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3 July

324 – Roman Empire – Battle of Adrainople (Civil Wars of the Tetrarchy). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Adrianople_(324)

987 – France – Coronation of Hugh Capet. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Capet

1187 – Israel – Battle of Hattin began (Crusades). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hattin

1608 – Canada – Quebec City founded Samuel de Champlain. http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/2%20worlds%20meet/champlain/Champlain.html

1754 – America – Battle of Fort Necessity (French and Indian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Necessity

1767 – Pitcairn Island – First sighted by midshipman Robert Pitcairn on HMS Swallow. http://www.government.pn/Pitcairnshistory.php

1767 – Norway – Adresseavisen newspaper first published. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adresseavisen

1778 – USA – Battle of Wyoming (American Revolutionary War). http://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-17B

1819 – USA – First Bank of Savings opened in New York. http://bklyn-genealogy-info.stevemorse.org/Business/BankSavings.NYC.html

1839 – USA – The Normal School in Lexington opened. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Framingham_State_University

1848 – Danish West Indies – Slaves freed by Peter von Scholten. http://www.virgin-islands-history.dk/eng/Pic.asp?ill=19 http://www.virgin-islands-history.dk/eng/vi_hist.asp

1852 – USA – Second US Mint established in San Francisco, California. http://www.usmint.gov/about_the_mint/mint_facilities/?action=SF_facilities


1863 – USA – Battle of Gettysburg ended with Pickett’s Charge (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/Bte1jpy9T24 https://youtu.be/UJjwb4eyAyo WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pickett%27s_Charge http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg.html

1866 – Bohemia – Battle of Königgratz (Austro-Prussian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_K%C3%B6niggr%C3%A4tz

1871 – South Korea – US Expedition to Korea ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_expedition_to_Korea

1890 – USA – Idaho became the 43rd State. http://www.50states.com/

1898 – Cuba – Naval Battle of Santiago de Cuba (Spanish-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Santiago_de_Cuba

1898 – Cuba – Siege of Santiago began (Spanish-American War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Santiago

1930 – India – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw, epicentre near Dhubri. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1930_Dhubri_earthquake


1938 – UK – World speed record for steam railway locomotive set by the Mallard at 126 miles/hour (203 km/h). https://youtu.be/QqmYFotXqDg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LNER_Class_A4_4468_Mallard

1940 – Algeria – Attack on Mers-el-Kébir (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Mers-el-Kébir

1941 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Essen (WWII).

1943 – Germany – Allied bombers attacked Köln (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – UK – RAF plane crashed at Loch Tarbert, Kintyre, Scotland, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430703-4

1943 – Australia – US Navy plane crashed at Exmouth Gulf, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430703-1

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Mobile Bay, FL, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430703-2

1944 – Burma – Battle of Imphal ended (Burma Campaign – WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Imphal

1944 – Nicaragua – TACA de Nicaragua plane crashed near Matagalpa, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440703-0

1945 – Portugal – USAAF plane crashed near Vila do Porto, Azores, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450703-1

1947 – USA – USAAF plane crashed off Florida Coast, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470703-0

1956 – Slovakia – Czechoslovak Air Force plane crashed near Lom, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560703-0

1963 – New Zealand – New Zealand National Airways Corporation Flight 441 crashed into Kaimai Ranges, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19630703-0

1967 – Yemen – Battle of the Crater (Aden Emergency). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Crater_(Aden)

1968 – UK – Freight Aircraft crashed at Heathrow Airport, London, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19680703-0


1969 – USSR – N-1 Rocket exploded on launchpad. https://youtu.be/BLg1QUq5GQM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing   http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-29812139

1970 – Spain – Dan-Air plane crashed near Girona, 112 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19700703-0

1970 – Northern Ireland – Falls Curfew began (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falls_Curfew

1971 – Japan – Toa Domestic Airlines Flight 533 crashed near Hakodate Airport, Hokkaidō, 68 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19710703-0


1988 – Iran – Iran Air Flight 655 shot down by USS Vincennes, 290 killed. https://youtu.be/qIE2haKjzyY WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19880703-0

1988 – Turkey – Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, Istanbul completed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatih_Sultan_Mehmet_Bridge

2006 – Spain – Train derailment of Valencia metro, 43 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/5143738.stm

2013 – Egypt – Egyptian Coup D’état. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Egyptian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat