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8 January

307 – China – Emperor Hui of Jin killed, Huai of Jin becam Emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Hui_of_Jin  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Huai_of_Jin

871 – England – Battle of Ashdown. http://www.britishbattles.com/danish-wars/battle-of-ashdown/

1198 – Rome – Pope Celestine III died.  Cardinal Deacon Lotario dei Conti di Segni is became Pope Innocent III. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Celestine_III  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_III

1697 – Scotland – Thomas Aikenhead, student at Edinburgh, last execution for blasphemy. http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/scottishenlightenment/before/index.asp

1811 – USA – Slave revolt in St. Charles & St. James, Louisiana, led by Charles Deslondes. http://abolition.nypl.org/images/african_resistance/4/115

1815 – USA – Battle of New Orleans began (War of 1812). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_New_Orleans http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/battleofneworleans.htm

1863 – USA – Second Battle of Springfield (American Civil War). http://www.nytimes.com/1863/01/26/news/battle-springfield-mo-place-its-defences-interesting-narrative-conflict.html

1867 – USA – African American men in District of Columbia granted right to vote. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/congress-expands-suffrage-in-nations-capital

1877 – USA – Battle of Wolf Mountain (Great Sioux War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wolf_Mountain

1906 – USA – Landslide in Haverstraw, New York, 19 killed. http://www.haverstrawbrickmuseum.org/history.html


1920 – USA – Steel Strike ended. https://youtu.be/l0wmKei0iMg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steel_strike_of_1919

1926 – Vietnam – Bao Đai became emperor. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%E1%BA%A3o_%C4%90%E1%BA%A1i


1940 – UK – Food rationing introduced (WWII). https://youtu.be/o9wNJ78S2GY http://www.homesweethomefront.co.uk/web_pages/hshf_rationing_pg.htm

1941 – Tanzania – SAAF plane crashed near Mbeya, 15 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410108-0

1944 – Germany – RAF attacked Frankfurt, Solingen, Aachen and Dirtmund (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1945 – Trinidad & Tobago – Pan Am Flight 161 crashed at Port of Spain, 23 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450108-2

1951 – South Korea – Ganghwa Massacre ended (Korean War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganghwa_massacre

1951 – South Korea – USAF plane crashed at Chungju AB, 2 killed (Korean War). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510108-0


1956 – Ecuador – Operation Auca deaths. https://youtu.be/p-gal-PJCiM  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Auca

1962 – Netherlands – Harmelen train crash, 93 killed. https://youtu.be/vJRRu2-wkBs WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmelen_train_disaster

1973 – USSR – Luna 21 launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1973-001A

1977 – USSR – Moscow Bombing, 7 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3465385.stm


1979 – Ireland – Tanker Betelgeuse exploded in Bantry Bay. https://youtu.be/mFXEU85AyaI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://incidentnews.noaa.gov/incident/6248

1981 – France – Trans-en-Provence UFO case. http://www.ufoevidence.org/cases/case110.htm


1989 – UK – British Midlands Flight 737 crashed near Kegworth, Leicestershire, 47 killed. https://youtu.be/NKxjPzqpFj0 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890108-0

1996 – Dominican Republic of Congo – African Air plane crashed at Kinshasa-N’Dolo Airport, 237 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19960108-0


2003 – USA – Air Midwest Flight 5481 crashed in Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, NC, 21 killed. https://youtu.be/tkmZrsLF6D4 WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20030108-0

2003 – Turkey – Turkish Airlines Flight 634 crashed at Diyarbakir Airport, 75 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20030108-1

2009 – Costa Rica – Earthquake measuring 6.1Mw, 23 killed. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2198769/Costa-Rica-Earthquake-Powerful-7-6-magnitude-quake-hits-country.html

2010 – Angola – Togo National Football Team attack, 3 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/8449319.stm

2011 – USA – Tucson Shooting, 6 killed.  http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/09/us/politics/09giffords.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

York

1762 – War was formally declared in York against the king of Spain.

1813 – Luddites George Mellor, Thomas Smith and William Thorpe were executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

1848 – Patrick Reid was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.

http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1863 – Lendal Bridge opened. http://www.historyofyork.org.uk/themes/victorian/lendal-bridge