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10 July

48BCE – Roman Republic – Battle of Dyrrhachium. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dyrrhachium_(48_BC)

138 – Roman Empire – Emperor Hadrian died of heart failure. http://www.roman-empire.net/highpoint/hadrian-index.html

645 – Japan – Isshi Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isshi_Incident

983 – Rome – Pope Benedict VII died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_VII

988 – Ireland – Norse King Glun Iaraiinn recognised Máel Sechnaill II, High King of Ireland, and agreed to pay taxes and accept Brehon Law. http://www.courts.ie/Courts.ie/library3.nsf/pagecurrent/3CBAE4FE856E917B80256DF800494ED9 http://what-when-how.com/medieval-ireland/mael-sechnaill-ii-medieval-ireland/

1086 – Denmark – King Canute IV killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canute_IV_of_Denmark

1212 – England – Fire destroyed most of London. http://londonist.com/2012/10/londonbridgefallingdown.php

1460 – England – Battle of Northampton (Wars of the Roses). http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/warsoftheroses/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=33

1519 – China – Prince of Ning Rebellion began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_of_Ning_rebellion

1546 – Holy Roman Empire – Shmalkaldic War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schmalkaldic_War

1553 – England – Lady Jane Grey became queen, title disputed. http://www.britroyals.com/tudor.asp?id=jane_grey

1584 – Holland – William I, Prince of Orange, assassinated. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_the_Silent#Assassination

1645 – England – Battle of Langport (English Civil War). http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/military/1645-langport-bristol.htm

1651 – Ukraine – Battle of Berestecho ended (Khmelnysky Uprising). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Berestechko

1806 – India – Vallore Mutiny. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellore_mutiny

1834 – UK – Gristhorpe Man discovered by William Beswick. http://www.prehistory.yas.org.uk/content/gristhorpe.html

1882 – Peru – Battle of La Concepción ended (War of the Pacific). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_La_Concepci%C3%B3n

1890 – USA – Wyoming became the 44th State. http://www.50states.com/wyoming.htm

1921 – Ireland – Belfast’s Bloody Sunday, 16 killed. http://www.theirishstory.com/2010/06/24/four-bloody-sundays/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloody_Sunday_(1921)


1925 – USA – Trial of John T Scopes began in Dayton, Tennessee accused of teaching evolution. https://youtu.be/IVD4TjxnJ0M http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scopes/scopes.htm


1938 – USA – Howard Hughes set new record of completing flight around world in 91 hours. http://youtu.be/Er0-JZNGRZU http://www.wingnet.org/rtw/RTW002Q.HTM

1940 – France – Operation Fall Rot ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_Rot

1940 – UK – Battle of Britain began (WWII). https://youtu.be/52YOKT_O10U WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Britain

1941 – Poland – Jedwabne Pogrom. http://www.jpost.com/Features/In-Thespotlight/This-Week-In-History-The-Jedwabne-Pogrom

1942 – Netherlands – Established diplomatic relations with USSR.

1943 – Italy – Italian Campaign began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_Campaign_(World_War_II)

1943 – Italy – Battle of Gela began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gela_(1943)

1943 – USA – Two USAAF planes crashed near Hemmingford, NE, 8 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430710-0

1943 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Sedalia Army Air Field, MO, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430710-2

1943 – Italy – USAAF plane crashed off Scoglitti, Sicily, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430710-4

1943 – Italy – USAAF plane crashed near Gela, Sicily, 5 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430710-5

1949 – Tajikistan – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw, epicentre in Gharm Oblast, c.7,200 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1949_Khait_earthquake

1953 – Norway – USAF plane crashed near Stravanger-Sola Airport, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530710-0


1962 – USA – Telstar Satellite launched. https://youtu.be/uKH-GijnAGk http://www.nasa.gov/topics/technology/features/telstar.html

1967 – NZ – Adopted decimal currency.

1973 – Bahamas – Independence from UK.


1976 – Italy – Seveso Disaster. https://youtu.be/zMGUm3g8f1I WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seveso_disaster


1980 – UK – Fire at Alexandra Palace. http://youtu.be/dZkHkAQS0Yk

1985 – New Zealand – Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior bombed and sunk in Auckland Harbour by French DGSE agents. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinking_of_the_Rainbow_Warrior

1985 – USSR – Aeroflot Flight 7425 crashed near Uchkuduk, 200 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850710-0

1991 – Russia – Boris Yeltsin became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Yeltsin

1991 – USA – L’Express Airlines Flight 508 crashed near Birmingham Airport, Alabama, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19910710-0

2000 – Nigeria – A leaking petroleum pipeline exploded, 250 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Ijegun_pipeline_explosion


2005 – USA – Hurricane Dennis hit the Florida Panhandle. https://youtu.be/9M1DLzxy2_c WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://weather.com/storms/hurricane/news/hurricane-dennis-landfall-july-2005-20130710

2006 – Pakistan – PIA Flight 688 crashed near Multan Airport, 45 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20060710-0

2011 – Japan – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre in Honshu. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/poster/2011/20110710.php

2011 – Russia – Cruise ship Bulgaria sank near Syukeyevo, 122 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14099637

2015 – Canada – Summer XVII Pan American Games began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_Pan_American_Games