attack, 24 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bardo_National_Museum_attack

York

1762 – George Harger was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1771 – Luke Atkinson and John Wright were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1805 – John Wilkinson and Ann Heywood were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1915 – Train derailed at Chaloner’s Whin Junction, during snow storm. http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/eventsummary.php?eventID=434