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15 July

1099 – Israel/Palestine – Siege of Jerusalem ended (First Crusade). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_(1099)

1207 – England – Canterubury monks expelled by King John, for supporting Archbishop Stephen Langton. http://magnacarta800th.com/events/canterbury/

1240 – Russia – Battle of Neva (Swedish-Novgordian Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Neva

1381 – England – John Ball executed at St. Albans for role in Peasant’s Revolt. http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/john-balls-speech-to-peasants/1290.html http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/the-peasants-revolt.htm

1410 – Poland – Battle of Grunwald (Polish-Lithuanian-Teutonic War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Grunwald

1482 – Granada – Coronation of Muhammad XII. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_XII_of_Granada

1685 – England – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth executed at Tower Hill, London. http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/07/15/1685-james-scott-duke-of-monmouth/

1757 – GB – Earthquake, epicentre in Penzance. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/


1799 – Egypt – Rosetta Stone discovered by Pierre-François Bouchard. https://youtu.be/ORiP0CH39RY   http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/miscellaneous/c_rosetta.html

1806 – USA – Pike Expedition began. http://www.zebulonpike.org/pike-hardluck-explorer.htm

1823 – Italy – Fire destroyed the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, Rome. http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/en/basilica/incendio.htm

1834 – USA – Anti-Abolitionist Riots ended in New York. http://blog.mcny.org/2012/04/03/the-abolitionist-riots-of-1834/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-abolitionist_riots_(1834)


1834 – Spain – The Spanish Inquisition officially disbanded. https://youtu.be/mwWXEV7MHgc WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/Inquisition.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Inquisition

1870 – Canada – Manitoba became 5th Province. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/manitoba-act/

1888 – Japan – Mount Bandai erupted, 500 killed. http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/bandai.html

1916 – USA – The Boeing Company founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing

1916 – France – Battle of Delville Wood began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Delville_Wood

1918 – France – Second Nattle of Marne began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_the_Marne

1927 – Austria – July Revolt, 89 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_Revolt_of_1927

1938 – Argentina – Pan Am plane crashed at Morón, BA, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380715-0

1947 – France – Aéro Cargo plane crashed at Vichy-Charmeil Airport, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470715-0

1952 – South Korea – USAF plane crashed at Pusan East Air Base, 99 killed (Korean War). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520715-0

1956 – Ireland – Swissair plane crashed at Shannon Airport, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560715-1


1959 – USA – Steel Strike began. https://youtu.be/yfsaI7zm4N0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steel_strike_of_1959

1960 – Ethiopia – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 372 crashed near Jumma, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19600715-0

1966 – Vietnam – Operation Hastings began (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hastings

1979 – Puerto Rico – Summer VIII Pan American Games ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1979_Pan_American_Games

1980 – USA – Western Wisconsin Derecho. http://www.weau.com/weather/weathernotebook/headlines/35-years-pass-since-the-devastating-1980-Wind-Storm-315523731.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Wisconsin_Derecho

1983 – France – Terrorist attack at Paris-Orly Airport, 8 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1983/07/16/world/5-killed-in-orly-airport-bombing-armenians-claim-responsibility.html

1994 – Rwanda – Rwanda Genocide ended. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-26875506

1996 – Netherlands – Belgian Air Force plane crashed at Eindhoven Airport, 34 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19960715-0


1997 – USA – Gianni Versace murdered. https://youtu.be/CzAY7qge9QE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvenVzc-q7w WARNING! Videos contain scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gianni_Versace http://murderpedia.org/male.C/c/cunanan-andrew.htm

2003 – Carlsberg Ridge – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/poster/2003/20030715.php

2004 – Fiji – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw.

2006 – USA – Twitter social media platform launched. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twitter

2009 – New Zealand – Earthquake measuring 7.8Mw, epicentre in Fiordland. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SAu9-P0Ga94 http://info.geonet.org.nz/display/quake/M+7.8,+Dusky+Sound,+15+July+2009

2009 – Iran – Caspian Airlines Flight 7908 crashed near Qazin, 153 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20090715-0

2014 – Russia – Moscow Metro derailment, 24 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-28306458  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_Moscow_Metro_derailment

York

1503 – Queen Margaret visited York.

1799 – Richard Clegg was executed at Tyburn Gallows. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf