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16 July

1212 – Spain – Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (Reconquista). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Las_Navas_de_Tolosa

1377 – England – Coronation of Richard II. http://www.royal.gov.uk/historyofthemonarchy/kingsandqueensofengland/theplantagenets/richardii.aspx

1661 – Sweden – First Banknotes of Europe issued by Stockholms Banco. http://www.theibns.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=251&Itemid=127&limitstart=3

1717 – Serbia – Siege of Belgrade began (Austro-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Belgrade_(1717)

1769 – America – Mission San Diego de Alcalá founded by Father Junípero Serra. http://www.missionsandiego.com/mission_history.htm

1779 – USA – Battle of Stony Point (American Revolutionary War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Stony_Point

1790 – USA – Residence Act signed. http://research.archives.gov/description/299948 http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Residence.html

1809 – Upper Peru – La Paz Revolution. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Paz_revolution

1834 – UK – William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne became Prime Minister (Whig). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-lamb-2nd-viscount-melbourne


1863 – USA – New York City Draft Riots ended (American Civil War). https://youtu.be/TAWu2cPAsjo  http://www.history.com/news/four-days-of-fire-the-new-york-city-draft-riots

1910 – Australia – First flight of the Duigan pusher biplane by John Robertson Duigan. http://museumvictoria.com.au/collections/items/405751/aeroplane-duigan-biplane-mia-mia-victoria-1910

1915 – USA – Order of the Arrow founded. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_the_Arrow

1932 – Chile – Pan American Grace Airways plane crashed near Vitacura, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19320716-0


1935 – USA – World’s first parking meter installed in Oklahoma City. http://youtu.be/1ZQgPRFgkOA  https://youtu.be/gHjvjpkJ8zI  http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/worlds-first-parking-meter-installed

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Lübeck (WWII).

1944 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Munich, Stuggart, Augsburg & Saarbrucken (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Sedelia Army Airfield, MO, 2 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450716-1

1947 – Iran – BOAC plane crashed at Az-Zubair, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470716-0

1949 – Germany – RAF plane crashed at Berlin-Tegel Airport, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490716-0

1949 – Egypt – L’Armée de L’Air plane crashed near Mersa Matruh, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490716-1

1950 – South Korea – Chaplain-Medic massacre, 30 killed (Korean War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaplain%E2%80%93Medic_massacre

1951 – Belgium – Leopold III abdicated, Baudouin I became King. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_III_of_Belgium  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baudouin_of_Belgium

1955 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Söke, Aydin, 23 killed.


1956 – USA – Ringling Bros & Barnum & Bailey Circus close last Big Tent show. https://youtu.be/Ab34lHSCnzI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ringling_Bros._and_Barnum_%26_Bailey_Circus

1957 – Indonesia – KLM Flight 844 crashed near Biak-Mokmer Airport, 58 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19570716-0


1965 – France/Italy – Mont Blanc Tunnel opened. https://youtu.be/6yiOmMnmAMw http://www.wired.com/2010/07/0716mont-blanc-tunnel-opens/


1969 – USA – Apollo 11 launched. https://youtu.be/zGNryrsT7OI http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo11.html

1971 – Australia – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre in Canning Basin.

1979 – Iraq – Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr resigned, Saddam Hussein became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Hassan_al-Bakr https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saddam_Hussein

1981 – Malaysia – Mahathir Mohamad became Prime Minister. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahathir_Mohamad

1983 – UK – British Airways helicopter crashed off coast of Isles of Scilly, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=19037


1990 – Philippines – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Baguio City, 1,621 killed. http://youtu.be/Yu3b8lGxxwI WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1990_Luzon_earthquake


1999 – USA – Plane crashed in Atlantic Ocean, 3 killed, including John F Kennedy Jr. https://youtu.be/mfo2iqa5BkI WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_F._Kennedy_Jr.

2004 – USA – Millennium Park, Chicago, Illinois, opened. http://www.millenniumpark.net/

2005 – Equatorial Guinea – Equatorial Express plane crashed near Baney, 60 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20050716-0

2007 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 6.6Mw, epicentre in Niigata Prefecture, 9 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/6900156.stm

2013 – India – Bihar School Meal Poisoning Incident. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-23337445

2015 – USA – Chattanooga Shootings. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/report-police-officer-shot-near-tennessee-army-recruiting-center/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Chattanooga_shootings

York

1644 – York surrendered to the Parliamentary forces. http://openplaques.org/plaques/9587