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5 July

328 – Roman Empire – Official opening of Constantine’s Bridge. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine%27s_Bridge_(Danube)

1294 – Rome – Pietro Angelerio became Pope Celestine V. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Celestine_V

1295 – Scotland/France – Formed the “Auld Alliance” against England. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/scottishhistory/europe/features_europe_auldalliance.shtml

1316 – Greece – Battle of Manolada. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Manolada

1594 – Kingdom of Kandy – Campaign of Danture began (Sinhalese-Portuguese War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campaign_of_Danture

1610 – England – John Guy and 39 others sailed from Bristol for Newfoundland, Cananda. http://www.heritage.nf.ca/exploration/cupids.html

1770 – Ottoman Empire – Battle of Chesma began (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chesma

1803 – Germany – Convention of Artlenburg signed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_of_Artlenburg

1809 – Austria – Battle of Wagram began (War of the Fifth Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wagram

1811 – Venezuela – Independence from Spain. http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/independenceinvenezuela/a/10venezuelaindependence.htm

1813 – USA – Raid on Fort Schlosser (War of 1812). https://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=49163 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Schlosser


1814 – Canada – Battle of Chippawa (War of 1812). http://youtu.be/9LRpgYq6-qc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chippawa

1833 – Portugal – Battle of Cape St. Vincent (Liberal Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cape_St._Vincent_(1833)


1865 – UK – Salvation Army founded in London. https://youtu.be/87uz6s0bLOE   http://www.salvationarmy.org/ihq/history

1934 – USA – Bloody Thursday. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1934_West_Coast_waterfront_strike#.22Bloody_Thursday.22

1937 – USA – SPAM Luncheon Meat began to be sold. http://www.examiner.com/article/hormel-introduces-the-world-to-spam-1937

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Kiel & Wilhelmshaven (WWII).

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Münster (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – USSR – Battle of Kursk began (WWII). https://youtu.be/22xpNBJCS4U  WARNING!  Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kursk

1947 – Ireland – RAF plane crashed off Inistrahull Island, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470705-1


1948 – UK – The National Health Service Acts created a national public health system. https://youtu.be/VFhEB3gG8HA  http://www.nhshistory.com/shorthistory.htm

1950 – South Korea – Battle of Osan (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Osan

1950 – Israel – Law of Return passed. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Politics/Other_Law_Law_of_Return.html

1954 – UK – BBC first television news bulletin broadcast. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/5/newsid_3856000/3856397.stm


1962 – Algeria – Independence from France. https://youtu.be/z50Pcgrg0Qs http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14118852

1970 – Northern Ireland – Falls Curfew ended (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falls_Curfew

1970 – Canada – Air Canada Flight 621 crashed near Toronto International Airport, 109 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19700705-0

1971 – USA – 26th Amendment certified by President Richard Nixon. http://www.history.com/topics/the-26th-amendment

1973 – USA – Propane explosion in Kingman, Arizona, 12 killed. http://kdminer.com/main.asp?SectionID=74&subsectionID=514&articleID=16551


1975 – UK – Arthur Ashe became first African American male to win Wimbledon singles title. https://youtu.be/FX09hjb4XYA  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Ashe

1977 – Pakistan – Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto overthrown. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zulfikar_Ali_Bhutto

1996 – UK – Dolly the sheep became first mammal cloned from adult cell. http://www.nms.ac.uk/our_collections/highlights/dolly_the_sheep.aspx

1999 – UK – Wolverhampton hit by tornado. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/387200.stm

2008 – Sea of Okhotsk – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw. http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/LCSN/NewsLetter/200807/LCSN_Newsletter_July08.pdf


2009 – UK – Anglo Saxon Gold hoard discovered near Hammerwich, Staffordshire. https://youtu.be/6ofCNSfF3vM   http://www.staffordshirehoard.org.uk/

2009 – China – Ürümqi Riots. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_2009_Ürümqi_riots


2012 – UK – The Shard, London inaugurated as tallest building in Europe. https://youtu.be/x4pzlqBvags  http://the-shard.com/shard/news/july-2012-(1)

2013 – Canada – Train crashed in Lac-Mégantic, Quebec, 47 killed. http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/quebecexplosion.html http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/enquetes-investigations/rail/2013/r13d0054/r13d0054.asp