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4 June

1039 – Holy Roman Empire – Henry III became Holy Roman Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_III,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

1745 – Poland – Battle of Hohenfriedberg. http://www.britishbattles.com/frederick/battle-hohenfriedberg.htm


1783 – France – The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrated their hot air balloon. https://youtu.be/jjqdgbFGFiE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgolfier_brothers

1802 – Sardinia – King Charles Emmanuel IV abdicated in favour of Victor Emmanuel I. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_IV_of_Sardinia  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Emmanuel_I_of_Sardinia

1859 – Italy – Battle of Magenta (Italian Independence Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Magenta


1913 – UK – Suffragette Emily Wilding Davison stepped out in front of King George V’s horse at Epsom Derby. https://youtu.be/-W_URTWjgR0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/0/22596311

1928 – China – President Zhang Zuolin assassinated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Zuolin

1939 – USA – MS St. Louis, with 963 Jewish refugees, denied permission to land in Florida, having previously been refused entry into Cuba. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005267


1940 – France – Dunkirk Evacuation ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/h1M_DU4fVtw WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/4/newsid_3500000/3500865.stm

1942 – Midway Atoll – Battle of Midway began (WWII). https://youtu.be/1w30FkSXyTE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Midway

1943 – USSR – Soviet Air Force plane crashed at Molotov, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430604-0

1947 – France – Air France plane crashed near Gèmenos, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470604-0

1951 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Jackson, TN, 4 killed (Korean War). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510604-0

1954 – Brazil – Varig plane crashed at São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540604-0

1955 – UK – RAF plane crashed off Eastbourne, Sussex, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550604-0


1957 – USA – Dr Martin Luther King delivered “Power of Nonviolence” speech at University of California. https://youtu.be/X5HIN0TVoWA


1967 – UK – British Midland airplane crashed at Hopes Carr, Stockport, 72 killed. https://youtu.be/9h32y4gyMbA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670604-0

1969 – Mexico – Mexicana Flight 704 crashed near Salinas Victoria, 79 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690604-0

1970 – Tonga – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-16199671

1988 – USSR – Train carrying hexogen exploded in Arzamas, 91 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/06/06/world/soviet-freight-train-explodes-killing-at-least-68.html


1989 – China – Tiananmen Square Protests ended, 241 + killed. https://youtu.be/OqOQZjdYMIc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/4/newsid_2496000/2496277.stm

1989 – USSR – Two passing trains cause sparks near a leaking gas pipe, near Ufa, which exploded, 575 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/06/05/world/500-on-2-trains-reported-killed-by-soviet-gas-pipeline-explosion.html

2000 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Sumatra, 103 killed. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11589-002-0016-z

2001 – Nepal – Gyanendra became King. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyanendra_of_Nepal

2010 – USA – First SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched. http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2010/06/live-spacex-attempt1-maiden-launch-falcon-9/


2012 – UK – Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee Concert held outside Buckingham Palace. http://youtu.be/XGskYM5Ls08

2015 – Ghana – Explosion at petrol station in Accra, 256 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-33003673