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8 July

885 – Rome – Pope Adrian III died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Adrian_III

975 – England – Edgar the Peaceable died, aged about 32. Saint Edward the Martyr became king, aged 13. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edgar http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edwardmartyr

1153 – Rome – Pope Eugene III died.

Corado Demetri della Suburra became Pope Anastasius IV. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Eugene_III https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Anastasius_IV

1283 – Malta – Battle of Malta (War of the Sicilian Vespers). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Malta

1592 – Korea – Battle of Hansan Island (Imjin War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hansan_Island

1623 – Rome – Pope Gregory XV died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_XV

1709 – Ukraine – Battle of Poltava (Great Northern War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Poltava

1716 – Sweden – Battle of Dynekilen (Great Northern War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dynekilen

1730 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 8.7Mw, epicentre in Valparaiso. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1730_Valparaíso_earthquake

1760 – New France (Canada) – Battle of Restigouche ended (French and Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Restigouche

1775 – America – Olive Branch Petition signed. http://www.gopetition.com/olivebranchpetition.php

1776 – USA – John Nixon delivered first public reading of the Declaration of Independence. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Nixon_(financier)

1815 – France – Louis XVIII restored as king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XVIII_of_France

1843 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Wanganui. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1843_Wanganui_earthquake

1859 – Sweden/Norway – Charles XV & IV became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_XV_of_Sweden

1879 – USA – USS Jeannette departed San Francisco for the North Pole. http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-j/jeanette.htm

1889 – USA – The Wall Street Journal first published. http://wsj.com/125/wsj-first-edition/


1892 – Canada – Fire of St. John’s, New Foundland. https://youtu.be/KcD7QYZ3H9E WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.heritage.nf.ca/society/reconstruction.html


1898 – USA – Shootout on Juneau Wharf. https://youtu.be/1tBoAunrChk WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shootout_on_Juneau_Wharf

1912 – Portugal – Royalist Attack on Chaves. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royalist_attack_on_Chaves

1937 – Iran – Treaty of Saadabad signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Saadabad

1938 – USA – Northwest Airlines plane crashed at Billings Municipal Airport, MT, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380708-0

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Münster (WWII).

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked docks at Wilhelmshaven (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – South Africa – SAAF plane crashed near Praetoria, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450708-2


1947 – USA – A supposed UFO crashed in Roswell, New Mexico. https://youtu.be/bl_8jQq1Dss  WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.history.com/topics/roswell

1948 – USA – Female recruits accepted in to US Air Force programme Women in the Air Force (WAF). http://www.aerofiles.com/wafs.html

1948 – Germany – USAF plane crashed near Wiesbaden, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480708-0

1948 – Argentina – Armada Argentina plane crashed near Coronel Pringles, BA, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480708-1

1965 – Canada – CPAL Flight 21 crashed near 100 Mile House, BC, 52 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19650708-0

1966 – Burundi – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiricenge deposed, Ntare V became King. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mwambutsa_IV_Bangiriceng_of_Burundi  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ntare_V_of_Burundi

1971 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Illapel, 85 killed.

1986 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, epicentre in Palm Springs, California. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_North_Palm_Springs_earthquake

1988 – India – Island Express train derailed on Peruman bridge, fell into Ashtamundi Lake, 105 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peruman_railway_accident

2000 – Mexico – Aerocaribe Flight 7831 crashed  near Chulum Juarez, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20000708-0

2003 – Sudan – Sudan Airways Flight 139 crashed near Port Sudan, 117 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20030708-0


2011 – USA – Space Shuttle Atlantis launched on final mission. https://youtu.be/3deA3BXAnHs http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/sts135/launch/index.html

2011 – Democratic Republic of the Congo – Hewa Bora Airways Flight 952 crashed at Bangoka International Airport, 74 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110708-0

York

1780 – Workmen found skeleton behind Courthouse, believed to be William Thompson who escaped in 1757.