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12 June

549BCE – China – Solar Eclipse observed. http://www.phenomena.org.uk

816 – Rome – Pope Leo III died, Stephen IV became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_III

910 – Bavaria – First Battle of Lechfeld (Hugarian Invasion of Europe). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lechfeld_(910)

1420 – Czechoslovakia – Battle of Vítkov Hill (Hussite Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_V%C3%ADtkov_Hill

1429 – France – Battle of Jargeau ended (Hundred Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Jargeau

1550 – Sweden – Helsinki founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Helsinki

1648 – England – Siege of Colchester began (Second English Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Colchester

1772 – NZ – Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne killed. http://history-nz.org/discovery4.html

1775 – America – Battle of Machias ended (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Machias

1798 – Ireland – Battle of Ballynahinch began (United Irishmen Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ballynahinch

1859 – UK – Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston became Prime Minister (Liberal). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/henry-john-temple-3rd-viscount-palmerston

1860 – Russia – State Bank of Russian Empire established. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_Bank_of_the_Russian_Empire

1889 – Ireland – Armagh Rail disaster, 78 killed. https://www.nmni.com/acm/Collections/Transport/Railway-disaster http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/documents/BoT_Armagh1889.pdf

1897 – India – Earthquake measuring 8.3Mw, epicentre in Assam, 1,500 killed. http://www.assam.org/content/great-assam-earthquake-1897


1899 – USA – Tornado hit New Richmond, 117 killed. https://youtu.be/xXPMffPPYhE  http://www.weather.gov/mkx/0612-1899-newrichmond-tornado

1935 – South America – Chaco War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaco_War


1940 – France – Battle of St. Valéry ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/SaaJAaEQ2a8 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/timeline/factfiles/nonflash/a1120861.shtml

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Ruhr & Rhineland industrial areas (WWII).

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Bochum (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Atlantic Ocean – Two RAF planes shot down near Bay of Biscay, 22 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440612-0

1944 – Solomon Islands – US Navy plane crashed at Guadalcanal, 15 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440612-2

1950 – Bahrain – Air France plane crashed off coast, 46 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500612-1

1950 – Madagascar – L’Armée de L’Air plane crashed, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500612-2

1961 – Egypt – KLM Flight 823 crashed near Cairo International Airport, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19610612-1


1967 – USSR – Venera 4 launched. https://youtu.be/XLHH7JGd-Xo http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1967-058A

1978 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, epicentre off coast of Miyagi Prefecture. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_Miyagi_earthquake

1991 – Sri Lanka – Kokkadichcholai massacre, 152 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991_Kokkadichcholai_massacre

1997 – UK – Globe Theatre reopened by Queen Elizabeth II. http://www.william-shakespeare.info/william-shakespeare-new-globe-theatre-history-timeline.htm

2000 – Brazil – Bus 147 Hostage situation, 2 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandro_Rosa_do_Nascimento#Bus_174_hostage_situation

2010 – India – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Nicobar Islands.

2016 – USA – Pulse nightclub shooting, 49 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-36511778

YORK

1889 – York City Walls re-opened to public after restoration works.