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4 June

1039 – Holy Roman Empire – Henry III became Holy Roman Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_III,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

1666 – England – Four Day’s Battle ended (Second Anglo-Dutch War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Days%27_Battle

1745 – Poland – Battle of Hohenfriedberg. http://www.britishbattles.com/frederick/battle-hohenfriedberg.htm


1783 – France – The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrated their hot air balloon. https://youtu.be/jjqdgbFGFiE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgolfier_brothers

1784 – France – Élisabeth Thible became first woman to fly in untethered hot air balloon. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89lisabeth_Thible


1792 – USA – Capt. George Vancouver explored and claimed Puget Sound for GB. https://youtu.be/V6-hhNuTNcg https://www.sos.wa.gov/legacy/timeline/detail.aspx?id=16 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puget_Sound#History

1802 – Sardinia – King Charles Emmanuel IV abdicated in favour of Victor Emmanuel I. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_IV_of_Sardinia  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Emmanuel_I_of_Sardinia

1859 – Italy – Battle of Magenta (Italian Independence Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Magenta


1913 – UK – Suffragette Emily Wilding Davison stepped out in front of King George V’s horse at Epsom Derby. https://youtu.be/-W_URTWjgR0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/0/22596311

1920 – Albania – Vlora War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vlora_War

1928 – China – President Zhang Zuolin assassinated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Zuolin

1939 – USA – MS St. Louis, with 963 Jewish refugees, denied permission to land in Florida, having previously been refused entry into Cuba. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005267


1940 – France – Dunkirk Evacuation ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/ZPR5vZ7Zeqo WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/4/newsid_3500000/3500865.stm

1942 – Midway Atoll – Battle of Midway began (WWII). https://youtu.be/1w30FkSXyTE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Midway

1943 – USSR – Soviet Air Force plane crashed at Molotov, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430604-0


1944 – Atlantic Ocean – Submarine U-505 captured by US Navy (WWII). https://youtu.be/iNmVVzk8c4U WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_submarine_U-505


1944 – Italy – Rome liberated by Allied forces (WWII). https://youtu.be/SJRsUoJuvUY  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/5/newsid_3547000/3547329.stm

1947 – France – Air France plane crashed near Gèmenos, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470604-0

1951 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Jackson, TN, 4 killed (Korean War). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510604-0

1953 – USA – Operation Desert Rock V ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desert_Rock_exercises

1954 – Brazil – Varig plane crashed at São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540604-0

1955 – UK – RAF plane crashed off Eastbourne, Sussex, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550604-0


1957 – USA – Dr Martin Luther King delivered “Power of Nonviolence” speech at University of California. https://youtu.be/X5HIN0TVoWA


1961 – Germany – Berlin Crisis began. https://youtu.be/EF2-q3aejGA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2011/fall/berlin.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Crisis_of_1961


1967 – UK – British Midland airplane crashed at Hopes Carr, Stockport, 72 killed. https://youtu.be/9h32y4gyMbA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670604-0

1969 – Mexico – Mexicana Flight 704 crashed near Salinas Victoria, 79 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690604-0

1970 – Tonga – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-16199671

1988 – USSR – Train carrying hexogen exploded in Arzamas, 91 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/06/06/world/soviet-freight-train-explodes-killing-at-least-68.html


1989 – China – Tiananmen Square Protests ended, 241 + killed. https://youtu.be/17-NlFVZqTM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/4/newsid_2496000/2496277.stm

1989 – USSR – Two passing trains cause sparks near a leaking gas pipe, near Ufa, which exploded, 575 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/06/05/world/500-on-2-trains-reported-killed-by-soviet-gas-pipeline-explosion.html

1991 – Ethiopia – Ethiopian Civil War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Civil_War

2000 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Sumatra, 103 killed. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11589-002-0016-z

2001 – Nepal – Gyanendra became King. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyanendra_of_Nepal

2010 – USA – First SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched. http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2010/06/live-spacex-attempt1-maiden-launch-falcon-9/


2012 – UK – Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee Concert held outside Buckingham Palace. http://youtu.be/XGskYM5Ls08 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond_Jubilee_Concert

2012 – Romania – Romanian Protests, Second Phase began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Romanian_protests

2015 – Ghana – Explosion at petrol station in Accra, 256 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-33003673