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8 June

218 – Roman Empire – Battle of Antioch. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Antioch_(218)

218 – Roman Empire – Co-Emperors Marcrinus and Diadumenian executed.  Marcus Aurelius Antonius Augustus (Elagabalus) became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/elagabalus.html

536 – Rome – Silverius became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silverius


793 – England – Abbey at Lindisfarne raided by Vikings. https://youtu.be/s5yc0ve1Nww  http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/explore/dark-ages/viking-raid/

1042 – England – Harthacanute died, aged about 24, Edward the Confessor became king.  http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=harthacnut http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edwardconfessor

1776 – Canada – Battle of Trois-Rivières (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Trois-Rivi%C3%A8res


1783 – Iceland – Laki began to erupt. https://youtu.be/rPC0QgJjfWk http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/8624791.stm

1812 – UK – Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool became Prime Minister (Tory). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/robert-banks-jenkinson-earl-of-liverpool

1835 – Australia – City of Melbourne founded by John Batman (or see 29 Aug). http://www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/ABOUTMELBOURNE/HISTORY/Pages/SettlementtoCity.aspx

1862 – USA – Battle of Cross Keys (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/cross-keys.html?tab=facts

1906 – USA – Antiquities Act became law. http://www.nps.gov/archeology/sites/antiquities/about.htm

1929 – UK – Margaret Bondfield appointed Minister of Labour, first female to the Cabinet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Bondfield

1934 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, epicentre in Parkfield, California. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1934_06_08.php

1940 – Norway – Operation Alphabet completed (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Alphabet

1941 – Syria/Lebanon – Invaded by Allies (WWII).


1942 – Australia – Attacks on Sydney ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/GIK8zQG73KM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.ww2australia.gov.au/underattack/sydharbour.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Sydney_Harbour

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Essen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Atlantic Ocean – US Navy plane missing, 10 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420608-1

1943 – Sumatra – Earthquake measuring 7.2-7.5Mw, epicentre in Alahan Panjang. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1943_Alahan_Panjang_earthquakes

1943 – New Caledonia – US Navy plane crashed near Noumea-Tontouta Airport, 24 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430608-1

1944 – India – CNAC plane crashed near Dinjan Airport, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440608-1

1944 – Myanmar/India – Two USAAF planes missing, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440608-2 http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440608-3

1945 – Pacific Ocean – USAAF plane missing between Tacloban & Sansapor, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450608-0

1946 – Nigeria – RAF plane crashed near Oni, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460608-0

1953 – USA – Tornado hit Beecher, Michigan, 116 killed. http://www.crh.noaa.gov/dtx/1953beecher/facts.php

1953 – USA – US Supreme Court ruled that restaurants in Washington DC cannot refuse to serve black customers.

1954 – Vietnam – Sociétes des Transports Aériens d’Extrême-Orient plane crashed at Da Nang, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540608-0


1959 – USA – “Missile Mail” delivery attempted from USS Barbero. https://youtu.be/ShZJWwKT3ts http://www.postalmuseum.si.edu/museum/1d_RegulusMail.html

1966 – USA – Tornado hit Topeka, Kansas, 16 killed. http://www.crh.noaa.gov/top/events/66tornado.php


1982 – Falklands – Bluff Cove Air Attack, 56  killed (Falklands War). https://youtu.be/Eo0BNYGgEV4  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/8/newsid_2500000/2500607.stm

1982 – Brazil – VASP Flight 168 crashed into hillside, 137 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19820608-0

1984 – Australia – Homosexuality declared legal in New South Wales.

1987 – New Zealand – Established a National Nuclear-Free Zone. http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1987/0086/latest/whole.html

2001 – Japan – Mass stabbings at a school in Osaka Prefecture, 8 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.T/t/takuma-mamoru.htm

2007 – Australia – Newcastle hit by storms and flooding, 9 killed, and MV Pasha Bulker ran aground. http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2010/06/07/2920049.htm

2008 – Ukraine – Explosion at coal mine, 17 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/30/world/europe/30ukraine.html?_r=0

2008 – Greece – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre in Peloponnese region, 2 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7442705.stm

2008 – Japan – Akihabara Massacre, 7 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akihabara_massacre

York

1405 – Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, executed. http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/richardscrope.htm http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/thomasmowbray2.htm


1961 – Duke of Kent married Katharine Worsley at York Minster. https://youtu.be/wZ44_-9kjuQ