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23 June

964 – Rome – Pope Benedict V deposed. Leo VIII became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_V https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_VIII

1180 – Japan – First Battle of Uji (Genpei War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Uji_(1180)

1280 – Spain – Battle of Moclin (Reconquista). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Moclín_(1280)

1305 – France – Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge signed (Franco-Flemish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Athis-sur-Orge

1314 – Scotland – Battle of Bannockburn began (First War of Scottish Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bannockburn


1683 – America – Penn’s Treaty with the Indians signed. https://youtu.be/StLdt6AS79o http://www.penntreatymuseum.org/treaty.php

1757 – India – Battle of Plassey (Seven Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Plassey

1758 – Germany – Battle of Krefeld (Seven Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Krefeld

1760 – Germany – Battle of Landeshut (Seven Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Landeshut_(1760)

1780 – America – Battle of Springfield (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Springfield_(1780)

1794 – Russia – Catherine II granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev.

1848 – France – June Days Uprising began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/June_Days_Uprising

1864 – USA – Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Jerusalem_Plank_Road


1868 – USA – Christopher Latham Sholes received patent for his “Type-Writer”. https://youtu.be/HTf4OAxUKY8 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Latham_Sholes

1885 – UK – Robert Garcoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury became Prime Minister (Conservative). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/robert-gascoyne-cecil

1894 – France – International Olympic Committee founded in Paris. https://www.olympic.org/paris-1894-olympic-congress

1913 – Macedonia – Battle of Doiran ended (Second Balkan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Doiran_(1913)

1915 – Italy – First battle of Isonzo began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_the_Isonzo

1919 – Estonia – Battle of Cēsis ended (Estonian War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cēsis_(1919)


1931 – USA – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from Roosevelt Field. Long Island to circumnavigate world in single-engine plane. https://youtu.be/bFkPQErraFA https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiley_Post https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Gatty

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Ruhr & Rhineland industrial areas (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – UK – A german Focke-Wulf FW 190 was captured when mistakenly landed at RAF Pembrey, Wales (WWII). http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/german-world-war-ii-fighter-8072752

1943 – China – USAAF plane crashed at Yunnanui, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430623-0

1945 – Myanmar – USAAF plane crashed near Myitkyina, 25 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450623-0

1946 – Canada – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Vancouver Island. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1946_Vancouver_Island_earthquake

1949 – Italy – KLM plane crashed off Bari, 33 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490623-0

1950 – USA – Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 2501 crashed off Benton Harbour, MI, 58 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500623-0

1950 – Mexico – TAJ plane crashed at Guadalajara Airport, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500623-1

1953 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near Ashiya Air Base, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530623-0

1954 – USSR – MAP plane crashed at Sverdlovsk, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540623-0

1967 – USA – Glassboro Summit Conference began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glassboro_Summit_Conference

1967 – USA – Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 crashed in Blossburg, Pennsylvania, 34 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670623-1

1968 – Argentina – Stampede at a Buenos Aires stadium, 74 killed. https://footballpink.net/2015/05/27/river-vs-boca-68-the-tragedy-of-la-puerta-12/

1973 – UK – A house fire in Hull, originally declared an accident, later proved to be the first of arsonist Peter Dinsdale (Bruce Lee), 6 year old boy died. http://murderpedia.org/male.L/l/lee-bruce-george.htm


1985 – Ireland – Bomb on Air India Flight 182 exploded, crashed into ocean, 329 killed. https://youtu.be/IBpoPg0w0wA WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850623-2

2001 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw, epicentre near Arica, 75 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2001_southern_Peru_earthquake

2010 – Jamaica – Kingston Unrest ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Kingston_unrest

2011 – UK – Earthquake measuring 2.7Mw, epicentre in Bovey Tracey, Devon.


2013 – USA – Nik Wallenda became first person to successfully walk across Grand Canyon on tightrope. https://youtu.be/3HeuJ3BH7s8  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skywire_Live

2016 – UK – Referendum vote to leave EU (Brexit). http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/eu_referendum/results  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_European_Union_membership_referendum,_2016