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15 June

844 – Italy – Louis II became King. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_II_of_Italy

1184 – Norway – Battle of Fimreite (Civil War Era). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fimreite


1215 – England – King John puts his seal to the Magna Carta. https://youtu.be/vc3RJ2eKyf0 http://magnacarta800th.com/

1219 – Estonia – Battle of Lyndanisse (Northern Crusades). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lyndanisse

1246 – Austria – Battle of Leitha River. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Leitha_River

1300 – Spain – Bilbao founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilbao

1312 – Hungary – Battle of Rozgony. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rozgony

1389 – Serbia – Second Battle of Kosovo (Serbian Ottoman Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kosovo

1648 – America – Margaret Jones hanged for witchcraft in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony. http://www.executedtoday.com/2011/06/15/1648-margaret-jones-first-witch-executed-in-boston/

1667 – France – First human blood transfusion by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1082701/pdf/medhist00095-0021.pdf


1752 – America – Benjamin Franklin proved lightning is electricity. https://youtu.be/g5mzFb2hhHY http://www.benjaminfranklinhouse.org/site/sections/about_franklin/physicstodayvol59no1p42_48.pdf

1785 – English Channel – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier & Pierre Romain killed in hot air balloon explosion. http://blog.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/2013/06/14/monsieurs-rozier-and-romain-the-worlds-first-deaths-in-an-air-crash-15-june-1785/

1836 – USA – Arkansas became 25th State. http://www.50states.com/arkansas.htm

1846 – USA – Oregon Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregon_Treaty


1859 – USA – Pig War began. https://youtu.be/RmG0FGQt-Kc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pig_War

1863 – USA – Second Battle of Winchester ended (American Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Winchester

1864 – USA – Second Battle of Petersburg began (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/petersburg/maps/the-battle-of-second.html

1864 – USA – Arlington National Cemetery officially established. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-arlington-national-cemetery-came-to-be-145147007/?no-ist


1877 – USA – Henry Ossian Flipper, first African American cadet to graduate fro US Military Academy. https://youtu.be/SxTSxMOMxq0 http://www.buffalosoldier.net/HenryO.Flipper2.htm

1888 – German Empire – Wilhelm II became Kaiser. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_II,_German_Emperor

1896 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.1Mw, epicentre off coast of Sanriku, followed by tsunami, 22,000+ killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1896_Sanriku_earthquake http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/03/26/national/history/images-of-1896-sanriku-quake-found/#.VX5uhpXbLct


1904 – USA – Fire on steamboat SS General Slocum on East River, New York, 1000 killed. https://youtu.be/cR76S6EHGT0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   http://www.nypl.org/blog/2011/06/13/great-slocum-disaster-june-15-1904

1913 – Philippines – Battle of Bud Bagsak ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bud_Bagsak


1919 – Ireland – John Alcock & Arthur Brown complete first nonstop transatlantic flight at Clifden, County Galway. https://youtu.be/UJODr3XTj_E   http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/alcock.htm


1920 – USA – Duluth Lynchings. https://youtu.be/Y_O7jvgP1YU WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1920_Duluth_lynchings

1934 – USA – Great Smoky Mountains National Park founded. http://www.nps.gov/grsm/learn/historyculture/timeline.htm

1940 – France – Operation Ariel began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Ariel

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Ruhr & Rhineland industrial areas (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Mariana Islands – Battle of Saipan began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Saipan

1944 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Sookerating, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440615-0

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near North Vernon, IN, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440615-2

1944 – Spain – RAF plane crashed at Melilla, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440615-3

1944 – Myanmar – USAAF plane crashed, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440615-4

1945 – Philippines – Battle of Bessang Pass ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bessang_Pass

1945 – Netherlands – General Dutch Youth League founded in Amsterdam. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dutch_Youth_League

1945 – China – CNAC plane missing, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450615-0

1953 – Costa Rica – LACSA plane crashed at San Ramon Mountains, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530615-0

1953 – Chile – LAN plane crashed near Copiapó-Chamonate Airport, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530615-1

1954 – Switzerland – Union of European Football Associations formed in Basel. http://www.uefa.org/60-years/index.html

1972 – Vietnam – Bomb exploded on Cathay Pacific Flight 700Z, 81 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19720615-1


1991 – Philippines – Mount Pintatubo began to erupt. https://youtu.be/NQzGjGKdGvQ http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/1997/fs113-97/


1996 – UK – Provisional IRA bomb exploded in Manchester. https://youtu.be/W8rDB-1kE5o WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing     https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1996_Manchester_bombing

2005 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre offshore northern California.


2012 – USA – Nik Wallenda became first person to successfully tightrope walk over Niagara Falls. https://youtu.be/pK_oW62-zrc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nik_Wallenda


2015 – France – Fire at Saint-Donatien, Nantes. https://youtu.be/w_jCNCHLm-o http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-33134463

York

1644 – Pretended Treaty rejected.