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19 July

514 – Rome – Pope Symmachus died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Symmachus

1333 – Scotland/England – Battle of Halidon Hill (Second War of Scottish Independence). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=16

1544 – France – First Siege of Boulogne began (Italian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sieges_of_Boulogne_(1544%E2%80%9346)#First_siege


1545 – England – The Mary Rose sank off the coast of Portsmouth. https://youtu.be/EgEwjFDt4Rc http://www.maryrose.org/

1553 – England – Mary I became Queen. http://www.royal.gov.uk/historyofthemonarchy/kingsandqueensofengland/thetudors/maryi.aspx

1701 – America – Nanfan Treaty signed. http://www.sixnations.ca/LandsResources/NanFanTreaty.pdf

1702 – Poland – Battle of Kliszów (Great Northern War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Klisz%C3%B3w

1832 – UK – Provincial Medical and Sugical Association founded by Sir Charles Hastings. http://bma.org.uk/about-the-bma/who-we-are/our-history


1843 – UK – SS Great Britain launched. https://youtu.be/yUyo025f63M?list=PL702D734EE1F43F9D  http://www.ssgreatbritain.org/


1848 – USA – Women’s Rights Convention opened at Seneca Falls, New York. http://youtu.be/-jzu8NY9jjU http://www.npg.si.edu/col/seneca/senfalls1.htm

1864 – China – Third Battle of Nanking ended (Taiping Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Battle_of_Nanking

1870 – France – Franco Prussian War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franco-Prussian_War

1900 – France – First line of Paris Metro opened. http://www.therailengineer.com/2012/02/28/paris-metro-line-1-a-new-beginning/

1916 – France – Battle of Fromelles began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fromelles

1919 – UK – Ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall. http://www.bedfordshire.gov.uk/CommunityAndLiving/ArchivesAndRecordOffice/CommunityArchives/Luton/TheLutonPeaceRiot-SaturdayNight.aspx

1938 – Chile – Pan American Grace Airways plane crashed at Mount Mercedario, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380719-0

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Bremen, Gelsenkirchen & Kassel (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1940 – Mediterranean Sea – Battle of Cape Spada (WWII). http://museum.wa.gov.au/explore/sydney/history-hmas-sydney-ii

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked submarine yard at Bremen (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1943 – Italy – Rome bombed by Allied aircraft (WWII). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/world-war-two/7813894/Wartime-Pope-begged-allies-not-to-bomb-Rome.html

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked München (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1949 – Laos – Independence from France. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15355605

1949 – USA – Air Transport Associates plane crashed at Seattle-Boeing International Airport, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490719-0

1952 – Latvia – Aeroflot plane crashed at Riga-Spilve Airport, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520719-0

1952 – Finland – XV Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Helsinki. http://www.olympic.org/helsinki-1952-summer-olympics

1961 – Argentina – Aerolineas Argentinas Flight 644 crashed in Bueno Aires, 67 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19610719-2

1962 – Thailand – United Arab Airlines Flight 869 crashed into Khao Yai mountain, 26 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19620719-0

1967 – USA – Piedmont Airlines Flight 22 mid air collision near Asheville, North Carolina, 82 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670719-0

1972 – Oman – Battle of Mirbat (Dhofar Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mirbat

1976 – Nepal – Sagarmatha National Park created. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/120

1980 – USSR – XXII Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Moscow. http://www.olympic.org/moscow-1980-summer-olympics


1985 – Italy – Val di Stava dam collapsed, 268 killed. https://youtu.be/Ubx1EQfnNsQ WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/12/1029/2012/nhess-12-1029-2012.pdf


1989 – USA – United Airlines Flight 232 crashed at Sioux City, Iowa Airport, 111 killed. https://youtu.be/xZQlfV0yh74 WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890719-1

1994 – Panama – Alas Chiricanas Flight 00901 exploded mid air, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19940719-1

1996 – Canada – Saguenay Flood began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saguenay_flood

1996 – America – XXVI Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Atlanta. http://www.olympic.org/atlanta-1996-summer-olympics

2008 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Fukushima Prefecture.

2011 – Kyrgyzstan – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, 14 killed.

York

1677 – Foundation stone lade for brickwork tower at St. Martin’s Church, Micklegate. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-464065-church-of-st-martin-cum-gregory-#.VatDh3zbLcs