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14 July

939 – Rome – Stephen VIII became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Stephen_VIII

982 – Italy – Battle of Stilo. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Stilo

1223 – France – Philip II died, Louis VIII became King. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_II_of_France  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_VIII_of_France

1420 – Czechoslovakia – Battle of Vítkov Hill ended (Hussite Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_V%C3%ADtkov_Hill

1595 – France – Siege of Doullens began (Franco-Spanish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Doullens

1771 – America – Mission San Antonio de Padua founded by Junípero Serra. http://missionsanantonio.net/history


1789 – France – Citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille (French Revolution). https://youtu.be/3uI6JFl_sq4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://bastille-day.com/history/Storming-Of-The-Bastille-July-14-1789

1790 – France – Citizens of Paris celebrated in the Fête de la Fédération. http://library.thinkquest.org/C006257/revolution/fete_de_la_federation.shtml

1791 – GB – The Priestley Riots in Birmingham. http://www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/21cc/utopia/methods1/priestley1/priestley.html


1798 – USA – Sedition Act became law. https://youtu.be/wL4ZN64Yz3o  http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sedition-act-becomes-federal-law

1831 – Belgium – Belgian Revolution ended. http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/773/opera-fuels-belgian-revolution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgian_Revolution

1853 – USA – Opening of the World’s Fair – Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York City. https://archive.org/details/officialcatalog00natigoog


1865 – Italy/Switzerland – First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party. https://youtu.be/wUo47y2r_k0 http://climbing.about.com/od/mountainclimbing/ss/The-Matterhorn-Photographs-and-Climbing-Quotes-of-a-Classic-Mountain-Peak_3.htm

1874 – USA – Second Chicago Fire. https://chicagology.com/chicago-fire/1874fire/


1877 – USA – Railroad Strike began in Martinsburg, West Virginia. http://youtu.be/ZFnJGL2Vf70 http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3189 


1881 – USA – Billy the Kid killed by Pat Garrett at Fort Summer. https://youtu.be/86DwcpCg7Kg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aboutbillythekid.com/

1902 – Italy – The Campanile, St. Mark’s Square, Venice, collapsed. http://www.nashuatelegraph.com/news/795449-196/daily-twip—the-campanile-di-san.html

1911 – USA – Harry Atwood landed plane on South Lawn of the White House. http://www.earlyaviators.com/eatwood3.htm

1933 – Germany – All political parties, except Nazi Party outlawed.

1933 – Germany – Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring proclaimed (Nazi Eugenics). http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/0/23183272

1935 – Netherlands – KLM plane crashed near Amsterdam-Schiphol Municipal Airport, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19350714-0

1938 – Italy – Ala Littoria plane crashed off Terranova, Sardinia, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380714-0

1940 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Paderborn & Diepholz (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1942 – Pacific Ocean – US Navy plane missing, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19420714-0

1945 – Myanmar – USAAF plane crashed near Thamainggyi, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450714-0

1945 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Manipur Road, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450714-1

1948 – Brazil – Aerovias Brasil plane crashed at Belém, PA, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480714-0

1948 – France – BOAC plane crashed near Toulon, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480714-1

1950 – South Korea – Battle of Taejon began (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taejon

1951 – Sweden – Airtaco plane crashed at Stockholm-Bromma Airport, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510714-0

1953 – USA – Johnson Flying Service plane crashed near Basin, MT, 2 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530714-0

1955 – Mexico – LAUSA plane crashed near Oaxaca, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550714-0
1958 – Iraq – 14 July Revolution.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/14_July_Revolution


1960 – Tanzania – Jane Goodall started study of chimpanzees in the wild. http://youtu.be/LKyrLFyOi04 http://www.janegoodall.org.uk/

1969 – USA – The $500, $1,000, $5,000 & $10,000 bills officially withdrawn from circulation.  http://www.moneyfactory.gov/uscurrency/largedenominations.html

1971 – Solomon Islands – Earthquake.

1974 – USA – Baltimore Municipal Strike ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore_municipal_strike_of_1974

1976 – Canada – Capital punishment abolished. http://canadaonline.about.com/cs/crime/a/cappuntimeline.htm

1987 – Canada – Flooding of Montreal after series of thunderstorms. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreal_Flood_of_1987

2002 – France – Assassination attempt of President Jacques Chirac. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2127946.stm

2011 – South Sudan – Joined the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/ 

2016 – France – 86 killed when truck driven through crowd in Nice. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-36801671 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2016_Nice_attack

 York 

1810 – Joshua Beaumont was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1845 – The bell ‘Great Peter’ was delivered and hung in place.