***
Download the latest Newsletter for FREE**** Check Out the NEW Talks Available

20 July

514 – Rome – Hormisdas became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Hormisdas

792 – Bulgaria – Battle of Marcellae (Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Marcellae

911 – France – Siege of Chartres. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Chartres_(911)

1304 – Scotland – Siege of Stirling Castle (First War of Scottish |Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sieges_of_Stirling_Castle

1402 – Turkey – Battle of Ankara (Ottoman-Timurid Wars). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ankara

1799 – Ethiopia – Tekle Giyorgis I became Emperor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tekle_Giyorgis_I_of_Ethiopia

1864 – USA – Battle of Peachtree Creek (American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/peachtree-creek.html

1866 – Croatia – Battle of Lissa (Third Italian War of Independence). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lissa_(1866)

1886 – UK – William Ewart Gladstone became Prime Minister (Liberal). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-ewart-gladstone

1871 – Canada – British Columbia became 6th Province. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-3030-e.html


1903 – Rome – Pope Leo XIII died. http://youtu.be/vzLduvnW-FA  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_XIII

1916 – France – Battle of Fromelles ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fromelles

1917 – Greece – Corfu Declartion signed (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corfu_Declaration

1932 – Prussia – Preußenschlag. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preu%C3%9Fenschlag

1935 – Switzerland – KLM Royal Dutch Airlines plane crashed at Pian San Giacomo, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19350720-0

1936 – Switzerland – Monteux Convention signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreux_Convention_Regarding_the_Regime_of_the_Straits

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Düsseldorf & Wismar (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1940 – Denmark – Left League of Nations.


1944 – Germany – Operation Valkerie (WWII). https://youtu.be/RMwj-h4ysec WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20_July_plot

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Dessau, Kothen, Leipzig. Nordhausen, Rudolstadt, Merseburg, Bad Nauheim & Koblenz (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Indonesia – RAAF plane crashed near Namlea, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440720-2

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near New Castle AAB, DE, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450720-3

1951 – Jordan – King Abdullah I assassinated. http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/1951/jul/21/fromthearchive

1951 – Vietnam – Air Outre-Mer plane crashed near Saigon-Tan Son Nhat International Airport, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510720-0

1956 – Japan – USAF plane missing in Inland Sea, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560720-0

1956 – Russia – Aeroflot plane crashed near Batagay, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560720-2


1968 – USA – First Special Olympics held. https://youtu.be/PXiwXFKumqE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_Olympics http://www.specialolympics.org/

1972 – Vietnam – Battle of An Lôc ended (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_An_L%E1%BB%99c

1974 – Cyprus – Turkish Invasion began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_invasion_of_Cyprus


1977 – USA – Flash floods hit Jamestown, Pennsylvania, 80 killed. https://youtu.be/K5yzdDtlmLw WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnstown_flood_of_1977

1981 – Somalia – Somali Airlines Flight 40 crashed near Mogadishu International Airport, 50 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19810720-0


1982 – UK – Provisional IRA bombs detonated in Hyde Park and Regents Park, London, 8 killed. https://youtu.be/rc9z2HtyT-Y WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/20/newsid_2515000/2515343.stm

1992 – Czechoslovakia – President Václav Havel resigned. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V%C3%A1clav_Havel

2005 – Canada – Legalized same-sex marriages. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage_in_Canada

2012 – China – Earthquake measuring 4.9Mw, epicentre in Yangzhou, 1 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Yangzhou_earthquake

2012 – USA – Gunman at cinema in Aurora, Colorado, 12 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/21/us/shooting-at-colorado-theater-showing-batman-movie.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

2013 – Columbia – FARC rebels ambushed soldiers in Arauca, 17 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-23399636

2015 – Turkey – Suruç Bombing, 33 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-33593615

York

1782 – Funeral and interment of the Marquis of Rockingham at Minster. http://www.victorianweb.org/history/pms/rocky.html

1967 – York Glaziers’ Trust established. http://www.yorkglazierstrust.org/about/history/