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18 June

618 – China – Li Yuan became Emperor Gaozu of Tang. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Gaozu_of_Tang

1040 – England – Coronation of King Harthacanute at Canterbury Cathedral.

1053 – Italy – Battle of Civitate. http://burnpit.legion.org/2010/06/battle-civitate-normans-defeat-papal-lombard-army-capture-pope

1264 – Ireland – Parliament met at Castledermot, County Kildare. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_of_Ireland

1391 – Volga Bulgaria – Battle of Kondurcha River (Tokhtamysh-Tumur War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Kondurcha_River

1429 – France – Battle of Patay (Hundred Years’ War). http://burnpit.legion.org/2013/06/battle-patay-french-cavalry-massacre-english-infantry-after-relief-orl%C3%A9ans

1663 – Scotland – Coronation of Charles I at St. Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh. http://onceiwasacleverboy.blogspot.co.uk/2013/06/the-scottish-coronation-in-1633.html

1757 – Bohemia – Battle of Kolín (Seven Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kol%C3%ADn

1799 – France – Action of 18 June (French Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_18_June_1799


1812 – USA – War of 1812 began. https://youtu.be/lZrOCvkZxq4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812


1815 – Netherlands – Battle of Waterloo (Napoleonic Wars). https://youtu.be/UTj61gE4mug WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.britishbattles.com/waterloo/waterloo-june-1815.htm

1859 – Switzerland – First ascent of Aletschorn made by Francis Fox Tuckett etc. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aletschhorn#Climbing_history

1864 – USA – Second Battle of Petersburg ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/petersburg/maps/the-battle-of-second.html


1864 – Russian Empire – January Uprising ended. https://youtu.be/0Z6eEM2axVE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_Uprising


1873 – USA – Susan B Anthony fined $100 for attempting to vote in 1872 presidential election. https://youtu.be/lB9fApRcYFw   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susan_B._Anthony

1885 – UK – Earthquake, epicentre in Market Weighton, Yorkshire.

1887 – Germany/Russia – Reinsurance Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinsurance_Treaty

1900 – China – Empress Dowager Longyu ordered all foreigners killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empress_Dowager_Longyu

1908 – Brazil – First 781 Japanese immigrants arrived in Santos aboard ship Kasato-Maru. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/7459448.stm

1908 – Philippines – University of Philippines established. http://www.up.edu.ph/about-up/university-history/

1915 – France – Second Battle of Artois ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Artois

1932 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 7.8Mw, epicentre in Colima.

1935 – Canada – Battle of Ballantyne Pier. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ballantyne_Pier


1940 – France – Charles de Gaulle gave Appeal of 18 June speech. https://youtu.be/uRo-3Y1MdwQ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeal_of_18_June


1940 – UK – Winston Churchill gave his “Finest Hour” speech. https://youtu.be/jB5wZtV1MWM https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/This_was_their_finest_hour

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Ruhr & Rhineland industrial areas (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – China – CNAC plane crashed near Kweilin, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440618-0


1945 – UK – William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason for propaganda broadcasting during WWII. https://youtu.be/AkqOoOC26v8   http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/hawhaw/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Joyce

1953 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near Tachikawa Air Base, 129 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530618-0

1954 – France – Pierre Mendès-France became Prime Minister. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Mend%C3%A8s_France

1954 – Guatemala – Guatemalan Coup D’état began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954_Guatemalan_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat

1955 – Mexico – Tigres Voladores plane crashed at Leon Airport, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550618-0

1955 – Canada – World Wide Airways plane crashed near Coral Harbour, NU, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550618-1


1972 – UK – British European Airways Flight 548 crashed near Staines, 118 killed. https://youtu.be/cKaW1vyUBZE WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19720618-0


1983 – USA – Space Shuttle Challenger STS-7 launched with Sally Ride, first US woman in space. https://youtu.be/Rnju4lDilLM  https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-7.html

1984 – UK – Battle of Orgreave (Miners’Strike). http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-south-yorkshire-33107090 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Orgreave

1986 – USA – Airplane and helicopter collided at Grand Canyon National Park, AZ, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19860618-1

1994 – Northern Ireland – Loughinisland Massacre (The Troubles). http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-13867328

2006 – Kazakhstan – KazSat-1 launched. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KazSat-1

2007 – USA – Charleston Sofa Super Store fire, 9 killed. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/fire/reports/face200718.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charleston_Sofa_Super_Store_fire

2009 – USA – Lunar Reconnissance Orbiter launched. http://lunar.gsfc.nasa.gov/mission.html