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6 July

371BCE – Greek Empire – Battle of Leuctra. http://burnpit.us/2012/07/battle-leuctra-boeotian-theban-army-defeats-spartans

640 – Egypt – Battle of Heliopolis (Arab-Byzantibne Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Heliopolis

1044 – Hungary – Battle of Ménfő. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_M%C3%A9nf%C5%91

1189 – England – Henry II died, aged 56.  Richard I the Lionheart became King. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=henry2 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=richard1

1253 – Lithuania – Coronation of Mindaugas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mindaugas

1348 – France – Pope Clement VI issued Papal Bull protecting Jews accused of cauding Black Death. http://jewishcurrents.org/july-6-clement-vi-and-the-black-plague-10952


1415 – Holy Roman Empire – Jan Hus Burned at stake for heresy. https://youtu.be/FUnyz9qFqPg WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Hus

1483 – England – Coronation of Richard III. http://www.westminster-abbey.org/our-history/royals/coronations/richard-iii

1495 – Italy – Battle of Fornovo (First Italian War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fornovo

1535 – England – Sir Thomas More executed for treason. http://www.theanneboleynfiles.com/bios/sir-thomas-more/

1553 – England – Edward VI died, aged 15. https://youtu.be/h2tfXu6eJzE  http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward6

1560 – Scotland/England – Treaty of Edinburgh signed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/education/int/hist/mary/act1/edinburgh/

1573 – Argentina – Córdoba founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jer%C3%B3nimo_Luis_de_Cabrera

1573 – France – Siege of Rochelle ended (French Wars of Religion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_La_Rochelle_(1572%E2%80%9373

1587 – Spain, Algarve, Azores, Portugal – Singeing the King of Spain’s Beard ended (Anglo-Spanish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singeing_the_King_of_Spain%27s_Beard

1614 – Malta – Raid of Zetjun began (Ottoman-Habsburg Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_of_%C5%BBejtun


1685 – England – Battle of Sedgemoor (Monmouth Rebellion). https://youtu.be/joA27ZGYFi0 http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/viking/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=37

1758 – Rome – Cardinal Carlo della Torre Rezzonico became Pope Clement XIII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clement_XIII

1759 – America – Battle of Fort Niagara began (French and Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Niagara

1777 – USA – Siege of Fort Ticonderoga ended (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Fort_Ticonderoga_(1777)

1779 – Grenada – Battle of Grenada. http://ageofsail.devhub.com/blog/965904-july-1779-battle-of-grenada/

1785 – USA – The dollar chosen as monetary unit. http://www.investopedia.com/financial-edge/0709/on-this-day-in-finance-july-6—the-united-states-adopts-the-dollar.aspx

1801 – Gibraltar – First Battle of Algeciras (French Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Algeciras

1809 – Austria – Battle of Wagram ended (War of the Fifth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wagram


1872 – USA – Modoc War began (American Indian Wars). https://youtu.be/lv3NSN-8b3o WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modoc_War

1887 – Hawaii – Bayonet Constitution signed. http://www.hawaiiankingdom.org/political-history.shtml

1893 – USA – Pomeroy, Iowa hit by tornado, 71 killed. http://www3.gendisasters.com/iowa/21683/pomeroy-ia-tornado-july-1893-pile-ruins

1905 – Australia – Alfred Deakin became Prime Minister. http://primeministers.naa.gov.au/primeministers/deakin/

1917 – Jordan – Battle of Aqaba (Arab Revolt, WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Aqaba


1919 – USA – British Dirigible R34 landed in New York, became first airship to cross Atlantic Ocean. https://youtu.be/lvp8XqNmHps http://www.nms.ac.uk/our_museums/national_museum_of_flight/things_to_see_and_do/aircraft/r34_airship.aspx

1936 – UK – Breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal. http://www.canalroutes.net/Manchester-Bolton-and-Bury-Canal.html

1937 – Spain – Battle of Brunete began (Spanish Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Brunete

1940 – Australia – Story Bridge officially opened. http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/seventy-years-on-story-bridge-still-going-strong-20100705-zxeu.html

1941 – Russia – Battle of Smolensk began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Smolensk_(1941)

1942 – Netherlands – Anne Frank and family went into hiding in Amsterdam (WWII). http://www.annefrank.org/


1944 – USA – Hartford Circus fire, Connecticut, 168 killed. https://youtu.be/UgjK5xyRnTs WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.circusfire1944.com/

1945 – China – USAAF plane crashed near Luliang, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450706-0

1952 – France – Norde Aviation plane crashed at Lyon-Bron Airport, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520706-0

1952 – Spain – Ejército del Aire plane crashed nar Hoyo de Manzanares, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520706-1

1953 – Tajikstan – Aeroflot plane crashed near Rushan, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530706-0

1954 – USA – American Airlines Flight 163 crashed at Cleveland, OH, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540706-0

1954 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.6Mw, epicentre in Rainbow Mountain, Nevada. https://profile.usgs.gov/myscience/upload_folder/ci2011Aug1515003942966Hodgkinson_et_al_1996b_opt.pdf

1956 – Canada – USAF plane crashed near Goose Bay, NF, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560706-1


1957 – UK – Althea Gibson became first African American female to win Wimbledon. https://youtu.be/wrpNlpu6ix0  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Althea_Gibson

1964 – Malawi – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13881367

1964 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Guerrero, 40 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1964_Guerrero_earthquake

1966 – Malawi – Became a Republic and Hastings Banda became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hastings_Banda

1967 – Nigeria – Civil War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigerian_Civil_War

1978 – UK – Fire on a sleeping car train in Taunton, Somerset, 12 killed. http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/eventsummary.php?eventID=225

1982 – Russia – Aeroflot Flight 411 crashed near Sheremetyevo International Airport, 90 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19820706-0


1988 – North Sea – Explosion and fire on Piper Alpha oil rig, 167 killed. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HCkvRrIsZ08 WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/6/newsid_3017000/3017294.stm

1989 – Israel – Suicide attack on Tel Aviv – Jerusalem Bus 405, 14 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Aviv%E2%80%93Jerusalem_bus_405_suicide_attack


1994 – USA – Fire in South Canyon, Storm King Mountain, Glenwood Springs, Colorado, 14 killed. https://youtu.be/ZzGTjfTHihU WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   http://www.oregonlive.com/today/index.ssf/2013/07/1994_storm_king_mountain_fire_1.html

1996 – USA – Delta Air Lines Flight 1288 experienced uncontained engine failure at Pensacola Airport, Florida, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19960706-0

1997 – Northern Ireland – Nationalist Riots began (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997_nationalist_riots_in_Northern_Ireland

1998 – Hong Kong – International Airport opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_International_Airport

2011 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre in Kermadec Islands.

2011 – Afghanistan – Silk Way Airlines plane crashed near Bagram Air Base, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110706-0


2013 – USA – Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crash at San Francisco International Airport, 3 killed. https://youtu.be/cELFdkvCq-w  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20130706-0

2013 – Nigeria – Shooting at school in Yobe State, 42 killed. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/nigeria-massacre-boko-haram-islamists-kill-42-at-boarding-school-in-yobe-state-8695355.html

2013 – Canada – Lac-Mégantic Rail Disaster, 47 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lac-Mégantic_rail_disaster