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21 July

356BC – Turkey – Temple of Artemis, Ephesus, destroyed by fire. http://www.ancient.eu.com/article/128/

230 – Rome – Pontian became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pontian

365 – Crete/Egypt – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw in Crete caused tsunami which hit Alexandria, Egypt, 50,000 killed. http://www.drgeorgepc.com/Tsunami365ADeEastMedSea.html

649 – Rome – Martin I became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Martin_I

1242 – France – Battle of Taillebourg (Saintonge War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taillebourg


1403 – England – Battle of Shrewsbury. https://youtu.be/Iq8DlPq-H_k  http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=39

1568 – Germany – Battle of Jemmingen (Eighty Years’ War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Jemmingen

1656 – Spain – Raid on Málaga (Anglo-Spanish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_on_M%C3%A1laga_(1656)

1718 – Serbia – Treaty of Passarowitz signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Passarowitz

1774 – Bulgaria – Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca signed (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_K%C3%BC%C3%A7%C3%BCk_Kaynarca

1831 – Belgium – Leopold I became king. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_I_of_Belgium


1861 – USA – First battle of Bull Run. https://youtu.be/e0PlApbiTGI WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/bullrun.html


1865 – USA – Wild Bill Hickok Killed Davis Tutt in Springfield Missouri. https://youtu.be/u3r5eeoyg-E  http://worldhistoryproject.org/1865/7/21/james-butler-wild-bill-hickok-kills-davis-tutt-jr-in-first-recorded-quick-draw-gunfight

1873 – USA – Train robbery in Adair, Iowa by James-Younger Gang. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-jessejamestimeline.html

1904 – Belgium – Louis Rigolly became first man to break 100mph barrier on land in Ostend. http://www.uniquecarsandparts.com.au/world_land_speed_record_10.htm


1907 – USA – SS Columbia and Schooner San Pedro collided off Shelter Cove, California, 97 killed. https://youtu.be/The2M_NBFLk  http://www3.gendisasters.com/california/1008/san-francisco,-steamer-columbia-disaster,-jul-1907

1918 – USA – Attack on Orleans (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Orleans

1919 – USA – Wingfoot Air Express crashed in Chicago, Illionois, 12 killed. http://www.examiner.com/article/the-wingfoot-air-express-crash


1925 – USA – John T Scopes found guilty of teaching Evolution in Dayton, Tenessee. https://youtu.be/IVD4TjxnJ0M https://www.aclu.org/religion-belief/state-tennessee-v-scopes


1925 – Wales – Sir Malcolm Campbell became first man to break 150mph land barrier at Pendine Sands. https://youtu.be/Gq7M44Qngl0 http://www.sirmalcolmcampbell.com/sir25.html http://www.uniquecarsandparts.com.au/world_land_speed_record_21.htm

1930 – UK – Walcot Air Line plane crashed at Meopham, Kent, 6 killed. http://kenttodayandyesterday.blogspot.co.uk/2010/07/meopham-air-disaster-21st-july-1930.html

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Hamm, Kassel & Soest (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database


1944 – Mariana Islands – Second Battle of Guam began (WWII). https://youtu.be/aEuCEODNyQM WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Guam_(1944)


1944 – Germany – Claus von Stauffenberg and 3 others executed for assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler (WWII). https://youtu.be/FQtBa5Hd5Jo WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/07/21/1944-claus-von-stauffenberg-july-20-plot-to-kill-hitler/

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Munich, Saarbrücken, Oberpfeffenhofen, Walldrun, Regensburg, Stuttgart & Schweinfurt (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – USA – 3 USAAF planes missing off Cape Fear, NC, 15 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440721-1

1945 – China – USAAF plane crashed near Tsingching, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450721-1

1947 – Argentina – FAA plane crashed at El Palomar, BA, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470721-0

1950 – South Korea – Battle of Taejon ended (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taejon

1951 – USA – CPAL plane missing near Sitka, AK, 37 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510721-0


1952 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in Kern County, California, 12 killed. https://youtu.be/-l_wS3dr7bY WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1952_Kern_County_earthquake

1959 – USA – NS Savannah launched. https://youtu.be/EzDFnEt2-Uw http://www.nssavannah.net/

1961 – USA – Alaska Airlines Flight 779 crashed at Shemya, Alaska, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19610721-0


1970 – Egypt – Aswan High Dam completed. https://youtu.be/jjfpfFzQYjI http://www.history.com/videos/the-aswan-high-dam#the-aswan-high-dam


1972 – Northern Ireland – Provisional IRA detonated 22 bombs in Belfast, 9 killed. http://youtu.be/3s1iH3z8EhY http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/events/bloody_friday_belfast

1977 – Libya/Egypt – Libyan-Egyptian War began (Arab Cold War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libyan%E2%80%93Egyptian_War

1986 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw, epicentre in Chalfant Valley, California. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1986_07_21.php

1995 – China – Third Taiwan Strait Crisis began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Taiwan_Strait_Crisis

2001 – Japan – Pedestrian bridge collapsed in Akashi, Hyōgo, 11 killed. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/crowd-crush-proves-fatal-in-japan/

2003 – China – Earthquake measuring 6.0Mw, epicentre in Yunnan, 16 killed. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/year/2003/2003_07_21.php

2012 – USA – Erden Eruç completed solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world in bodega Bay, Calfornia (5 years 11 days). http://www.around-n-over.org/erden.htm