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26 January

1165 – England – Earthquake East Anglia.

1531 – Portugal – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Lisbon. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1531_Lisbon_earthquake

1564 – Belarus – Battle of Ula (Livonian War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ula

1565 – India – Battle of Talikota. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Talikota

1699 – Serbia – Treaty of Karlowitz signed (Austro-Ottoman War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Karlowitz

1700 – Canada – Earthquake measuring 9.00Mw offshore from Vancouver Island followed by tsunami. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1700_Cascadia_earthquake

1704 – America – Apalachee Massacre ended (Queen Anne’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apalachee_massacre

1788 – Australia – British First Fleet sailed in to Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour), established first permanent European settlement. – Australia Day. http://www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/terra_australis/firstfleet.html


1808 – Australia – Rum Rebellion. https://youtu.be/MSfFDNQkDnA http://www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/terra_australis/rebellion/

1837 – USA – Michigan became 26th State. http://www.50states.com/michigan.htm

1838 – USA – Tennessee enacts first prohibition. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/tennessee-passes-nations-first-prohibition-law

1841 – Hong Kong – Formerly occupied by the UK. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Hong_Kong

1855 – USA – Point No Point Treaty signed. http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&File_Id=5637

1856 – USA – Battle of Seattle (Puget Sound War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Seattle_(1856)

1885 – Sudan – Siege of Khartoum ended (Mahdist War). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Khartoum

1905 – South Africa – Cullinan Diamond found at Premier Mine, Pretoria. http://www.hrp.org.uk/toweroflondon/stories/palacehighlights/crownjewels/otherjewels

1915 – USA – A US Congress act established the Rocky Mountain National Park. http://www.nps.gov/romo/historyculture/brief.htm

1924 – USSR – St Petersburg renamed Leningrad.

1926 – UK – John Logie Baird demonstrated the Televisor. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-oxfordshire-38080275

1934 – Germany/Poland – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German%E2%80%93Polish_Non-Aggression_Pact

1937 – Algeria – Sabena plane crashed near Oran, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19370126-0

1945 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Birmingham Army Air Base, AL, 4 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450126-0

1945 – USA – USAAF plane near Bell Centre, OH, 3 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19450126-1

1947 – Denmark – KLM plane crashed at Kobenhavn-Kastrup Airport, 22 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470126-0

1947 – Indonesia – MLD plane crashed at Gillemanuk, Bali, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470126-2

1948 – France – Air France plane crashed near Paris-Le Bourget Airport, 9 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480126-0

1950 – Canada – US Marine Corp plane missing near Snag, YT, 44 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19500126-0

1950 – India – Rajendra Prasad sworn in as President. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/26/newsid_3475000/3475569.stm


1952 – Egypt – Cairo Fire. https://youtu.be/GP5zvJB-Sy4  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairo_Fire

1953 – Italy – LAI plane crashed near Cagliari-Elmas Airport, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19530126-0


1956 – Italy – VII Winter Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Cortina d’Ampezzo. https://youtu.be/WndnQhT_5Vg http://www.olympic.org/cortina-d-ampezzo-1956-winter-olympics

1958 – Japan – Ferry Nankai Maru capsized near Awaji Island, 167 killed.


1962 – USA – Ranger 3 Space probe launched. https://youtu.be/yYTZGhUMgQ0 http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1962-001A

1965 – India – Hindi became official language. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindi

1972 – Czechoslovakia – JAT Flight 367 exploded mid air, 27 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19720126-0 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/czechrepublic/9040863/40-years-on-woman-who-survived-33000-foot-fall-still-faces-questions.html

1974 – Turkey – Turkish Airlines Flight 301crashed at Izmir Cumaovasi Airport, 66 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19740126-0

1980 – Israel – Established diplomatic relations with Egypt.

1986 – Uganda – Tito Lutwa Okello overthrown, Yoweri Museveni became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tito_Okello https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoweri_Museveni

1991 – Somalia – Mohamed Siad Barre overthrown, Ali Mahadi Muhammad became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siad_Barre https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Mahdi_Muhammad

1995 – Peru – Cenepa War began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cenepa_War

2001 – India – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw, epicentre in Gujarat, 20,085 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/26/newsid_4666000/4666568.stm

2005 – USA – Two trains derailed in Glendale, California, 11 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4209619.stm

2009 – Madagascar – Rioting in Antananarivo. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/madagascar/4348449/Deaths-as-thousands-riot-in-Madagascar.html

2012 – Ireland – Earthquake measuring 2.2Mw, epicentre in Buncrana, Donegal. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-16742711

2015 – Spain – Hellenic Air Force plane crashed at Los Llanos Air Base, 11 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Los_Llanos_Air_Base_crash

2015 – UK – Libby Lane became first C of E female bishop. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libby_Lane

York

1777 – Lord Mayor received letter threatening to set fire to Mansion House, if Press Gang not forced to leave York.