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25 January

41 – Roman Empire – Tiberius Claudius Caesar Agustus Germanicus became Roman Emperor. http://www.roman-empire.net/emperors/claudius.html

750 – Turkey – Battle of the Zab (Abbasid Revolt). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Zab

817 – Rome – Paschal I became Pope. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Paschal_I

844 – Rome – Pope Gregory IV died. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_IV

1153 – Fatimid Caliphate – Battle of Ascalon began (Crusades). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Ascalon

1165 – England – Earthquake, epicentre in East Anglia. http://www.quakes.bgs.ac.uk/historical/query_eq/

1327 – England – Edward II abdicated. Edward III became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward2 http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward3

1348 – Italy – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw, epicentre in Fruili, Venice & Rome. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1348_Friuli_earthquake

1494 – Italy – Alfonso II became King of Naples. http://www.geni.com/people/Alfonso-II-D-Aragona/6000000003369438003

1515 – France – Coronation of Francis I. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_I_of_France

1533 – England – Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn. http://tudorhistory.org/boleyn/

1554 – Brazil – City of São Paulo founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A3o_Paulo

1554 – England – Wyatt’s Rebellion began. http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Documents/Wyatt%20Rebellion.htm

1573 – Japan – Battle of Mikatagahara. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mikatagahara

1575 – Angola – Luanda founded by Paulo Dias de Novais. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luanda

1704 – America – Apalachee Massacre began (Queen Anne’s War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apalachee_massacre

1755 – Russia – Moscow University established. http://www.hist.msu.ru/English/Admin/founding1.htm

1765 – Falkland Islands – Port Egmont founded by British settlers. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Egmont

1787 – USA – Battle of Springfield Armoury (Shay’s Rebellion). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Springfield_Armory#Shays’_Rebellion_(1787)

1792 – GB – London Corresponding Society founded. http://www.historyhome.co.uk/c-eight/18reform/corrsoc.htm


1858 – UK – Felix Mendelssohn’s ‘Wedding March’ played at Victoria & Friedrich of Prussia’s wedding. https://youtu.be/0Oo4z37OUEI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wedding_March_(Mendelssohn)

1879 – Bulgaria – Bulgarian National Bank founded. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgarian_National_Bank

1881 – USA – Oriental Telephone Company established. http://dayintechhistory.com/dith/january-25-1881-oriental-telephone-company/


1890 – USA – Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Jane Cochrane) completed Round the World trip in 72 days. https://youtu.be/9tIthIv5wB0 http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/bly/world/world.html  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nellie_Bly


1909 – Germany – Richard Strauss’ ‘Elektra’ premiered at Dresden State Opera. https://youtu.be/jq1qfG0r4LE  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elektra_(opera)

1915 – USA – First Transcontinental phone call made. http://www.edn.com/electronics-blogs/edn-moments/4405635/1st-transcontinental-phone-call-made–January-25–1915


1924 – France – I Winter Olympic Games Opening Ceremony in Chamonix. http://youtu.be/MMSm6kF88hM http://www.olympic.org/chamonix-1924-winter-olympics

1932 – China – Battle of Harbin began (Second Sino-Japanese War). http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=295

1942 – Thailand – Declared war on USA & UK (WWII).

1945 – France – Operation Norwind ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Nordwind

1945 – Belgium – Battle of the Bulge ended (WWII). https://youtu.be/AJitx9YgZjE  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bulge

1945 – France – Operation Nordwind ended (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Nordwind

1947 – UK – Spencer Airways plane crashed at London-Croydon Airport, 12 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470125-3

1947 – Hong Kong – Philippine Air Lines plane crashed at Mount Parker, 4 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470125-1

1947 – China – CNAC plane crashed near Chongqing, 19 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470125-2

1948 – Cyprus – Société Indochinoise de Transport Aériens plane crashed off coast, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19480125-0

1949 – USA – First Emmy Awards. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/inaugural-emmy-awards-ceremony

1956 – Algeria – 2 L’Armée de L’Air planes collided at Blida, 6 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19560125-0

1971 – Uganda – Idi Amin became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idi_Amin

1980 – India – Mother Teresa awarded the Bharat Ratna. http://knowindia.gov.in/myindia/myindia_frame.php?id=12

1986 – Uganda – Ugandan Bush War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ugandan_Bush_War

1988 – Austria – Paralympic IV Winter Games Closing Ceremony in Innsbruck.


1990 – USA – Avianca Flight 52 crashed at Cove Neck, NY, 73 killed. https://youtu.be/jwLH8duAppI  WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing  http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19900125-0

1993 – USA – Shooting at CIA HQ, Langley, Virginia, 2 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1993_shootings_at_CIA_Headquarters

1994 – USA – Clementine space probe launched. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LCROSS/searchforwater/clementine.html

1995 – Norway – Norwegian Rocket Incident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_rocket_incident

1996 – USA – Bill Bailey became last person hanged in US. http://murderpedia.org/male.B/b1/bailey-billy.htm

1998 – Sri Lanka – Temple of the Tooth bombing, 11 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/50366.stm

1999 – Columbia – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw, epicentre in Quindio and Risaralda, 1,185 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/25/newsid_2506000/2506407.stm

2005 – India – Stampede at the mandher Devi Temple, Mandhradevi, 258 killed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/4207811.stm


2010 – Lebanon – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409 crashed near Beirut International Airport, 90 killed. https://youtu.be/u74fruCrDmM WARNING! Video contains scenes some viewers may find distressing http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20100125-0

2011 – Egypt – Egyptian Revolution began. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_Revolution_of_2011

2013 – Venezuala – Prison riot in Barquisimeto, 50 killed. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-21208823

2015 – Philippines – Mamasapano Clash. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mamasapano_clash

2016 – Alboran Sea – Earthquake measuring 6.3Mw, off Melilla. http://www.earth-of-fire.com/2016/01/many-earthquakes-in-the-alboran-sea-mediterranean.html

York

1663 – Robert Archbell, William Amber, Matthew Champney, George Campion, Thomas Carbutt, Christopher Simpson, George Slater, George Mouncer, Joseph Morley, Timothy Mosley, John Hutchinson, David Jackson, Henry Richardson, Cornelius Thompson, Thomas Fox, Benjamin Hornby, Francis Holmes Sr, and William Holmes Jr were executed at York. http://pastsearch-archaeo-history.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Criminals-and-Executions-Jan12.pdf

1924 – William Woodhouse set off on roller-skating journey to London.