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16 June

455 – Roman Empire – Second Sack of Rome ended (Fall of Western Roman Empire). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sack_of_Rome_(455)

632 – Persian Empire – Yazdegerd III became Shah. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdegerd_III

1487 – England – Battle of Stoke Field (Wars of the Roses). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/warsoftheroses/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=42

1746 – Italy – Battle of Piacenza (War of Austrian Succession). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Piacenza

1755 – Canada – Battle of Fort Beauséjour ended (French & Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Beaus%C3%A9jour

1795 – Brittany – Cornwallis’ Retreat began (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornwallis%27s_Retreat

1815 – Belgium – Battle of Ligny and Battle of Quatre Bras (Napoleonic Wars). http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/battles/hundred/c_chapter4.html http://www.britishbattles.com/waterloo/quatre-bras.htm

1819 – India – Earthquake measuring 7.7-8.2Mw, epicentre in Gujurat, up to 1,543 killed.

1836 – UK – The London Working Men’s Association was formed. http://www.chartists.net/The-six-points.htm

1846 – Rome – Cardinal Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti became Pope Pius IX. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_IX

1883 – UK – Stampede at Victoria Hall Theatre, Sunderland, 183 children killed. https://youtu.be/mKfGoCz9H40 http://www.sunderland.gov.uk/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=6964&p=0 http://www.genuki.org.uk/files/eng/DUR/Sunderland/Vic_Hall_Research.pdf

1884 – USA – The Switchback Railway opened at Coney Island Amusement Park. https://youtu.be/SnPuDdLwFpw http://entertainmentdesigner.com/history-of-theme-parks/history-of-roller-coasters-the-switchback-railway-americas-first-roller-coaster/

1891 – Canada – John Abbott became Prime Minister. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Abbott

1903 – USA – Ford Motor Company founded. https://corporate.ford.com/history.html

1907 – Russian Empire – First Russian Revolution ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolution_of_1905

1911 – USA – Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (now IBM) founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computing-Tabulating-Recording_Company

1911 – USA – A 772g meteorite hit earth near Kilbourn, Wisconsin. http://www.meteorite-times.com/Back_Links/2008/july/Accretion_Desk.htm

1936 – Norway – DNL plane crashed at Mount Lihesten, Hyllestad, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19360616-0

1937 – South Africa – South African Airways plane crashed at Johannesburg-Rand Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19370616-0

1941 – Iceland – Invasion of Iceland ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/JhrzNQuPrzk  http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=218

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Ruhr & Rhineland industrial areas (WWII).

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Essen & Bonn (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Dutch Habour NAS, AK, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430616-0

1943 – Sudan – RAF plane crashed at Khartoum-Civil Airport, 17 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430616-2

1944 – India – USAAF plane crashed at Dinjan, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440616-0

1944 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Aleutians, AK, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440616-3

1944 – USA – George Junius Stinney Jr. executed, aged 14. https://youtu.be/v-ErWVf2B0k http://murderpedia.org/male.S/s/stinney-george.htm

1948 – Malaya – Malayan Emergency began with Sungai Siput Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sungai_Siput_incident

1953 – East Germany – Workers Uprising began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uprising_of_1953_in_East_Germany

1953 – Laos – Aigle Azur plane crashed at Phou-Lassi Hill, 34 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530616-0

1955 – Peru – TAPSA plane crashed at Tarapoto Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550616-0

1955 – Brazil – Panair de Brasil plane crashed near Asunción-Silvio Pettirossi International Airport, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550616-1

1955 – Argentina – Bombing of Plaza de Mayo, 364 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Plaza_de_Mayo

1963 – USSR – Vostok 6 launched with Cosmonaut Valentina Terechkova, first woman in space. https://youtu.be/CWECFrhBzBI https://www.space.com/21558-valentina-tereshkova-first-woman-space-infographic.html

1964 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre off northern Niigata Prefecture, 26 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1964_06_16.php

1976 – South Africa – Soweto Uprising began. https://youtu.be/gOU15CQL2Mc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soweto_uprising

1984 – USA – Paralympic VII Summer Games Opening Ceremony in New York (Part I). http://www.paralympic.org/stoke-mandeville-new-york-1984

1997 Algeria – Dairat Labguer massacre, 50 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Da%C3%AFat_Labguer_(M%27sila)_massacre

2010 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre offshore Papua, 3 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Papua_earthquake

2010 – Bhutan – Institutes a total ban on tobacco. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobacco_Control_Act_of_Bhutan_2010

2012 – China – Shenzhou 9 spacecraft launched. http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2012/06/chinese-long-march-2fg-launch-historic-shenzhou-9-mission/

York

1644 – (Trinity Sunday) St. Mary’s Tower was damaged (English Civil War). http://www.british-history.ac.uk/rchme/york/vol2/pp160-173