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22 July

495BC – China – Solar Eclipse observed. http://www.phenomena.org.uk

259 – Rome – Dionysius became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Dionysius

838 – Turkey – Battle of Anzen (Arab-Byzantine Wars). http://www.byzantium.xronikon.com/battle.php?byzbat=b9_10

1209 – France – Massacre of Béziers. http://www.executedtoday.com/2009/07/22/1209-albigensian-crusade-cathars-beziers/

1298 – Scotland – Battle of Falkirk (Wars of Scottish Independence). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=62

1300 – England – Earthquake, epicentre in Yorkshire. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/

1456 – Kingdom of Hungary – Siege of Nándorfehérvár ended (Ottoman-Hungarian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Belgrade_(1456)

1484 – Scotland – Battle of Lochmaben Fair. http://www.douglashistory.co.uk/history/Battles/lochmabenfair.htm

1499 – Switzerland – Battle of Dornach (Swabian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dornach

1620 – Holland – Pilgrims for America left Delfshaven on the Speedwell to meet up with other pilgrims in England. http://mayflowerhistory.com/voyage/

1676 – Rome – Pope Clement X died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_X

1793 – Canada – Alexander Mackenzie became the first recorced person to complete transcontinental crossing. https://youtu.be/xZjw8wudzwg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Mackenzie_(explorer)

1795 – Pyrenees – War of the Pyrenees ended (War of the First Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Pyrenees

1797 – Spain – Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife began (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Santa_Cruz_de_Tenerife_(1797)

1805 – Spain – Battle of Cape Finisterre (War of Third Coalition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cape_Finisterre_(1805)

1812 – Spain – Battle of Salamanca (Peninsular War). http://www.britishbattles.com/peninsula/peninsula-salamanca.htm


1864 – USA – Battle of Atlanta (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/Lq9BDzhEs58 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/atlanta.html


1916 – USA – Preparedness Day Bombing, 10 killed (WWI). http://youtu.be/CYSVe2I5Fo8 WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preparedness_Day_Bombing


1933 – USA – Wiley Post became first person to fly solo around the world. http://youtu.be/_wmCNGkz9MY http://acepilots.com/post.html


1934 – USA – John Dillinger mortally wounded by FBI in Chicago. https://youtu.be/RG7R4_s8etw WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/history/famous-cases/john-dillinger

1937 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Salcha, Alaska. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1937_07_22.php

1938 – Romania – LOT Polskie Linie Lotnicze plane crashed at Negrileasa, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380722-0

1943 – Italy – Palermo captured by allied forces (WWII).

1943 – Greece – Athens Protests, 22 killed (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/22_July_1943_Athens_protest

1946 – Israel – Bomb exploded at King David Hotel, Jerusalem, 91 killed. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/King_David.html

1949 – Morocco – Aéronavale plane crashed off Agadir, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490722-0

1962 – USA – Mariner 1 launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=MARIN1

1962 – Hawaii – Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 301 crashed near Honolulu International Airport, 27 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19620722-0

1967 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre in Mudurnu. Adapazari, 89 killed. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0015/001582/158293eb.pdf

1970 – Cambodia – Cambodian Campaign ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambodian_Campaign

1973 – French Polynesia – Pan Am Flight 816 crashed near Faa’a’s Airport, Tahiti, 77 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730722-0

1984 – UK – Paralympic VII Summer Games Opening Ceremony in Stoke Mandeville (Part II). http://www.paralympic.org/stoke-mandeville-new-york-1984


1993 – USA – Flood in Kaskaskia, Illinois. https://youtu.be/PQYqHDoCugk  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Flood_of_1993

1995 – Bosnia – Srebrenica massacre ended (Bosnian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srebrenica_massacre

1997 – USA/Canada – Second Blue Water Bridge opened between Port Huton and Sarnia. http://www.michigan.gov/mdot/0,4616,7-151-9618_11070-22062–,00.html


2011 – Norway – Terror attacks in Oslo and Utøya, 77 killed. https://youtu.be/9RLdwTXqFbs WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14261716

2013 – China – Dingxi earthquakes, 95 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-23401470 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Dingxi_earthquakes

2015 – Czech Republic – Studénka train crash, 3 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Stud%C3%A9nka_train_crash

2016 – Germany – Munich shooting, 9 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2016_Munich_shooting