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13 July

574 – Rome – Pope John III died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_III

1174 – England – Battle of Alnwick. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alnwick_(1174)

1249 – Scotland – Coronation of Alexander III. http://www.britroyals.com/scots.asp?id=alexander3

1260 – Latvia – Battle of Durbe (Livonian Crusade). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Durbe

1558 – France – Battle of Gravelines (Italian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gravelines_(1558)

1573 – Netherlands – Siege of Haarlem ended (Eighty Years War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Haarlem

1605 – China – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw, epicentre in Qiongshan, Hainan, 3,000 killed. http://www.kepu.net.cn/english/quake/ruins/rns04.html

1643 – England – Battle of Roundway Down (English Civil War). http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/military/1643-lansdown-roundway.htm

1765 – Britain – Charles Watson Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham became Prime Minister (Whig). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/charles-watson-wentworth-2nd-marquess-of-rockingham

1794 – France – Battle of Vosges (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Vosges

1801 – Gibraltar – Second Battle of Algeciras ended (French Revolutionary Wars). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Algeciras


1814 – Italy – The Carabinieri established. https://youtu.be/O0uXreLaT9Y https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carabinieri

1830 – India – The General Assembly’s Institution founded by Alexander Duff and Raja Ram Mohan Roy in Calcutta. http://www.bu.edu/missiology/missionary-biography/c-d/duff-alexander-1806-1878/

1854 – Mexico – Battle of Guaymas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guaymas#History


1863 – USA – New York City Draft Riots began. https://youtu.be/TAWu2cPAsjo  http://www.history.com/news/four-days-of-fire-the-new-york-city-draft-riots

1878 – Germany – Treaty of Berlin signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Berlin_(1878)

1882 – Egypt – Bombardment of Alexandria ended (Anglo-Egypt War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Alexandria


1919 – UK – Airship R34 landed at Pulham aerodrome Norfolk, having completed first return journey across Atlantic in 182 hours. https://youtu.be/f-ZD-Q0RmLE http://www.theengineer.co.uk/in-depth/classic-archive/r34-airship-makes-first-trans-atlantic-return/1003455.article


1923 – USA – Hollywoodland sign officially dedicated in Los Angeles, California. https://youtu.be/crlw6BGJyYk http://hollywoodsign.org/1923-a-sign-is-born/

1928 – UK – Imperial Airways plane crashed near Purley, Surrey, 4 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1928_Imperial_Airways_Vickers_Vulcan_crash

1942 – Germany – RAF bombers attacked Duisburg (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1946 – China – Central Air Transport plane crashed near Jinan Airport, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460713-0

1947 – USA – Burke Air Transport plane crashed near Melbourne, FL, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470713-0

1953 – USA – US Navy plane crashed off Cape Henry, VA, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530713-0

1955 – Venezuela – Lineas Interamericana Aérea plane crashed at Capacho, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19550713-1

1977 – Ethiopia – Ogaden War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogaden_War


1977 – USA – New York City experienced 24hours electrical blackout. https://youtu.be/A7tq9IrZLkY  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City_blackout_of_1977


1985 – UK – Live Aid Benefit Concert in London. Also in Philadelphia, USA; Sydney, Australia and Moscow, USSR. http://youtu.be/WQWs23NtRas http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/thelive8event/liveaid/history.shtml

1990 – Afghanistan – Avalanche in High Asian Mountains, following earthquake. 43 killed. http://www.nytimes.com/1990/07/18/world/avalanche-kills-40-climbers-in-soviet-central-asia.html

2007 – Brazil – Summer XV Pan American Games began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Pan_American_Games

2008 – Afghanistan – Battle of Wanat (War in Afghanistan). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wanat

2011 – Brazil – NOAR Linhas Aéreas Flight 4896 crashed near Recife Airport, 16 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110713-0

2011 – India – Three bomb explosions in Mumbai, 26 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-14141454

 

York

1816 – York County Saving Bank opened in New Street.