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18 July

477BC – Etruscan Civilization – Battle of Cremera (Roman Etruscan Wars (or 13 Feb)). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Cremera

390BC – Roman Republic – Battle of Allia (Roman-Gallic Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Allia


64 – Roman Empire – Great Fire of Rome. https://youtu.be/oGNMao0QDzI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/rome.htm

452 – Roman Empire – Sack of Aquileia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sack_of_Aquileia

1195 – Spain – Battle of Alacos (Reconquista). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alarcos

1216 – Rome – Cencio became Pope Honorius III. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Honorius_III

1290 – England – Edict of Expulsion issued by Edward I, banishing all Jews. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/history/350.shtml

1342 – Iran – Battle of Zava. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zava

1555 – England – College of Arms reincorporated by Royal Charter. http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/

1583 – Ireland – Second Desmond Rebellion began. http://www.theirishstory.com/2015/09/30/the-desmond-rebellions-part-ii-the-second-rebellion-1579-83/#.VkFuJdInzct

1806 – Malta – Birgu Polverista Explosion. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1806_Birgu_polverista_explosion

1812 – Baltic Sea – Anglo-Russian War ended with signing of Treaty of Orebro. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Russian_War_(1807%E2%80%9312)  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Orebro

1812 – Sweden – Anglo-Swedish War ended with signing of Treaty of Orebro. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Swedish_War_(1810%E2%80%9312) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Orebro

1841 – Brazil – Coronation of Pedro II. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_II_of_Brazil

1862 – Switzerland – TS Kennedy, W Wigram, J Croz & J Konig made first ascent of Dent Blanche. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dent_Blanche#Climbing_history

1863 – USA – Second Battle of Fort Wagner began(American Civil War). http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/battery-wagner.html

1872 – UK – Ballot Act received Royal assent. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ballot_Act_1872

1913 – Bulgaria – Siege of Vidin ended (Second Balkan War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Vidin_(1913)

1918 – France/Belgium – Spring Offensive ended (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spring_Offensive

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Dortmund-Ems Canal (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Norway – Beisfjord Massacre (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beisfjord_massacre

1943 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Adak, AK, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430718-0

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Kiel, Cruxhaven, Peenemünde, Zinnowitz, Stralsund & München (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – Japan – Hideki Tōjō resigned as Prime Minister. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hideki_Tojo

1946 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Goodland, KS, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460718-5

1948 – Palestine – Operation Dekel ended (Arab-Israeli War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Dekel

1950 – Angola – DTA plane crashed near Bocoio, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500718-0


1958 – UK – VI British Empire & Commonwealth Games in Cardiff, Wales began. https://youtu.be/tHwPnvEf6as  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1958_British_Empire_and_Commonwealth_Games


1966 – USA – Gemini 10 launched. https://youtu.be/MV0AFkdTdK0 http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1966-066A


1966 – USA – Hough Riots began. https://youtu.be/yAoV9qdQR2E  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hough_riots

1969 – China – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Bohai Bay, 10 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1969_Bohai_earthquake

1982 – Guatemala – Plan de Sánchez massacre, 268 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_de_S%C3%A1nchez_massacre


1984 – USA – McDonalds Massacre, 21 killed. https://youtu.be/xQ3If73-VJo WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.utsandiego.com/san-ysidro-massacre/

1992 – Peru – La Cantuta Massacre, 10 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Cantuta_massacre

1994 – Argentina – Bombing of Jewish Community Centre in Buenos Aires, 85 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/5190892.stm

1996 – Sri Lanka – Battle of Mullaitivu (Sri Lankan Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mullaitivu_(1996)

2003 – Democratic Republic of the Congo – Second Congo War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Congo_War

2010 – Papua New Guinea – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre in New Britain. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_New_Britain_earthquakes

2012 – Bulgaria – Bomb exploded on tour bus at Bugas Airport, 7 killed. http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/18/world/europe/bulgaria-israel-blast/

York

1761 – Edward, Duke of York, passed through the city on his way to Scarborough.

1796 – James Beaumont was executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1823 – Land purchased near River Foss to build gasworks (The York Gas Light Co.)