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7 July

1304 – Rome – Pope Benedict XI died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_XI

1307 – England – Edward I died, aged 68.  http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward1

1422 – State of the Teutonic Order – Gollub War began (Polish-Teutonic War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gollub_War

1520 – Aztec Empire – Battle of Otumba (Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Otumba

1575 – England – Raid of the Redeswire (Anglo-Scottish Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_of_the_Redeswire

1585 – France – Treaty of Nemours signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Nemours

1633 – China – Battle of Liaoluo Bay began (Second Sino-Dutch Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Liaoluo_Bay

1770 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Chesma ended (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chesma

1770 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Larga (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Larga

1777 – USA – Battle of Hubbardton (American Revolutionary War). http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-hubbardton.htm

1807 – Russia – First Treaty of Tilsit signed (War of the Fourth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaties_of_Tilsit

1830 – Algiers – Invasion of Algiers ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Algiers_in_1830

1834 – USA – Anti-Abolitionist Riots in New York began. http://blog.mcny.org/2012/04/03/the-abolitionist-riots-of-1834/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-abolitionist_riots_(1834)

1846 – USA – Battle of Monterey (Mexican-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Monterey

1863 – USA – First military draft started, exemptions cost $300. http://www.shapell.org/manuscript/abraham-lincoln-civil-war-draft-order-new-york-city-riot-1863

1911 – UK, USA, Japan & Russia – North Pacific Seal Convention signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Pacific_Fur_Seal_Convention_of_1911

1915 – Italy – First Battle of Isonzo ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_the_Isonzo

1915 – Canada – An International Railway trolley crashed near Queenston, Ontario, 15 killed. http://vitacollections.ca/notlheritage/2741427/data

1915 – Ceylon – Henry Pedris executed by fireing squad. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Pedris

1916 – NZ – New Zealand Labour Party founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_Labour_Party

1917 – UK – Women’s Army Auxiliary Corp created. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-womens-auxiliary-army-corps-is-officially-established   http://www.nam.ac.uk/exhibitions/online-exhibitions/waacs-war

1928 – USA – Sliced bread sold for first time by Cillicothe Baking Company, Missouri. http://www.livescience.com/32123-how-did-sliced-bread-become-the-greatest-thing.html


1930 – USA – Construction started on the Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam). http://youtu.be/F2FMiSYGH9w  https://www.usbr.gov/lc/hooverdam/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoover_Dam

1930 – UK – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Conan_Doyle


1937 – China, Burma – Second Sino-Japanese War began. https://youtu.be/H9yKqcs699k WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Sino-Japanese_War

1937 – China – Marco Polo Bridge Incident (Second Sino-Japanese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marco_Polo_Bridge_Incident

1940 – Vietnam – Air France plane shot down over Gulf of Tonkin, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400707-0

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Münster (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Constatia, NY, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440707-2


1946 – USA – Howard Hughes crashed XF-11 plane in Beverley Hills. https://youtu.be/Y1aKNy7hBV4 http://framework.latimes.com/2013/07/06/howard-hughes-injured-in-1946-plane-crash/#/0

1948 – Vietnam – Aigle Azur plane crashed at Djiring, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480707-0


1952 – USA – USS United States became to the world’s fastest passenger ship. http://youtu.be/kybnYLrQz40 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_United_States

1953 – USA – US Coast Guard plane crashed in Mississippi River, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530707-0

1953 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Chestertown, MD, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530707-1

1962 – India – Alitalia Flight 771 crashed near Junnar, Maharashtra, 94 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19620707-1

1963 – South Vietnam – Double Seven Day Scuffle. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_Seven_Day_scuffle

1978 – Solomon Islands – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15897585

1980 – Lebanon – Safra Massacre (Lebanese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Safra_massacre


1985 – UK – Boris Becker becomes youngest person to win Wimbledon. https://youtu.be/Y5M1aR5pCgA   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Becker

1991 – Slovenia – Ten Day War ended with signing of Brioni Agreement (Yugoslav Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten-Day_War https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brioni_Agreement

1997 – Iraqi Kurdistan – Operation Hammer ended (Iraqi Kurdish Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hammer_(1997)

2001 – Peru – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre near coast of Peru, 1 killed.

2003 – USA – Opportunity Rover launched on Delta II rocket. http://science.nasa.gov/missions/mars-rovers/


2005 – UK – London Bombing https://youtu.be/xjW_TPv3y8w WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/uk/2005/london_explosions/default.stm  http://londonbombvictims.gonetoosoon.org/

2007 – UK etc – Live Earth Concert. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Live_Earth_(2007_concert)

2009 – Philippines – Mindanao Bombings ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009_Mindanao_bombings

2011 – Netherlands – Roof of a stand in De Grolsch Veste Stadium, Ecnschede collapsed, 2 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14063640

2012 – Russia – Flash flood in Krasnodar Krai region, 171 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-18751198

2013 – USA – Rediske Air plane crashed at Soldotna Airport, AK, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20130707-0

2016 – USA – Dallas Police Officer Shooting, 6 killed. http://edition.cnn.com/2016/07/08/us/philando-castile-alton-sterling-protests/index.html  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2016_shooting_of_Dallas_police_officers

York

1817 – William King was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1845 – The York to Scarborough railway line was opened with 35 carriages drawn by The Hudson & The Lion. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/York_to_Scarborough_Line

1871 – Benjamin Seebohm Rowntree (Industrialist, sociological researcher and writer) born. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seebohm_Rowntree