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22 January

871 – England – Battle of Basing. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Basing

1506 – Rome – First 150 Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican. http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/swiss_guard/swissguard/storia_en.htm

1517 – Egypt – Battle of Ridaniya (Mamluk-Ottoman War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ridaniya

1517 – Ottoman Empire – Ottoman-Mamluk War ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman%E2%80%93Mamluk_War_(1516%E2%80%9317)

1615 – Japan – Siege of Osaka Phase 1 ended. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Osaka

1654 – England – Oliver Cromwell ended the Long Parliament by locking members out. http://www.famous-speeches-and-speech-topics.info/famous-short-speeches/oliver-cromwell-speech-dissolution-of-the-long-parliament.htm

1689 – England – Convention Parliament met. http://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/evolutionofparliament/parliamentaryauthority/revolution/overview/billofrights/

1828 – UK – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington became Prime Minister (Tory). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/arthur-wellesley-1st-duke-of-wellington

1849 – Punjab Region – Siege of Multan ended (Second Anglo-Sikh War). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Multan


1863 – Russian Empire – January Uprising began. https://youtu.be/0Z6eEM2axVE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_Uprising

1879 – South Africa – Battle of Isandlwana (Anglo-Zulu War). http://www.britishbattles.com/zulu-war/isandlwana.htm

1879 – South Africa – Battle of Rorke’s Drift began (Anglo-Zulu War). http://www.britishbattles.com/zulu-war/rorkes-drift.htm

1905 – Russia – Bloody Sunday, began the First Russian Revolution. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloody_Sunday_(1905)  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolution_of_1905

1901 – UK – Victoria died, aged 81. Edward VII became king. http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=victoria http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward7

1906 – Canada – SS Valencia ran aground on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, 130 killed. http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?168875

1915 – Mexico – Train crashed in Guadalajara, 600+ killed. http://www.railway-technology.com/features/featurethe-worlds-deadliest-train-accidents-4150911/

1922 – Rome – Pope Benedict XV died. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Benedict_XV

1923 – USA – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw, epicentre offshore Cape Mendocino, California.

1924 – UK – Ramsey MacDonald became Prime Minister (Labour). https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/james-ramsay-macdonald

1938 – USA – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw, epicentre in Maui, Hawaii. http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/archive/1999/99_04_08.html

1940 – Indonesia – KNILM plane crashed near Denpasar-Ngurah Rai Bali International Airport, 8 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19400122-0

1943 – Peru – Pan American Grace Airways Flight 9 crashed near Chaparra, 14 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430122-0

1944 – Italy – Battle of Anzio began (WWII). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Anzio

1944 – USA – USAAF plane crashed at Richmond-Central Airport, VA, 1 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440122-1

1944 – Venuatu – US Navy plane crashed at Espirítu Santo, 6 killed (WWII). http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19440122-2

1947 – Colombia – Avianca plane crashed near Puerto Araujo, 17 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470122-0

1947 – USA – US Navy plane crashed at Santa Rosa Island, FL, 1 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19470122-5

1952 – USA – American Airlines Flight 6780 crashed near Newark International Airport, NJ, 30 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520122-0

1952 – USA – Aerodex plane crashed at Miami International Airport, FL, 5 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19520122-1


1957 – USA – George Metesky “Mad Bomber” arrested. https://youtu.be/7WNllcEKRrg  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Metesky


1959 – USA – Water breached River Slope Mine, Pittston City, Pennsylvania, 12 killed. https://youtu.be/4X-074T06s4 http://www.usmra.com/saxsewell/knox.htm

1963 – France – Élysée Treaty Signed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89lys%C3%A9e_Treaty


1968 – USA – Apollo 5 launched. https://youtu.be/JqnVb_Salbc http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1968-007A

1971 – Russia – Aeroflot, Komi Civil Aviation Directorate plane crashed near Surgut Airport, 13 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19710122-0

1973 – Nigeria – Nigeria Airways plane crashed at Kano International Airport, 176 killed. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730122-0

1973 – USA – US Supreme Court legalized elective abortion. http://healthcare.findlaw.com/patient-rights/how-did-abortion-become-legal.html

1987 – Philippines – Mendiola Massacre, 13 killed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mendiola_massacre

1988 – Australia – Earthquake measuring 6.3 – 6.6Mw, epicentre in Tennant Creek.

1995 – Israel – Beit Lid Massacre (Israeli-Palestinian Conflict). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beit_Lid_suicide_bombing

2003 – Mexico – Earthquake measuring 7.6Mw, epicentre offshore Colima, 29 killed.

2006 – Bolivia – Evo Morales became President. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evo_Morales

2007 – Iraq – Two car bombs exploded in Bab Al-Sharqi market, Baghdad, 88 killed. http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2007-02-12-violence_x.htm

2015 – Saudi Arabia – King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz died aged 90. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Abdullah_Bin_Abdulaziz

York

1999 – Paintings stolen from Art Gallery. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/639874.stm