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30 July

579 – Rome – Pope Benedict I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_I

657 – Rome – Vitalian became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitalian

762 – Iraq – Baghdad founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baghdad

1419 – Bohemia – First Defenestration of Prague. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defenestrations_of_Prague#First_Defenestration_of_Prague

1608 – America – Samuel de Champlain killed two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga. http://www.chroniclesofamerica.com/french/founding_of_quebec_1608-1616.htm

1619 – America – House of Burgesses met for first time in Jamestown, Virginia. http://www.ushistory.org/us/2f.asp

1629 – Italy – Earthquake, epicentre in Naples, 10,000 killed.

1635 – Germany – Siege of Schenkenschans began (Eighty Years’ War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Schenkenschans

1656 – Poland – Battle of Warsaw ended (Second Northern War/The Deluge). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Warsaw_(1656)

1729 – America – Baltimore, Maryland founded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore

1766 – GB – William Pitt the Elder, Ist Earl of Chatham became Prime Minister (Whig). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-pitt-1st-earl-of-chatham

1863 – USA – Treaty of Box Elder signed (American Indian Wars). http://blog.oup.com/2013/07/treaty-of-box-elder-shoshones/

1864 – USA – Battle of the Crater (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/the-crater.html

1865 – USA – Steamboat Brother Jonathan sank off coast of Crescent City, California, 225 killed. http://www.offbeatoregon.com/o1101b-shipwreck-of-brother-jonathan-ground-zero-in-fight-over-treasure.html http://www.nytimes.com/1865/08/26/news/another-great-disaster-wreck-steamship-brother-jonathan-she-lost-voyage-san.html


1871 – USA – Staten Island Ferry Westfield’s boiler exploded, 85 killed. https://youtu.be/QmzeeQ3ABJ4 http://ahistoryofnewyork.com/2008/07/the-westfield-disaster/

1912 – Japan – Emperor Meiji died, his son Yoshihito became Emperor Taishō. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Meiji https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Taish%C5%8D


1916 – USA – Black Tom Island explosion, Jersey City, New Jersey. https://youtu.be/otGPyDf2RWc http://www.njcu.edu/programs/jchistory/pages/b_pages/black_tom_explosion.htm


1932 – USA – X Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Los Angeles. https://youtu.be/uwp_BoCo6lU http://www.olympic.org/los-angeles-1932-summer-olympics

1941 – Italy – Ala Littoria plane crashed at Roma-Lido di Ostia Seaplane Base, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410730-0

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Hamburg (Operation Gomorrah – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Hamburg_in_World_War_II http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Myanmar – RAF plane crashed near Chindwin, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440730-3


1945 – Philippines – USS Indianapolis sunk by Japanese submarine, 883 killed. (WWII). https://youtu.be/GxZv5KB2kMs WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.ussindianapolis.org/

1949 – USA – Eastern Airlines plane crashed at Chesterfield, NJ, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490730-0

1950 – Kazakhstan – Aeroflot plane crashed near Karaganda Airport, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500730-2

1950 – Brazil – SAVAG plane crashed near São Francisco de Assis, RS, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500730-3

1962 – Canada – Trans-Canada Highway officially opened. http://www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/science-technology/transportation/trans-canada-highway-bridging-the-distance-1/opening-of-the-trans-canada-highway.html

1971 – Japan – All Nippon Airways Flight 58 collided with fighter jet at Shizukuishi, 162 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19710730-1

1971 – France – L’Armée de L’air plane crashed near Pau, 37 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19710730-0

1980 – Vanuatu – Independence from UK and France. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanuatu

1983 – Sri Lanka – Black July Riots ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_July

1992 – USA – TWA Flight 843 crashed at JFK International Airport, New York, all survived. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19920730-0

1995 – Chile – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw, epicentre near coast of Antofagasta, 3 killed. http://earth.esa.int/workshops/ers97/papers/reigber1/

2006 – Lebanon – Qana Airstrike (Lebanon War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qana_airstrike

2011 – Guyana – Caribbean Airlines Flight 523 – crashed at Cheddi Jagan International Airport, all survived. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110730-0

2012 – India – Power grid failure left 7 states without power. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jul/31/india-blackout-electricity-power-cuts

York

1570 – Thomas Wilson, alias Mountain was executed at St. Mary’s Abbey.

1579 – Charles de Pascal, Thomas de Warltire, George Edward de Priestley, Charlotte Morrett and Hannah Foucroy were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1581 – James Richardson was executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1644 – Amos Lawson was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1664 – Ruben Beverage was executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1684 – Nathaniel Pickett was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1699 – Peter Arundel was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1757 – Thomas Cooper and Stephen Tudear were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1763 – John Hall alias Bloom was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1779 – Thomas Green alias England was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf