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23 July

1319 – Greece – Battle of Chios. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chios_(1319)

1793 – Germany – Siege of Mainz ended (French Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Mainz_(1793)

1829 – USA – William Austin Burt patented the Typographer. https://timpanogos.wordpress.com/2011/07/23/typewriter-of-the-moment-july-23-1829-william-a-burts-typographer-patented/

1840 – Canada – Province created by Act of Union. http://www.canadahistoryproject.ca/1840/index.html

1881 – Chile/Argentina – Boundary Treaty signed in Buenos Aires. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boundary_treaty_of_1881_between_Chile_and_Argentina

1905 – Mongolia – Earthquake measuring 8.3-8.5Mw, epicentre in Bulnain nuruu.

1927 – India – First station of Indian Broadcasting Company goes on air in Bombay. http://www.mapsofworld.com/on-this-day/july-23-1927-ce-the-ancestor-of-all-india-radio-hits-the-airwaves-in-mumbai

1930 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 6.6Mw, epicentre in Irpinia, 1,404 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1930_Irpinia_earthquake

1942 – Poland – Treblinka extermination camp opened (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treblinka_extermination_camp

1942 – Caucasus – Battle of the Caucasus began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Caucasus#German_operations

1942 – Bulgaria – Nikola Vaptsarov executed (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola_Vaptsarov

1943 – UK – Rayleigh bath chair murder. http://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/brown-eric-james.htm

1943 – Java – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1943_Central_Java_earthquake

1944 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Kiel (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Papua New Guinea – US Navy plane crashed near Kokoda, 17 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440723-3

1950 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Myrtle Beach, SC, 39 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500723-0

1952 – Japan – USAF plane crashed near Ashiya Air Base, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520723-1

1954 – China – Cathay Pacific plane shot down and crashed off Hainan Island, 10 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540723-0

1961 – Tunisia – Bizerte Crisis ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bizerte_crisis

1967 – USA – 12th Street Riot, Detroit, Michigan began. http://www.blackpast.org/aah/detroit-race-riot-1967

1968 – USA – Glenville Riots began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glenville_shootout

1970 – Oman – Qaboos bin Said Al Said became Sultan. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qaboos_bin_Said_al_Said


1972 – USA – Landsat 1 launched. https://youtu.be/u66-FLMd7Bk   http://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/about/landsat1.html

1973 – Netherlands – Japan Air Lines Flight 404 hijacked. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730723-0

1973 – USA – Ozark Air Lines Flight 809 crahsed near St. Louis International Airport, 38 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730723-1

1983 – Sri Lanka – Four Four Bravo, 13 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Four_Bravo


1983 – Canada – Air Canada Flight 143 crashed at Gimli Airport, MB. https://youtu.be/3PcOyfxuWvo WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19830723-0


1986 – UK – Prince Andrew became Duke of York & married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey. http://youtu.be/Ugk32fLCCBY https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wedding_of_Prince_Andrew,_Duke_of_York,_and_Sarah_Ferguson

1993 – China – China Northwest Airlines Flight 2119 crashed at Yinchuan Airport. Ningxia, 55 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19930723-0

1999 – Morocco – Coronation of Mohammed VI. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_VI_of_Morocco

1999 – Japan – ANA Flight 61 hijacked, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19990723-0

1999 – Canada – Summer XIII Pan American Games began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_Pan_American_Games

2005 – Egypt – Sharm el-Sheikh Bombings, 88 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4709491.stm

2010 – Philippines – Earthquake measuring 7.3-7.6Mw, epicentre in Moro Gulf, Mindanao. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2010/us2010zbcd/#details

2012 – Iraq – 23 July Attacks, 107 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-18950706

York

1673 – Miles Beckett, Jane Thompson and Thomas Thomlinson were executed at Tyburn Gallows.  http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1746 – William Duke of Cumberland in York, given the freedom of the city. http://grayscourtyork.com/about/history/

1782 – Francis Feam, John Cockroft, John Wood and Thomas Greenwood were executed at Tyburn Gallows.  http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf