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9 July

455 – Roman Empire – Eparchius Avitus Augustus proclaimed Roman Emperor (west). http://www.roman-empire.net/collapse/avitus.html

518 – Byzantine Empire – Emperor Anastasius died, Flavius Justinus Augustus elected Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anastasius_I_Dicorus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_I

551 – Beirut – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Tyre, Tripoli, estimated 30,000 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/551_Beirut_earthquake

660 – South Korea – Battle of Hwangsanbeol. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hwangsanbeol

869 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 8.6Mw, epicentre in Sendai, Honshu, followed by tsunami, c. 1000 killed. http://www.livescience.com/25532-ancient-japan-earthquake.html

1357 – Czech Republic – Foundation stone of Charles Bridge laid, Prague. http://www.radio.cz/en/static/charles-bridge/history

1386 – Switzerland – Battle of Sempach. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sempach

1540 – England – Henry VIII annulled his marriage to Anne of Cleves. http://www.britroyals.com/tudor.asp?id=anne_cleves

1572 – Netherlands – 19 Catholics executed in Gorkum. http://www.executedtoday.com/2010/07/09/1572-martyrs-of-gorkum-dutch-revolt-spain/

1701 – Italy – Battle of Carpi (War of the Spanish Succession). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Carpi

1745 – Belgium – Battle of Melle (War of the Austrian Succession). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Melle

1755 – America – Battle of Mononagahela (French and Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Monongahela

1790 – Finland – Second Battle of Svensksund (Russo-Swedish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Svensksund

1793 – Canada – Act Against Slavery passed in Upper Canada, importation of slaves in Lower Canada prohibited. http://www.uppercanadahistory.ca/lluc/lluc3.html

1807 – Russia – Second Treaty of Tilsit signed (War of the Fourth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaties_of_Tilsit

1815 – France – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord became Prime Minister. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Maurice_de_Talleyrand-Périgord

1816 – Argentina – Independence from Spanish Empire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentine_Declaration_of_Independence

1821 – Cyprus – Archbishop Kyprianos and 469 others executed in Nicosia (Greek War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyprianos_of_Cyprus

1850 – America – Millard Fillmore became President (Whig). http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/millardfillmore

1850 – Persia – Prophet Báb executed in Tabriz. http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/07/09/1850-the-bab-prophet-of-bahai/

1863 – USA – Siege of Port Hudson ended (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/port-hudson.html


1864 – UK – First known murder on a train. https://youtu.be/ELrrPkFjpB8 WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.btp.police.uk/about_us/our_history/crime_history/the_first_railway_murder.aspx

1868 – USA – 14th Amendment passed. http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/14thamendment.html

1875 – Ottoman Empire – Herzegovina Uprising began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herzegovina_Uprising_(1875–77)


1877 – UK – First official Wimbledon Championship opened. https://youtu.be/uqwP7n1X-H0   http://www.tennistheme.com/wimbledontennishistory.html

1905 – Mongolia – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw, epicentre in Tseterleg sum, Khövsgöl Province. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1905_Tsetserleg_earthquake


1918 – USA – Two trains collided in Nashville, Tennessee, 101 killed. http://youtu.be/nstknegCeoE  http://www.nashvillewebreview.com/automat/nashville/events/trainwreck/Disaster_Nashville.htm

1922 – USA – Johnny Weissmuller broke 1 minute barrier for 100m Freestyle. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_Weissmuller

1930 – Netherlands – SGTA plane crashed at Aalsmeer, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19300709-0

1932 – Brazil – Constitutionalist Revolution began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutionalist_Revolution

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Münster (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Dayton-Wright Patterson AFB, OH, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430709-0


1943 – Italy – Allied Invasion of Sicily (Operation Husky) began (WWII). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rxokb2Yg5k WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_invasion_of_Sicily

1943 – Italy – Two USAAF planes crashed near Gela, Sicily, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430709-2

http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430709-7

1943 – Tunisia – RAF plane crashed off Chebba, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430709-6

1944 – France – Operation Charnwood ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Charnwood

1944 – Mariana Islands – Battle of Saipan ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Saipan

1944 – Finland – Battle of Tali-Ihantala ended (Continuation War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tali-Ihantala

1949 – USA – Fairbanks Morse & Co plane crashed near Roanoke, IL, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490709-0

1949 – Morocco – Aéronavale plane crashed off Zaouit Massa, 18 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490709-1

1950 – Morocco – Aigle Azur plane crashed near Casablanca – Cazes Airport, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500709-0

1956 – Brazil – FAB plane crashed near Rio Branco Airport, AC, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560709-0

1956 – USA – Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 304 shed a propeller over Flat Rock, Michigan, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560709-1


1958 – USA – Lituya Bay, Alaska hit by megatsunami, waves recorded at 524 metres high. https://youtu.be/yN6EgMMrhdI WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://geology.com/records/biggest-tsunami.shtml

1962 – USA – Starfish Prime high altitude nuclear test performed. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/05/starfish-prime-nuclear-explosion-space_n_1847930.html

1964 – USA – United Airlines Flight 823 crashed near Parrottsville, Tenessee, 39 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19640709-0

1972 – Northern Ireland – Springhill Massacre (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Springhill_Massacre

1982 – USA – Pan Am Flight 759 crashed in Kenner, Louisiana, 153 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19820709-0

1986 – New Zealand – Homosexual Law Reform Act passed. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/culture/homosexual-law-reform/reforming-the-law

1995 – Sri Lanka – Bombing of church in Navaly by Sri lankan Air Force, 125 Tamil civilian refugees killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navaly_church_bombing

2006 – Siberia – Sibir Airlines Flight 778 crashed at Irkutsk Airport, 778 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20060709-0

2008 – Iran – Great Prophet III missile tests. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Prophet_III

2011 – South Sudan – Independence from Sudan. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14069082

 

York

1984 – Fire at York Minster (South Transept). https://youtu.be/bj9C9DORInY http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/york/minster-fires/