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27 January

98 – Roman Empire – Emperor Nerva died. http://www.roman-empire.net/highpoint/nerva-index.html

457 – Roman Empire – Emperor Marcian died. http://www.roman-empire.net/constant/marcian.html

672 – Rome – Pope Vitalian died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Vitalian

1343 – Avignon – Pope Clement VI issues papal bull Unigenitus. http://atheism.about.com/library/glossary/western/bldef_clementvi.htm

1593 – Italy – Trial of Giordano Bruno began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giordano_Bruno

1606 – England – Trial of Guy Fawkes and fellow conspirators started. http://www.armitstead.com/gunpowder/gunpowder_trial.html

1785 – USA – University of Georgia founded. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/education/university-georgia

1825 – USA –US Congress approved Indian Territory (Oklahoma). http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/i/in018.html

1868 – Japan – Boshin War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boshin_War

1868 – Japan – Battle of Toba-Fushimi began (Boshin War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Toba%E2%80%93Fushimi

1888 – USA – National Geographical Society founded in Washington DC. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Geographic_Society http://press.nationalgeographic.com/about-national-geographic/milestones/

1918 – Finland – Finnish Civil War began (WWI). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finnish_Civil_War

1931 – Burma – Earthquake measuring 7.6, epicentre in Myitkyina. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1931_Myitkyina_earthquake

1943 – Germany – USAAF bombers attacked Emden and Wilhelmshaven (WWII).

1944 – Germany – RAF attacked Berlin (WWII).

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=55/Bombing-of-Hamburg-Dresden-and-Other-Cities-World-War-II-Database

1944 – USSR – Siege of Leningrad ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/5OCoxf64Xyg WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/leningrad.htm

1944 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Pensacola, FL, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440127-1

1945 – Fiji – RNZAF plane crashed near Beqa Island, 12 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450127-2

1945 – Poland – Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp liberated by the Red Army (WWII). http://en.auschwitz.org/h/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16&Itemid=15&limit=1&limitstart=2

1948 – Portugal – TAP plane crashed at Monte da Caparica, 3 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480127-0

1948 – France – USAF plane crashed at Montagne du Cheval-Blanc, 11 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480127-1

1951 – Italy – Alitalia plane crashed near Civitavecchia, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19510127-0

1954 – Armenia – Aeroflot plane crashed near Tsaghkashen, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19540127-0

1961 – Barents Sea – Soviet submarine S-80 sank by accidental flooding, 68 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_submarine_S-80


1967 – USA – Apollo 1 fire, 3 killed. https://youtu.be/lIk9sP9pEPM http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/

1967 – USA – Outer Space Treaty signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outer_Space_Treaty

1973 – France – Paris Peace Accords signed (Vietnam War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Peace_Accords

1974 – Australia – Brisbane River breached banks and flooded area, 14 killed. http://www.smh.com.au/photogallery/environment/weather/historic-photos-of-brisbanes-1974-floods-20101012-16ggu.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12165808

2002 – Nigeria – Explosion at military storage facility, Lagos, 1,100 killed. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/explosions-trigger-deadly-panic-in-nigeria

2006 – Indonesia – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre in Banda Sea. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2006/usika7/

2006 – USA – Western Union discontinued Telegram and Commercial Messaging services. http://www.livescience.com/6989-era-ends-western-union-stops-sending-telegrams.html

2010 – Honduras – Porfirio Lobo Sosa became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porfirio_Lobo_Sosa

2011 – Yemin – Yemini Revolution began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yemeni_Revolution

2013 – Brazil – Fire at night club in Santa Maria, 241 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-21645777

2015 – UK – Earthquake measuring 2.9Mw, epicentre Winchester. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-hampshire-31009707

York

1699 – Lady Suzanna Thompson sold Clifford’s Tower to Richard Sowray.