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20 June

451 – France – Battle of Catalaunian Plains. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Catalaunian_Plains

1214 – England – University of Oxford received its charter. http://www.information-britain.co.uk/famdates.php?id=998

1620 – Germany – Battle of Höchst (Thirty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Höchst

1631 – Ireland – Baltimore village attacked by Algerian pirates. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sack_of_Baltimore

1667 – Rome – Cardinal Giulio Rospigliosi became Pope Clement IX. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_IX

1685 – England – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declared himself King at Bridgewater. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Scott,_1st_Duke_of_Monmouth

1819 – UK – SS Savannah arrived in Liverpool, to become first steamship to cross Atlantic Ocean. https://youtu.be/SFz9ZUoZflg   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Savannah

1837 – UK – William IV died, aged 71.  Victoria became Queen, aged 18. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=william4 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=victoria

 

1863 – USA – West Virginia became 35th State. http://www.50states.com/wvirgini.htm

1895 – Germany – Kiel Canal officially opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiel_Canal

1897 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.3Mw, epicentre in Calaveras Fault, California.

1900 – China – Siege of the International Legations began (Boxer Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_the_International_Legations

1940 – France – Air France plane shot down near Ouistreham, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400620-0

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Ruhr & Rhineland industrial areas (WWII).

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Emden (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1942 – Germany – Kazimierz Piechowski & 3 others escaped Auschwitz concentration camp. https://youtu.be/CNlnCkcAyyo WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimierz_Piechowski


1943 – USA – Detroit Race Riots began. https://youtu.be/D8BrJmF-jv4  WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Detroit_race_riot_of_1943

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Friedrichshafen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.6Mw, epicentre in Hendek, Adapazari, 336 killed.

1944 – Philippine Sea – Battle of the Philippine Sea ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Philippine_Sea

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Millinocket, ME, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440620-0

1945 – Australia – RAAF plane crashed at East Arm, Darwin, NT, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450620-0

1956 – USA – LAV Flight 253 crashed off New York, 74 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560620-0

1959 – USA – Hurricane hit Gulf of St. Lawrence, 35 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1959_Escuminac_disaster

1964 – Taiwan – Civil Air Transport Flight 106 crashed at San-Chiao, 57 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19640620-0

1973 – Argentina – Ezeiza Massacre, 13 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezeiza_massacre

1973 – Mexico – Aeroméxico Flight 229 crashed near Puerto Vallarta Airport, 27 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730620-1

1990 – Iran – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Manjil-Rudbar, 40,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1990_Manjil–Rudbar_earthquake

2003 – Brazil – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre in Amazonas.

2011 – Russia – Rus Air Flight 9605 crashed near Petrozvodsk Airport, 47 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110620-0

York

1833 – Philip Knapton died (Organist/Composer). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Knapton