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23 June

964 – Rome – Pope Benedict V deposed.

1314 – Scotland – Battle of Bannockburn started (First War of Scottish Independence).

1713 – Canada – French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia.

1757 – India – Battle of Plassey (Palashi).

1758 – Germany – Battle of Krefeld (Seven Years’ War).

1780 – America – Battle of Springfield (American Revolution).

1794 – Russia – Catherine II granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev.

1848 – France – Start of the June Days Uprising in Paris.

1885 – UK – Robert Garcoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury became Prime Minister (Conservative).

1894 – France – International Olympic Committee founded in Paris.

1919 – Estonia – Battle of Cesis (Estonian War of Independence).

1931 – USA – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from Roosevelt Field. Long Island to circumnavigate world in single-engine plane.

1942 – UK – A german Focke-Wulf FW 190 was captured when mistakenly landed at RAF Pembrey, Wales (WWII).

1946 – Canada – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Vancouver Island.

1967 – USA – Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 crashed in Blossburg, Pennsylvania, 34 killed.

1968 – Argentina – Stampede at a Buenos Aires stadium, 74 killed.

1973 – UK – A house fire in Hull, originally declared an accident, later proved to be the first of arsonist Peter Dinsdale, 6 year old boy died

1985 – Ireland – Bomb on Air India Flight 182 exploded, crashed into ocean, 329 killed.

2001 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw, 75 killed.

2011 – UK – Earthquake measuring 2.7Mw, epicentre in Bovey Tracey, Devon