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12 March

417 – Rome – Pope Innocent I died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_I

538 – Roman Empire – Siege of Rome ended. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Rome_(537%E2%80%9338)

604 – Pope Gregory I died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_I

1088 – Rome – Odo of Lagery became Pope Urban II. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Urban_II

1550 – Chile – Battle of Penco (Arauco War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Penco


1689 – Ireland – Williamite War began. https://youtu.be/PEfmjCcSUcE  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williamite_War_in_Ireland

1811 – Portugal – Battle of Redinha (Peninsular War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Redinha

1868 – Australia – Attempted assassination of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh by Henry O’Farrell. http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/photograph/34656/attempted-assassination-of-the-duke-of-edinburgh-henry-james-ofarrell

1894 – USA – Coca-Cola bottled and sold for first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi by Joseph Biedenharn. http://www.biedenharncoca-colamuseum.com/mural.htm

1912 – USA – Girl Guides founded. http://www.wagggs.org/en/about/guidingscouting/guidinghistory


1912 – USA – Lawrence Textile Strike ended. https://youtu.be/2xKnqhGpc8M   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1912_Lawrence_textile_strike


1913 – Australia – New capital officially named Canberra, although still under construction. http://youtu.be/Px7vFz9HIK0  http://www.nma.gov.au/online_features/defining_moments/featured/founding_of_canberra

1918 – Russia – Moscow became capital again. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Moscow


1928 – USA – St. Francis Dam, California broke, caused flooding, 600+ killed. http://youtu.be/FbGban_vx4w https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Francis_Dam


1930 – India – Salt March began. https://youtu.be/wj8Gf1rkJK8 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_March

1938 – Austria – Occupied by German troops.

1940 – USSR – Moscow Peace Treaty signed (Winter War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_Peace_Treaty

1942 – Java – Battle of Java ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Java_(1942)

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Steel Works, Essen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Lubbock-South Plains AAF, Texas, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430312-1

1945 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Dortmund (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Philippines – Two USAAF planes crashed near Tanauan Airfield, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450312-4

1948 – USA – Northwest Airlines Flight 4422 crashed into Mount Sanford, Alaska Territor, 30 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480312-0

1950 – UK – Fairflight plane crashed near Llandow, Wales, 80 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500312-0

1955 – Mexico – Summer II Pan American Games began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1955_Pan_American_Games

1967 – Indonesia – Suharto became Acting President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suharto


1968 – Mauritius – Independence from UK. https://youtu.be/8tV4zoHsYqU  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Mauritius


1988 – Burma – 8888 Uprising began. https://youtu.be/BFneRoJ3bGY https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8888_Uprising

1992 – Mauritius – Became a Republic.

1993 – India – Bombay Bombing, 300 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/12/newsid_4272000/4272943.stm

1994 – UK – Church or England ordained first female priests. http://www.churchofengland.org/our-views/women-bishops/the-women-priests-debate.aspx

1999 – Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland – Joined NATO.

2003 – Serbia – Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoran_%C4%90in%C4%91i%C4%87

2005 – Greece – Karolos Papoulias became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karolos_Papoulias

2006 – Italy – Paralympic IX Winter Games Opening Ceremony in Torino. http://www.paralympic.org/torino-2006

2009 – Canada – Cougar Helicopter Flight 91 ditched off Newfoundland, 17 killed. https://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=58935

2010 – Canada – Paralympic X Winter Games Opening Ceremony in Vancouver. http://www.paralympic.org/vancouver-2010

2014 – USA – East Harlem Gas Explosion, 8 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_East_Harlem_gas_explosion