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17 July

180 – North Africa – 12 Christians executed in Scillium. http://www.dacb.org/stories/tunisia/speratus_.html

561 – Rome – Catelinus became Pope John III. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_III

855 – Rome – Pope Leo IV died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_IV

924 – England – Edward the Elder died aged about 50. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edwardelder

1048 – Rome – Poppo, bishop of Brixen, became Pope Damasus II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Damasus_II

1203 – Byzantine Empire – Siege of Constantinople began (Fourth Crusade). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Constantinople_(1203)

1402 – China – Zhu Di became Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yongle_Emperor

1429 – France – Coronation of Charles VII at Reims Cathedral. http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/charles7.htm

1453 – France – Battle of Castillon (Hundred Years’ War). http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/lossofguienne.htm

1717 – GB – George I sailed down River Thames with a barge of 50 musicians, where Handel’s Water Music was premiered. http://inmozartsfootsteps.com/2482/handels-water-music-london-1717/

1762 – Russia – Catherine II became Tsar. http://www.history.co.uk/biographies/catherine-the-great.html

1771 – Canada – Bloody Falls massacre. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloody_Falls_Massacre


1791 – France – Champs de Mars Massacre (French Revolutionary War). https://youtu.be/J_Szpoh3ZG0 WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing http://alphahistory.com/frenchrevolution/champ-de-mars-massacre/

1794 – France – 40 people executed including 16 carmelite nuns of Compiègne. http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/culture/timwong/100075147/the-martyrs-of-compiegne-what-really-happened-to-the-nuns-slaughtered-in-poulencs-opera/

1856 – USA – Train wreck in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania, 60+ killed. http://www3.gendisasters.com/pennsylvania/773/camp-hill-pa-train-wreck-jul-1856

1867 – USA – Harvard School of Dental Medicine established in Boston, Massachusetts. http://hsdm.harvard.edu/about/history

1917 – UK – George V issued a proclamation that male line of descedents of Royal family to bear surname of Windsor. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/6904531.stm

1918 – Ireland – RMS Carpathia sank off coast by German torpedoes, 5 killed (WWI). http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?81139


1918 – Russia – Tsar Nicholas II and his family murdered at Ipatiev House, Yekaterinburg. https://youtu.be/wUvk9COqz1U WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Execution_of_the_Romanov_family

1932 – Germany – Altona Bloody Sunday. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altona_Bloody_Sunday


1933 – Lithuania – Lituanica plane crashed near Kaunas, 2 killed. https://youtu.be/kx0M6DQrjyk WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lituanica


1936 – Spain – Spanish Civil War began. https://youtu.be/81RhewkQbOk WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Civil_War


1938 – USA – Douglas Corrigan took off from Brooklyn to fly “wrong way” to Ireland. http://youtu.be/f9Dd8G50dFQ http://www.air-racing-history.com/PILOTS/Douglas%20Corrigan.htm

1943 – USA – Two USAAF plane crashed near Grenada AAF, MS, 10 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430717-0

1943 – Gulf of Mexico – US Navy plane missing, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430717-2


1944 – USA – Two ships with ammunition exploded in Port Chicago, California, 320 killed (WWII). http://youtu.be/DaIphGJt5NU  WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Chicago_disaster

1945 – Philippines – USAAF plane crashed at Mindoro Island, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450717-1

1945 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Bishmaknagari, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450717-2

1946 – Ecuador – ANDESA plane crashed near Cuenca, 30 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460717-0

1948 – China – Cathay Pacific plane hijacked and crashed at Pearl River Delta, 25 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480717-0

1950 – India – Indian National Airways plane crashed near Pathankot, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500717-0

1953 – USA – US Navy plane crashed near Milton-Whiting Field NAS, FL, 44 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530717-0


1955 – USA – Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. http://youtu.be/JuzrZET-3Ew  http://www.history.com/news/disneylands-disastrous-opening-day-60-years-ago https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disneyland

1955 – USA – Braniff International Airways Flight 560 crashed at Chicago-Midway Airport, IL, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550717-0


1967 – USA – Newark riots ended, New Jersey. https://youtu.be/2n0e3_vD-xE WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1967_Newark_riots

1968 – Iraq – 17 July Revolution (Arab Cold War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/17_July_Revolution

1973 – Afghanistan – Mohammed Zahir Shah deposed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_Zahir_Shah

1976 – Canada – XXI Summer Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Montreal. http://www.olympic.org/montreal-1976-summer-olympics

1979 – Nicaragua – President Anastsio Somoza DeBayle resigned. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anastasio_Somoza_Debayle


1981 – USA – Walkway at Hyatt Regency, Kansas City, Missouri collapsed, 114 killed. https://youtu.be/h7Ab70eYMT8 WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyatt_Regency_walkway_collapse


1996 – USA – TWA Flight 800 exploded mid air near East Moriches, New York, 230 killed. https://youtu.be/UCdN3WJg_ls WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19960717-0

1998 – Papua New Guinea – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in New Guinea, 2,183 killed. http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/tsunami/PNG.html

2000 – India – Alliance Air Flight 7412 crashed in Patna, 60 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20000717-0

2006 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, epicentre south of Java, 665 killed. http://escweb.wr.usgs.gov/share/mooney/126.pdf


2007 – Brazil – TAM Airlines Flight 3054 crashed at Congonhas-São Paulo Airport, 199 killed. https://youtu.be/rp89sZF5CCs WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20070717-0

2009 – Indonesia – Jakarta bombings, 9 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/8155084.stm

2014 – Ukraine – Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 crashed, poss. shot down, 298 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-28357880

York

1826 – Leonard Wilkinson was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf