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31 January

314 – Rome – Sylvester I became Pope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silvester_I

1606 – England – Guy Fawkes executed. http://www.gunpowder-plot.org/fawkes.asp

1747 – GB – First venereal disease clinic opened at London Lock Hospital. http://georgianlondon.com/post/49464044636/the-kings-physician-the-theatre-royal-and-lon

1809 – UK – Earthquake, epicentre in Strontian, Lochaber, Scotland.

1849 – UK – Corn Laws abolished. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corn_Laws

1865 – USA – US Congress passed 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery. http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/document.html?doc=9&title.raw=13th%20Amendment%20to%20the%20U.S.%20Constitution%3A%20Abolition%20of%20Slavery

1868 – Japan – Battle of Toba-Fushimi ended (Boshin War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Toba%E2%80%93Fushimi

1906 – Colombia-Ecuador – Earthquake measuring 8.8Mw, 1,000 killed.

1915 – Poland – Battle of Bolimów (WWI). http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/bolimov.htm

1918 – UK – Battle of May Island began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_May_Island

1919 – UK – Battle of George Square in Glasgow, Scotland. http://news.stv.tv/west-central/72969-glasgow-remembers-battle-of-george-square/

1922 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw, epicentre offshore Cape Mendocina, California.


1929 – USSR – Leon Trotsky exiled. https://youtu.be/7kO1T0JCsko http://www.biography.com/people/leon-trotsky-9510793

1935 – Germany – Deruluft plane crashed near Stettin, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19350131-0

1942 – British Malaya – Malayan Campaign ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malayan_Campaign

1943 – Myanmar– RAF plane missing in northeastern Burma, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430131-1

1944 – India – USAAF plane crashed near Goliang, Arunachal Pradesh, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440131-0

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed near Sioux City AAB, IA, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440131-0

1944 – China – USAAF plane crashed near Lhasa, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440131-5

1944 – Ireland – RAF plane crashed at Blue Stack Mountains, Donegal, 7 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440131-3

1945 – Burma – Battle of Hill 170 ended (Burma Campaign, WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hill_170

1945 – Philippines – Battle for the Recapture of Bataan began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bataan_(1945)

1945 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Brookings, OR, 9 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450131-0

1946 – Yugoslavia – 6 constituent republics formed – Bosnia Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovinia.

1946 – USA – United Air Lines Flight 14 crashed at Elk Mountain, WY, 21 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19460131-0

1949 – China – Pingjin Campaign ended (Chinese Civil War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pingjin_Campaign

1950 – USA – President Truman announced a programme to develop the hydrogen bomb. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/truman-announces-development-of-h-bomb

1951 – Iceland – Icelandair Flugfélag Islands plane crashed off Hafnarfjördur, 20 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510131-1

1951 – Portugal – Aeronáutica Militar crashed near Terceira-lajes AFB, Azores, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510131-2


1953 – UK & Netherlands – North Sea flood, 300 killed in UK, 1,800 killed in Netherlands. https://youtu.be/vARjm3yHKzY http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/news/in-depth/1953-east-coast-flood

1954 – Colombia – Fuerza Aérea Colombiana plane crashed near Apiay Air Base, 5 killed. https://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540131-2

1957 – USA – Mid-air crash between two planes at Pacoima, California, 8 Killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19570131-0


1958 – USA – Explorer I satellite launched. https://youtu.be/PXQlZpN4Ev0 http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/explorer/history/


1961 – USA – Mercury-Redstone 2 launched. https://youtu.be/ObeLt0zdngI WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=MERCR2

1966 – USSR – Luna 9 launched. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1966-006A

1968 – Nauru – Independence from Australia, New Zealand and UK. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Nauru


1971 – USA – Apollo 14 launched. https://youtu.be/Rj8dVdJyj1c http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo14.html

1990 – USSR – McDonald’s opened in Moscow. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-mcdonalds-opens-in-soviet-union

1996 – Sri Lanka – Truck bomb exploded at Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Colombo, 86 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/31/newsid_4083000/4083095.stm


2000 – USA – Alaska Airline Flight 261 crashed off Anacapa Island, California, 88 killed. https://youtu.be/24JKyLosC6Q WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20000131-0


2003 – Australia – Rail accident in Waterfall, New South Wales. https://youtu.be/x95qStMHqEk WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterfall_rail_accident

2009 – Kenya – Oil spillage fire in Molo, 113 killed. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/more-than-100-dead-after-kenyan-oil-spill-blaze-1522688.html#

2011 – USA & Canada – Winter Storm hit for second time.

2013 – Mexico – Explosion at Pemex Executive Tower, Mexico City, 33 killed. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/31/pemex-explosion-mexico_n_2594493.html