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28 July

450 – Roman Empire – Emperor Theodosius II died. http://www.roman-empire.net/constant/theodosius-II.html

450 – Byzantine Empire – Pulcheria became Empress. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulcheria

657 – Syria – Battle of Siffin ended (First Fitna). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Siffin

1057 – Rome – Pope Victor II died. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8200564

1364 – Italy – Battle of Cascina. Battle of Cascina. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cascina

1540 – England – Thomas Cromwell executed for treason. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/thomas_cromwell

1540 – England – Henry VIII married Catherine Howard.  http://www.britroyals.com/tudor.asp?id=catherine_howard

1656 – Poland – Battle of Warsaw began (Second Northern War/The Deluge). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Warsaw_(1656)

1689 – Ireland – Siege of Derry ended (Williamite War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Derry

1794 – France – Maiximilien Robespierre & Louis Antoine de Saint-Just executed during Revolution. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximilien_Robespierre http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Antoine_de_Saint-Just

1808 – Ottoman Empire – Mahmud II became Sultan. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmud_II

1809 – Spain – Battle of Talavera ended (Peninsular War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Talavera

1821 – Peru – Independence from Spain. http://www.limaeasy.com/lima-info/lima-history-and-cultures/the-independence-1821

1822 – Greece – Battle of Dervenakia ended (Greek War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dervenakia

1864 – USA – Battle of Ezra Church (American Civil War). http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/civil_war_series/7/sec10.htm

1865 – Argentina – Welsh settlers arrived at Chubut. http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/history/sites/themes/society/migration_patagonia.shtml

1889 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 6.3Mw, epicentre in Kumamoto Prefecture, 20 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1889_Kumamoto_earthquake


1914 – Europe etc – World War 1 began. https://youtu.be/X5YREY33W24 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.firstworldwar.com/origins/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I


1914 – Serbia – Serbian Campaign began (WWI). https://youtu.be/Qb6I7aQXeSc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Campaign_of_World_War_I

1914 – Atlantic Ocean etc – U-Boat Campaign began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U-boat_Campaign_(World_War_I)

1937 – Belgium – KLM Royal Dutch Airlines plane crashed near Beert, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19370728-0

1938 – Philippines – Pan Am plane went missing, presumed crashed east of Manila, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380728-0

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Hamburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – USA – American Airlines Flight 63 (Flagship Ohio) crashed near Trammel, Kentucky, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430728-0

1943 – Germany – Operation Gomorrah 42,000 killed (WWII). http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hamburg-suffers-a-firestorm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Hamburg_in_World_War_II

1943 – UK – BOAC plane crashed near Brandon, Dingle Penninsula Ireland, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430728-2


1945 – USA – US Army bomber crashed into Empire State Building, New York City, 14 killed. http://youtu.be/cUlWpqLsOVs

1950 – Brazil – Panair do Brasil plane crashed near Porto Alegre-Gravatai Air Base, RS, 51 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500728-0

1953 – French Indochina – Operation Camargue began (First Indochina War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Camargue

1957 – Japan – Mudslide in Isahaya, 992 killed.

1976 – China – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre in Tangshan, 242,419 killed.

1976 – Slovakia – Czechoslovakia Airlines Flight 001 crashed near Bratislava, 76 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1976_07_27_eib.php

1984 – America – XXIII Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Los Angeles. http://www.olympic.org/los-angeles-1984-summer-olympics

1993 – Andorra – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/


1996 – USA – Kennewick Man discovered. https://youtu.be/7Iy3YeC-rlE http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/kennewick-man-finally-freed-share-his-secrets-180952462/   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennewick_Man

2002 – USA – 9 rescued from flooded Quecreek Coal Mine, Pennsylvania. http://old.post-gazette.com/localnews/20020728mainminecp2.asp

2005 – UK – Tornadoes touched down in Birmingham and Coventry. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/birmingham/hi/people_and_places/newsid_8973000/8973381.stm

2008 – UK – Grand Pier, Weston-super-mare, burned down. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/somerset/7528165.stm

2010 – Pakistan – Airblue Flight 202 crashed in Margalla Hills, near Islamabad 152 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20100728-0

2010 – USA – US Air Force plae crashed near Anchorage-Elmendorf, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20100728-1

2011 – South Korea – Asiana Airways Flight 991 crashed near Jeju Island, 2 killed.  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110728-0

York

1518 – Royal charter granted a Common Council to assist ad consel the Mayor, aldermen and sheriffs.

1592 – Joseph de Hamel, Richard de Bourboulon and Anthony Hodson executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1602 – Charles Beaumond, Thomas Bennington, Mary Blakey and Emma Brown were executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.

1623 – Ralph Raynard, Mark Dunn and Mrs. Fletcher were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1680 – Andrew Tucker was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1777 – James Rice alias Michael Rice was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf