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4 January

46BCE – Roman Empire – Battle of Ruspina (Cearsar’s Civil War). http://burnpit.us/2012/01/battle-ruspina-julius-caesar-avoids-disaster-during-roman-civil-war

275 – Rome – Eutychian became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Eutychian

871 – England – Battle of Reading. http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=seek&query=871-899

1299 – England – Earthquake in the South East.

1642 – England – Charles I ordered 5 members of Parliament to be arrested. http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/parliamentary-archives/archives-highlights/archives-speakerlenthall/

1649 – England – The Rump Parliament voted to put Charles I on trial. http://bcw-project.org/church-and-state/the-commonwealth/rump-parliament

1717 – GB/Netherlands/France – Triple Alliance signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triple_Alliance_(1717)

1854 – McDonald Islands – Discovered by Capt. William McDonald aboard the Samarang. http://www.mapsofworld.com/australia/heard-and-mcdonald-islands.html

1865 – USA – New York Stock Exchange opened first permanent headquarters. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Stock_Exchange

1868 – UK – Earthquake measuring 3.0Mw, epicentre in Langport, Somerset.

1878 – Ottoman Empire/Bulgaria – Battle of Sofia ended (Russo-Turkish War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sofia

1884 – UK – Fabian Society founded in London. http://www.victorianweb.org/history/fabian.html

1885 – Vietnam – Battle of Núi Bop ended (Sino-French War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Stock_Exchange

1896 – USA – Utah became 45th State. http://www.50states.com/utah.htm

1935 – Turkey – Earthquake measuring 6.4Mw, epicentre in Erdek, Balikesir. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1935_Erdek-Marmara_Islands_earthquake

1938 – Germany – Deutsche Lufthans plane crashed at Frankfurt, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19380104-0

1941 – Austria – Luftwaffe plane crashed at Umbalkees Glacier, Hohe Tauern, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19410104-0

1943 – Egypt – RAF plane crashed near Heliopolis, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430104-0

1944 – UK/Europe – Operation Carpetbagger began (WWII). https://youtu.be/UhwrAAhGM-A  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://www.harringtonmuseum.org.uk/OpCarpetbagger.htm

1944 – Germany – RAF attacked Berlin (WWII). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1946 – South China Sea – RAF plane crashed, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460104-0

1948 – Myanmar (Burma) – Independence from UK. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12992883

1949 – USA – USAF plane crashed near Weimer, CA, 8 killed. https://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19490104-1

1972 – UK – Rose Heilbron, became first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London. http://www.theguardian.com/news/2005/dec/13/guardianobituaries.gender

1976 – Northern Ireland – Reavey & O’Dowd killings (The Troubles). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reavey_and_O%27Dowd_killings


1987 – USA – Two trains collided in Chase, Maryland, 16 killed. https://youtu.be/PgDYejgVkEk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://abcnews.go.com/Archives/video/jan-1987-amtrak-train-collision-12499930

1989 – Mediterranean Sea – Gulf of Sidra Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_of_Sidra_incident_(1989)

1990 – Pakistan – Two trains collided near Sukker, 307 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/4677595.stm

1998 – Algeria – Wilaya of Relizane Massacre, 170 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilaya_of_Relizane_massacres_of_4_January_1998


1998 – USA/Canada – Ice storm hit. https://youtu.be/Z0XdBWdyLUQ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_Ice_Storm_of_1998

2000 – Norway – Two trains collided in Åsta, 19 killed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%85sta_accident


2010 – United Arab Emirates – Burj Khalifa, Dubai, officially opened. https://youtu.be/yyaEIf2ok6I http://www.burjkhalifa.ae/en/

2013 – Philippines – Kawit Shooting, 8 killed. http://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/bae-ronald-baquiran.htm

York

1841 – Railway Station & offices opened in Toft Green. http://www.railwayarchitecture.org.uk/Location/York/York%20Old%20Station/York-Old-Station.htm

1862 – James Waller was executed at gallows behind Castle Walls. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf