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27 July

432 – Rome – Pope Celestine I died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Celestine_I

1061 – Rome – Pope Nicholas II died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Nicholas_II

1202 – Georgia – Battle of Basiani (Geirgian-Seljuk Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Basian

1214 – France – Battle of Bouvines (Anglo-French War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bouvines

1302 – Byzantine Empire – Battle of Bapheus (Byzantine-Ottoman Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bapheus

1663 – England – Second Navigation Act passed. http://www.historycentral.com/documents/SEcondNavigation.html

1689 – Scotland – Battle of Killiecrankie (Jacobite Rising). http://battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/stuart-rebellions/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=65

1694 – England – Royal Charter granted to Bank of England. http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/about/pages/history/default.aspx

1720 – Sweden – Battle of Grengam (Great Northern War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Grengam

1778 – France – First Battle of Ushant (Anglo-French War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ushant_(1778)

1862 – Mexico – SS Golden Gate sank off Manzanillo, 231 killed. http://postalmuseumblog.si.edu/2010/07/the-sinking-of-the-golden-gate.html

1866 – Ireland/Newfoundland – First permanent transatlantic telegraph cable completed. http://www.royalvalentia.com/index.php/cable-connection

1880 – Afghanistan – Battle of Maiwand (Second Anglo-Afghan War). http://www.britishbattles.com/second-afghan-war/maiwand.htm

1890 – France – Vincent Van Gogh shot himself. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincent_van_Gogh#Death

1912 – Sweden – V Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Stockholm. http://www.olympic.org/stockholm-1912-summer-olympics


1919 – USA – Chicago Race Riots began, 38 killed. https://youtu.be/qr2Jbybdl6U WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_race_riot_of_1919

1924 – France – VIII Summer Olympic Games Closing Ceremony in Paris. http://www.olympic.org/paris-1924-summer-olympics

1929 – Switzerland – Third Geneva Convention signed by 53 nations. http://www.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Article.xsp?action=openDocument&documentId=7C3142973A716180C12563CD00518A14

1934 – Germany – Swissair plane crashed at Wurmlingen/Tuttlingen, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19340727-0

1938 – Kenya – Imperial Airways plane crashed near Kisumu, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380727-0

1942 – Egypt – First Battle of El Alamein ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_El_Alamein

1943 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Hamburg (Operation Gomorrah – WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Hamburg_in_World_War_II#Battle_of_Hamburg

1943 – Oman – USAAF plane crashed at Masirah Island, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430727-2

1944 – France – Operation Spring began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Spring

1944 – UK – USAAF plane crashed at Port Logan, 22 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440727-0

1944 – UK – RCAF plane crashed at Foula Island, Shetlands, 7 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440727-4

1944 – Atlantic Ocean – US Navy plane missing, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440727-6

1950 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near O-Shima, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500727-0

1952 – Brazil – Pan Am Flight 201 crashed off Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520727-1

1953 – China – Soviet Navy plane crashed near Mao-erh-shan, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530727-0

1953 – Hong Kong – RAF plane crashed at Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530727-1


1953 – Korea – Korean War ended. https://youtu.be/68Qpscmh6Fw WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War

1955 – Bulgaria – El Al Flight 402 shot down near Petrich, 58 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550727-0

1963 – India – United Arab Airlines Flight 869 crashed near Bombay Airport, 63 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19630727-0

1989 – Libya – Korean Air Flight 803 crashed at Tripoli, 79 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890727-0

1996 – USA – Pipe bomb exploded in Centennial Olympic Park, Atlanta, 1 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/27/newsid_3920000/3920865.stm

1997 – Algeria – Si Zerrouk Massacre. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Si_Zerrouk_massacre

2002 – Ukraine – Fighter plane crashed during air show at Lviv, 85 killed. https://youtu.be/wIzNPrikKEs WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sknyliv_air_show_disaster

2007 – USA – Two news helicopters crashed in Pheonix, Arizona, 4 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/28/us/28chopper.html?_r=0

2010 – Saudi Arabia – Lufthansa Cargo Flight 8460 crashed at King Khalid International Airport, all survive. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20100727-0

2010 – USA – Roush Fenway Racing LLC plane crashed at Oshkosh-Wittman Field, Wisconsin, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20100727-1


2012 – UK – XXX Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in London. https://youtu.be/4As0e4de-rI http://www.olympic.org/london-2012-summer-Olympics

York

1598 – Thomas Henry de Alting and Thomas Swedier were executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1617 – Simon Routledge was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

1654 – Marmaduke Holmes was executed at Tyburn Gallows.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1888 – Prince Albert Victor given Freedom of the City.

1888 – Second Naburn Lock opened by Prince Albert Victor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naburn